Name and Form: __________________________________________
May 2009 (PM)
Units to revise:
Science and Religion
Peace and Justice
(Wealth and Poverty)
The GCSE RE site
www.yacapaca.com—You need your login
and password for this. If you loose it please e
-mail Mrs Emmerson
http://www.request.org.uk - look at both the
‘main site’ and the ‘issues’ area
“Do to oth
to do for y s what you want th
- Jesus in
Jesus used parables to help explain his During the Sermon on the
teachings. You need to know;
Mount Jesus told people;
• The Good Samaritan
-not to be violent “An eye for an
The Sheep and the Goats
-that the meek (gentle) will be
The Rich Man and Lazarus
rewarded in heaven
Look them up if your not sure!
Unit 3 Religion and Science
The Origins (Start) of the world
Always answer the
The Bible says that God made the world in 6 days and that man was
created at the end. Man was special and given domination over all
question which will be the first
of the plants and creatures.
one on each page. You have to
SCS that the Bible is completely true so the worlds is 5000 years
answer 4 units (4 topics). old, made in 6 days No evolution No Big Bang. They reject lots of
Each Question has three Scientific discovery.
parts.. SCS that the ‘days’ of Genesis are long periods and that the
universe is very old but still made by God, they might reject
Part a) [8 marks] you need to evolution.
SCS that the bible is a religious book not a scientific manual so they
give lots of information about
believe that God made everything but they also accept scientific
what Christians believe.
theories such as evolution and the Big Bang.
Part b) [7 marks] is about the
People and Animals
effect these beliefs have on a Most Christians agree that animals have no souls so we can use
Christian. Try to think of as them as we like but we must be responsible for them.
many different Christian opin- SCS that the Bible says that God cares for all the birds of the air and
ions as you can. lilies of the field so we should look after everything.
Liberal Christians have very
Stewardship and the Environment
easy going views, they are not
SCS Christians believe that God created the world so we must look
extreme and tolerate other
SCS that we should love our neighbour which means that we
shouldn’t damage the environment because it causes suffering in
are the opposite to Liberal developing countries and for future generations.
Christians, they have extreme SCS we should work to improve the environment by recycling,
views about things. They think protesting, campaigning and by supporting green causes.
the Bible is absolutely true and
only Christians go to Heaven.
Unit 7 Medical Ethics
Roman Catholics have very Sanctity of Life = Life is sacred and special given by God and must be pre-
strong views against abortion, served.
euthanasia, contraception etc.
Methodists and Quakers of-
SCS life starts when the sperm meets the egg so abortion is a sin (Roman
ten very tolerant when it comes
Catholics think this)
to moral issues such as abor- SCS that life begins when the soul enters the body at about 20 weeks so
tion, euthanasia, contraception abortion after this is wrong.
etc. SCS that in some circumstances it may be the more loving thing to do
to prevent suffering. (Love your neighbour)
The Church of England will
SCS that if a mother’s life is in danger abortion should be allowed.
often have a mix of opinions
and will often be somewhere in
-between the others. SCS that you shouldn't interfere with human life so fertility treatment is
wrong. (Roman Catholics)
Part c) [5 marks] This section SCS that if it is the loving thing to do then it can be justified.
SCS it is wrong to discard unwanted foetuses as this is murder.
is always in the form of a
quote. (eg “There must be life Euthanasia
after death.”) It then tells you Passive euthanasia is when you turn off a life support machine and a person
how to answer the question so dies from their injuries.
Active euthanasia is when you kill someone tom end their suffering eg. with
follow the instructions.
a lethal injection.
· Do you agree? SCS that euthanasia is wrong that God has a plan for every life it is sacred.
· Give reasons for your answer SCS that it is sometimes the most loving thing to do so is acceptable.
· and show that you have (Love your neighbour)
thought about different points
Medical research on animals
SCS that animals are God’s creation so we should treat them with respect
· You must refer to Christianity
SCS that animals have no soul so we can do what we like with them
in your answer. SCS that people are more important than animals so we can experiment on
them but perhaps not for shampoo and makeup.
Unit 10 Peace and Justice Unit 9 Wealth and Poverty (Long exam
SCS that War is always wrong because Jesus The Bible says…
said, “Love your neighbour” and “Turn the other • “Love your neighbour as yourself”
• “Blessed are the poor - for the Kingdom of heaven is
SCS that violence is necessary only in extreme
• “It is easier for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God
A Just War is a war that some Christians be-
than it is for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle”
lieve can be justified under certain conditions…
• The parable of the Good Samaritan shows that we should
1.The War is started by the proper authority
(e.g. Democratic governments or the U.N)
2.There must be a just reason to go to war.
Causes of Poverty
3.The war must produce good and not evil.
• Natural causes include famine, drought, earthquakes etc.
4.The war must be a last resort everything else
must have been tried. • Human causes include war, corrupt governments, unfair
5.There should be no more force used than is trade
Concern for the Poor
Jesus spent most time with those people on the edges of
Pacifism society so Christians might try to do the same. Mother
Some Christians are pacifists they refuse to Teresa, Salvation Army and Christian Aid are all examples
use violence. Martin Luther King was a Christian of people and groups who have tried to do this
who refuse to use violence to fight against op-
Giving to Charity
This can happen in lots of different ways—not all of
The Bible says… “If you live by the sword you
them involved money
will die by the sword”
• Tithe—10% of income into church collection
“Turn your swords into ploughshares and your
• Donate money (emergency appeals, tins)
spears into pruning hooks”
“Love your enemies and pray for those who per- • Donate clothes and objects to shops
secute you.” • Volunteering with a local group
• Working with an organisation like Christian Aid
• Remember the widow who only put in a penny in
There are 4 aims of punishment.
the collection whilst other put in more? - Jesus was
•Reform—changing a person
pleased with her as she gave all she had
Moral and Immoral Occupations
•Retribution—making them pay for their crime
Most Christians will choose to earn money in ways
•Deterrence—acting as a warning to put people
that keep the 10 commandments, i.e. not killing,
Christians are in favour of any punishment that stealing or
involves love and forgiveness. They might work lying.
Previous questions for ‘Wealth and Poverty’ (LONG EXAM ONLY)
A) Describe Christian beliefs about the right use of money
B) Explain why Christians might help the poor
C) ‘Poverty is caused by God’ - Do you agree?
A) Describe Christian teaching about the treatment of the poor and needy
B) Explain why Christians might think that some charities are more important than others
C) ‘Gambling is always wrong’ - Do you agree?
A) Describe Christian teachings about moral and immoral occupations
B) Explain Christian attitudes towards the use of money
C) ‘It is better to be poor than to ignore religious teachings’ - Do you agree?
A) Describe Christian teachings about the use of money
B) Explain how Christian beliefs might affect a person’s choice of career
C) ‘It does not matter how you get you money, as long as you look after your family’ - Do you
Previous questions for ‘Science and Religion’
A) Describe scientific beliefs about the origins of the world and of humanity
B) Explain why some Christians might not agree with these scientific ideas
C) “Humans were created for a reason” Do you agree?
A) Describe Christian teaching about people and their responsibility for the planet
B) Explain why some Christians might believe that humans are the most important part
C) “It is the responsibility of every Christian to care for the planet” Do you agree?
A) Describe Christian beliefs about the origins of humanity
B) Explain why Christians might believe that they should care for animals
C) “Human beings are not capable of caring for the environment” Do you agree?
A) Describe Christian beliefs about the origins of the world
B) Explain how these ideas differ from scientific theories about the origins of the world
C) “Science is right so religion is wrong” Do you agree?
A) Describe Christian teachings about caring for the environment
B) Explain why some Christians might believe that humans are more important than
C) “Christians have a special duty to care for the planet” Do you agree?
Previous questions for ‘Medical Ethics’
A) Describe Christian attitudes towards the use of animals in medical research
B) Explain Christian beliefs about abortion
C) ‘The use of fertility treatment is wrong because it interferes with God’s plan’ - Do
A) Describe Christian attitudes towards fertility treatment
B) Explain why Christians might have different views about abortion
C) ‘Every unborn baby has the right to live’ - Do you agree?
A) Describe Christian teachings about euthanasia
B) Explain why different Christians might have different views about euthanasia
C) ‘People in great pain should be allowed to die if they want to’ - Do you agree?
A) Describe Christian attitudes towards fertility treatment
B) Explain Christian attitudes to the use of animals in medical research
C) ‘Every woman has the right to have a baby’ - Do you agree?
A) Describe Christian teaching about euthanasia
B) Explain why Christians might be opposed to suicide
C) ‘All life is worth living’ - Do you agree?
Previous questions for ‘Peace and Justice’
A) Describe Christian beliefs about Pacifism
B) Explain how Christians might respond to war
C) ‘It is better to accept injustice than to use violence
A) Describe Christian attitudes towards pacifism
B) Explain why Christians might believe that war is sometimes necessary
C) ‘Justice is more important than peace’ - Do you agree?
A) Describe Christian teachings about the use of violence
B) Explain how Christians might act during a war
C) ‘Violence is always wrong’ - Do you agree?
A) Describe Christian teachings about the treatment of criminals
B) Explain how Christians might respond to injustice
C) ‘Religious people should never use violence’ - Do you agree?
A) Describe Christian teachings about ‘Just War’
B) Explain Christian attitudes towards pacifism
C) ‘Violence is always wrong’ - Do you agree?