Chapter 13IntroductionWhat key skills are needed when writing an introduction? - Background Knowledge (to appreciate findings as advancement). - Same things in a different way. - Tools for understanding the study (meaning, and motivation). - Plan to develop the topic. - Roadmap [line of argument (how to support a statement)]. - Deep knowledge of the topic and decide important issues.How show I structure the introduction? - What is the problem? - Are there any existing solutions (i.e., in the literature)? - Which solution is the best? - What is the main limitation? (i.e., What gap am I hoping to fill?) - What do I hope to achieve? - Have I achieved what I set out to do?How should I begin my introduction? (Not necessarily in this sequence) (length varies: bydiscipline, by paper). - Enough background information: o For understanding the reason of the questions (context) o Reasons for: Hypotheses, predictions, and results o Preview
Function Length in sentences1.- Definition of the topic plus background. 1-3 - May be necessary (Definition phrase). - Notations (graphic symbols). - Technical explanations. - Explanations of key words. Second sentence: - Familiar information - Suggest importance - How to extent knowledge - Set the context for following information - Importance of the specific study instead of the general area.2.- Accepted state of the art plus problem 2-4to be resolved. - Gap to fill. - What the problem is. - Why the problem was selected. - Why the claim of the importance.3.- Author’s objectives. 1-2 - How to fill out the gap. - Parts 6 and 7 could be incorporated here. - Transition into the literature review.4.- Introduction to the literature. 1- many pages - Introduction to background literature. - Motivation for the research. - Insufficient knowledge.5.- Survey of pertinent literature. 1- many pages - Review of the literature. - Attention to the unsolved problem. - Specific purposes of the study6.- Author’s contribution. 1-2 - How and what the contribution is.7.- Aim of the present work. 1-2 - Goal of the study. - What method was used.*8.- Main results/conclusions. 1-4 - Results in context9.- Future implications. 1-2 - Implications, importance.*10.- Outline of structure. 3-4 - Outline of the structure of the study. Note. *No relevant for this class.
Are there any other ways of beginning an introduction?- By using questions.What tenses should I use?Present, present perfect, simple past, and future.Summary: How can I assess the quality of the introduction?- Is my research question clear- Does my introduction act as a clear road map for understanding my paper?- Have I mentioned only what readers specifically need to know and what I will subsequently refer in the discussion?- Have I been as concise as possible?- Have I used the tenses correctly?