Unit 4 Death and the Afterlife Overview

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Unit 4 Death and the Afterlife Overview

  1. 6. Unit 4 Death and The Afterlife The Soul Funerals God as Judge Heaven and Hell
  2. 7. The Soul By the end of this lesson… c) “There is no such thing as a soul” Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer And show that you have thought about different points of view. You must refer to Christianity in your answer. [5 marks]
  3. 8. The Soul Who are you?
  4. 9. The Soul Plato said that the soul is like the rider of a chariot. The horses represent your body and your mind. After death your soul lives on. This is called dualism .
  5. 10. The Soul Aristotle said that the soul and the body were linked and you could not have one without the other. The body is the material of a thing and the soul is it’s function. He used the examples of an Axe or an eye.
  6. 11. The Soul Most Christians including Roman Catholics believe that the soul has to have a body. One cannot exist without the other. This means that when you die you get a new body for your eternal life.
  7. 12. The Soul Christians believe that God breathed life into Adam at creation. The breath of God symbolises our uniqueness amongst all the animals . Animals don’t have souls.
  8. 13. The Soul c) “there is no such thing as a soul” Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer And show that you have thought about different points of view. You must refer to Christianity in your answer.
  9. 14. The Last Day (The day of Judgement) Some Christians believe that one day Jesus will return to earth. The dead will all stand before God in Judgement. Those who have accepted Jesus as their saviour will go to heaven. The rest?
  10. 15. Heaven Christians have different views about heaven. Some say, “God loves us so everyone will go to heaven”
  11. 16. Heaven Christians have different views about heaven. Others say, “ only Christians go to heaven, because everyone has sinned.”
  12. 17. Heaven Christians have different views about heaven. Others say, “Good people will go to heaven when they have paid for their sins.”
  13. 18. Hell Hell is a place of everlasting suffering. Some Christians believe that all who haven’t accepted Jesus will burn there for eternity. Others might believe that a loving God could never send someone to such a place. Click here for more on Hell
  14. 19. Purgatory Roman Catholics believe in a middle place between Heaven and Hell called Purgatory. In purgatory you pay for your sins. This means that Roman Catholics will sometimes pray for dead people to help them to get into heaven.
  15. 20. Annihilation Some Christians think that if you die without turning to Christ you are simply destroyed. They think this is more loving than being sent to Hell.
  16. 21. Salvation
  17. 22. Funerals Not all Christian Funerals are the same. Some are a celebration of life.. Others will show that although loss is sad, there is hope in life after death. Christians may be buried or cremated.
  18. 23. Answer 1 Christians belive that good people go to heaven and bad people go to hell. Describe Christian beliefs about what happens to people after death. [8 marks]
  19. 24. Answer 2 Christians think that when you die you got heven and live with god forver. Describe Christian beliefs about what happens to people after death. [8 marks]
  20. 25. Answer 3 Not all Christians think the same thing about life after death. Most Christians believe that there is and place called heaven where people live forever in the presence of God. Some believe that all people go their because god forgives everyone, others believe that the only people who go to heaven are people who are committed Christians. Some Christians believe that those who don’t go to heaven will go to Hell, and be tortured for eternity, others argue that if God truly loves mankind he would not do this. Roman Catholics believe that there is a middle place called Purgatory, in this place you work off your sins until you are fit for heaven. Describe Christian beliefs about what happens to people after death. [8 marks]
  21. 26. Answer 4 I think that when you are dead that’s it and the worms eat your flesh until you are just a skeliton. Describe Christian beliefs about what happens to people after death. [8 marks]
  22. 27. Answer 5 Christians think that you are reincarnated and if you are bad you will go to hell. Describe Christian beliefs about what happens to people after death. [8 marks]
  23. 28. Answer 6 Some Christians believe in hell for bad people where they will be punished forever. Others think that there is no hell because god isn’t cruel. Christians also say that if you are good you will go to heaven. Some Christians (Roman Catholics I think!) think that there is a place called purjerry where you do a penance until saint Peter lets you through the pearly gates. Describe Christian beliefs about what happens to people after death. [8 marks]
  24. 29. Answer 7 Christians go to heaven, to live in the presence of god for ever, the rest burn in hell forever. Describe Christian beliefs about what happens to people after death. [8 marks]
  25. 30. Answer 8 Christians think everyone will go to heaven. Describe Christian beliefs about what happens to people after death. [8 marks]
  26. 31. Answer 9 Heaven is a place where people live forever with god and are happy. Hell is a place where the devil torture you in flames and stuff. Some think that that there is no hell because it is cruel and that everyone will go to heaven. Describe Christian beliefs about what happens to people after death. [8 marks]
  27. 32. Answer 10 Dear Examiner, I haven’t bothered to revise for this exam and to be perfectly honest I don’t give a @$%£ my girlfriend finished me last night so I got totally off my face and ended up puking all over our front room. My head is pounding and I think I am going to be sick again. Please add a few marks out of kindness, I have left £10 with my answers. Describe Christian beliefs about what happens to people after death. [8 marks]
  28. 33. They might feel happy cuase they’ve gone to abetter place. Explain how a Christian funeral might help an comfort the relatives of someone who has died. [7 marks]
  29. 34. They might feel happy cause they’ve gone to a better place. The funeral might have parts of it where the people remember all of the good things in the life of the person who has died. Explain how a Christian funeral might help an comfort the relatives of someone who has died. [7 marks]
  30. 35. They might feel happy cause they’ve gone to a better place. The funeral might have parts of it where the people remember all of the good things in the life of the person who has died. Roman Catholics will pray for the dead person as they go through Purgatory, this might comfort someone because they feel that they might help their loved one in their suffering. Explain how a Christian funeral might help an comfort the relatives of someone who has died. [7 marks]
  31. 36. They might feel happy cause they’ve gone to a better place. The funeral might have parts of it where the people remember all of the good things in the life of the person who has died. Roman Catholics will pray for the dead person as they go through Purgatory, this might comfort someone because they feel that they might help their loved one in their suffering. Some funerals in New Orleans have music which is a celebration, this shows that the relatives and friends are sure that the person has gone to heaven. Explain how a Christian funeral might help an comfort the relatives of someone who has died. [7 marks]
  32. 37. Unit 4 Death and The Afterlife The Soul Funerals God as Judge Heaven and Hell
  33. 39. Some Fundamentalist Christians believe that when some people die they will be sent to Hell to face eternal fiery punishment.
  34. 40. Ideas of Hell may have originated in 3 places… Some Fundamentalist Christians believe that when some people die they will be sent to Hell to face eternal fiery punishment.
  35. 41. Sheol, the Hebrew word which simply refers to the state you are in after you die. Some Fundamentalist Christians believe that when some people die they will be sent to Hell to face eternal fiery punishment. Ideas of Hell may have originated in 3 places…
  36. 42. Hades, the Greek underworld ruled by the god Hades. Some Fundamentalist Christians believe that when some people die they will be sent to Hell to face eternal fiery punishment. Ideas of Hell may have originated in 3 places… Sheol, the Hebrew word which simply refers to the state you are in after you die.
  37. 43. Hades, the Greek underworld ruled by the god Hades. Some Fundamentalist Christians believe that when some people die they will be sent to Hell to face eternal fiery punishment. Ideas of Hell may have originated in 3 places… Sheol, the Hebrew word which simply refers to the state you are in after you die. Gehenna, the fiery valley where rubbish burnt all the time, in the time of Jesus.
  38. 44. Hades, the Greek underworld ruled by the god Hades. Some Fundamentalist Christians believe that when some people die they will be sent to Hell to face eternal fiery punishment. Ideas of Hell may have originated in 3 places… Sheol, the Hebrew word which simply refers to the state you are in after you die. Gehenna, the fiery valley where rubbish burnt all the time, in the time of Jesus. Some people find the idea of Hell hard to justify.
  39. 45. Hades, the Greek underworld ruled by the god Hades. Some Fundamentalist Christians believe that when some people die they will be sent to Hell to face eternal fiery punishment. Ideas of Hell may have originated in 3 places… Sheol, the Hebrew word which simply refers to the state you are in after you die. Gehenna, the fiery valley where rubbish burnt all the time, in the time of Jesus. Some people find the idea of Hell hard to justify. If God is loving then, why would he want someone to suffer forever?
  40. 46. Hades, the Greek underworld ruled by the god Hades. Some Fundamentalist Christians believe that when some people die they will be sent to Hell to face eternal fiery punishment. Ideas of Hell may have originated in 3 places… Sheol, the Hebrew word which simply refers to the state you are in after you die. Gehenna, the fiery valley where rubbish burnt all the time, in the time of Jesus. Some people find the idea of Hell hard to justify. If God is loving then, why would he want someone to suffer forever? If God has all power then surely this means he made some people knowing they would spend eternity in Hell.
  41. 47. Hades, the Greek underworld ruled by the god Hades. Some Fundamentalist Christians believe that when some people die they will be sent to Hell to face eternal fiery punishment. Ideas of Hell may have originated in 3 places… Sheol, the Hebrew word which simply refers to the state you are in after you die. Gehenna, the fiery valley where rubbish burnt all the time, in the time of Jesus. Some people find the idea of Hell hard to justify. If God is loving then, why would he want someone to suffer forever? If God has all power then surely this means he made some people knowing they would spend eternity in Hell. How does Hell meet the Aims of Punishment?
  42. 48. Hades, the Greek underworld ruled by the god Hades. Some Fundamentalist Christians believe that when some people die they will be sent to Hell to face eternal fiery punishment. Ideas of Hell may have originated in 3 places… Sheol, the Hebrew word which simply refers to the state you are in after you die. Gehenna, the fiery valley where rubbish burnt all the time, in the time of Jesus. Some people find the idea of Hell hard to justify. If God is loving then, why would he want someone to suffer forever? If God has all power than surely this means he made some people knowing they would spend eternity in Hell. How does Hell meet the Aims of Punishment? Deterrent? Reform? Protection? Retribution?
  43. 49. Hades, the Greek underworld ruled by the god Hades. Some Fundamentalist Christians believe that when some people die they will be sent to Hell to face eternal fiery punishment. Ideas of Hell may have originated in 3 places… Sheol, the Hebrew word which simply refers to the state you are in after you die. Gehenna, the fiery valley where rubbish burnt all the time, in the time of Jesus. Some people find the idea of Hell hard to justify. If God is loving then, why would he want someone to suffer forever? If God has all power than surely this means he made some people knowing they would spend eternity in Hell. How does Hell meet the Aims of Punishment? Deterrent? Reform? Protection? Retribution? I think…
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