A1. Location The Republic of South Africa is a parliamentary democracy , which is located at the southern tip of Africa. The neighboring countries of South Africa are Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Lesotho
A2. Social Structure African 79% White 9% Colored 9% Indian/Asian 3%
A3. Political System South Africa is a constitutional democracy A federal state with a national government and nine provincial governments The president is an executive head of the state elected by the parliament for two five year terms. The President is both the executive head of State and also leads the Cabinet
A4. Official Language Eleven official languages are recognized in the constitution . English is commonly used in public and commercial life AfriKaans, English, IsiNdebele, IsXhosa, IsiZulu, Sesotho sa Leboa, Sesotho, Aetswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga, Indigenous creoles and pidgins
B1. Brief Storical background review South African history has been dominated by the interaction and conflict of several diverse ethnic groups. Black South Africans are descendants of immigrants from north in Africa. White South Africans are descendants of later European settlers, mainly from the Netherlands and Britain. The Coloureds are descended at least in part from all of these groups, as well as from slaves from the East Indies, and there are many South Africans of Indian and Chinese origin
B2. How society and culture have influenced English as a second language. South African English is classified into three groups: Cultivated associated with upper class; General , a social indicator of the middle class, and Broad , associated with the working class
Contributions to English Worldwide South African English speakers often pepper their speech with English and Afrikaans, as this example: "I-Chiefs isidle nge-referee's optional time, otherwise ngabe ihambe sleg . Maar why benga stopi this system ye- injury time ?” "Chiefs [a local soccer team] have won owing to the referee's optional time, otherwise they could have lost. But why is this system of injury time not phased out?"
English Academy of Southern Africa The English Academy of Southern Africa (EASA) is the only academy for the English language in the world.
C. What type of language is the official language of the country? It is both agglutinative andinflexional. Agglutinative suffixes are often inserted irrespective of syllabic boundaries , for example, by adding a consonant to the syllable coda as in English tie — tie s . inflectional words (such as sing , sang , sung , sings , singing , singer , singers , song , songs , songstress , songstresses in English)