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Floating power stations

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floating power plant

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Floating power stations

  1. 1. FLOATING POWER STATIONS By S.SELVA PRIYADHARSHINI III-EEE-B
  2. 2. CONTENTS  INTRODUCTION  HISTORY  DESIGN CONSIDERATION  WORKING  RECENT DEVELOPMENTS  ADVANTAGES  DISADVANTAGES  CONCLUSION
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  The floating power plant can supply electricity to a district or to a specific facility that temporarily uses electricity  It can minimize limitations caused by environmental regulations  It can be used as emergency electric power source
  4. 4. HISTORY  In 1940,by the US Army corporation of engineers, a 30 MW power generation facility put into service in the Philippines is still in operation in Ecuador  In 2000,which is the largest FPP in the world was installed in Mangalore on the west coast of India
  5. 5. DESIGN CONSIDERATION  It is designed in such a way that, it operates only like a ship at ship only requiring fuel for its generating machinery  The FPP is designed to sit in waters and move like a vessel at sea, but rather they are designed for service in protected inland waters such as rivers, lagoons or ports  The completed vessel receives a classification as a “power barrage”  Single barrage designs ranged from 30MW up to 530MW
  6. 6. FUEL  The options are often limited in several countries and one has to use it with available fuels with irrespective of the cost  The fuels used in power station in land or sea is mainly depends on the availability and cost
  7. 7. POWER BARGE DESIGN
  8. 8. BARGE OPERATION  The operations are carried out as same as the land based facilities.  The fpp is fitted with on board control room with data acquisition system with machinery and equipment tools  Step up transformers, motor controllers, switchgear are also installed on barge
  9. 9. TRANSPORTATION  One of the more significant differences of a floating power plant to a land based plant is it’s transportability.  It is being capable of moving the unit from one location to another.  This is achieved with the use of submersible heavy lift ships, designed to move very large structures around the world weighing upwards of 60,000 tons.
  10. 10.  A power barge can be moved from one location to another in a matter of weeks and connected to the grid to alleviate local shortages.
  11. 11. WORKING OF FLOATING POWER STATION  The structure of floating power plant can be divided into 1.floating platform 2.rotor with blades-floating turbine
  12. 12. FLOATING PLATFORM The floating platform gas various functions:  It prevents undesirable materials from entering the rotor of the machine  It is equipped with submerged lateral guides to guide the river water  It permits the adjustment of the height of the equipment above the surface of water
  13. 13. ROTOR WITH BLADES (FLOATING TURBINE)  Floating turbine on the surface of the river with the blades being immersed in the water  The first change is nothing but the displacement of river water proportional to the mass of the floating turbine in its physical space
  14. 14. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS  The recent research has come out with FPP with more sophisticated, light weight, more efficiency and more effective  The latest developments in FPP • Diesel energy • Wind energy • Tidal energy
  15. 15. FPP DIESEL(PHILIPPINES)
  16. 16. SOLAR FPP (JAPAN)
  17. 17. NUCLEAR FPP(RUSSIA)
  18. 18. ADVANTAGES  Independent from soil quality  Fast supply of electricity to areas with limited infrastructure  Provides addition safety in earth quake and flooding areas  Short delivery time  Where land space is limited, large site area not needed
  19. 19. DISADVANTAGES  Infrastructure is costly when working off-shore  The access to installations is critical when working off-shore
  20. 20. CONCLUSION  There are various positive environmental impacts from the construction of fpp  It absorbs and utilizes the energy from nature there by reducing the use of elements which is harmful to nature
  21. 21. REFERENCE  http://www.floatingpowerplant.com/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Powership  http://www.powermag.com/of-floating-power- barges-and-ships/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_floating_nucle ar_power_station  http://spectrum.ieee.org/energywise/energy/renewa bles/japan-building-worlds-largest-floating-solar- power-plant

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