Pronunciation part 1

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Pronunciation part 1

  1. 1. ENGLISH CONSONANTAL SOUNDS VOICELESS VOICED /p/ pin /b/ bin /t/ ten /d/ do /k/ clock /g/ gone /s/ some, peace /z/ zoo, cousin /f/ fan /v/ very /θ/ think /ð/ they /ʃ/ she, sugar /ʒ / television /tʃ/ chocolate /dʒ/ gin, fridge, job /m/ me /n/ no /ŋ/ sing /j/ you /w/ well /h/ hello /l/ love /r/ red 1. Pronunciation of /s/ and /z/ /s/
  2. 2. Usual spellings s – see, smile, hopes ss –class, necessary c before <i, e, y> -city, face Other spellings sc before <i, e > -science, scene se after vowel -house, case se after consonant –false, course x= / ks/-six, taxi /z/ Usual spellings z - zoo, crazy, quiz Other spellings zz - buzz, fuzzy s -is, was, has, his, always s between vowels -easy, reason, music ism -realism, journalism se after vowel – these, cause, use -s-es ending -- plays, goes, comes, girl´s Exceptions: dessert, scissors, posses, dissolves  PRACTICE 1 1- Read the following pairs /s/ /z/ I visited Sue I visited de zoo They are racing horses They are raising horses It´s a nice place to go He plays well. I think they are false I think they´re falls Do you have any plants? Do you have any plans?  Remember 1. /s-/ at the beginning of words is not pronounce/es-/ 2. You have to pronounce the final /-s/  PRACTICE 2 2- Read the following sentences. 1- He sleeps a lot. 3- He´s studying French. 5- He is Spanish. 2- He studies French. 4- She speaks English. 6- She is form Spain 2. Pronunciation of the final “–S -ES ´S” We add: -S -ES -´S 1. To nouns, to form the plural: House / houses; Cat / Cats
  3. 3. 2. To form the possessive case This is the teacher´s bag. 3. To verbs, for the 3rd person singular of the Present Simple I talk / he talks; I play / she plays; I watch / he watches  PRONUNCIATION 1. /IZ/ (1 syllable is added) -After sounds /s, z, tʃ , ʃ, ks, dʒ, ʒ/ (Después de los sonidos) -Spelt : (Que se escriben) s,ss kiss........../s/.........kisses ............../IZ/ James ....../s/.........James´ ............/IZ/ z,zz buzz......../z/ ........ buzzes ............/IZ/ sh,ch, tch wash......./ʃ/ ........washes march...../tʃ/ .........marches ........./IZ/ watch ...../tʃ/ ........ watches x box ......./ks/ ........boxes ........./IZ/ se, ze, ce lose......../s/...........loses size ......./z/ ......... sizes ........../IZ/ dance ..../z/...........dances ge language /dʒ/.........languages......./IZ/ 2. /s/ or /z/ in all other cases  “-s, -es, ´s” = /s/ after voiceless consonants /p, t, k, f, θ/ Stop ..../Stop/........Stops....../s/ Start ..../t/.................starts....../s/
  4. 4. Think ..../k/...............thinks....../s/ Arrive ../f/.................arrives....../s/ Maths.../ θ /.................Maths..../s/  “-s, -es, ´s” = /z/ after voiced consonants /b, d, g, v, m, n, l, ŋ, ð/ and all vowels stay......./stei/ ......stays ......./steiz/ animal.................animals ..../z/ animal.................dogs ........./z/  Attention!! “e” silent except in cases listed in 1. Take....takes.....takes....../teiks/ Smile....smiles....smiles..../smails/ Mike....Mike´s....Mike´s..../Maiks/ Study....studies....studies..../stadis/ ride.......rides.......rides....../raids/ magazine....magazines......magazines....../m g zinz/ Exercises 1. Cross out the “e” in the –es endings when it is not pronounced 1. Gloves 5. Tomatoes 9. Completes 2. Watches 6. Exercises 10. Cigarretes 3. Knives 7. Tomatoes 4. Pages 8. Practices
  5. 5. 2. Add a syllable. Read the questions 1. How many sentences did you write? 5. How many sandwiches did you eat? 2. How many exercises did you do? 6. How many cigarretes did he smoke? 3. How many surprises did you receive? 7. How many pairs of glasses have you got? 4. How many languages do you speak? 3. Write the plural of the nouns and third person singular of the verbs. Write /IZ/ next to the words that add one syllable. Croos out the “e” when it is not pronounced. 1. Word 5. Arrive 9. Minute 2. Ask 6. Science 10. Go 3. Answer 7. Dress 11. Do 4. Go 8. Talk 12. Time 4. Read the text The phone rings: It´s one of Liza´s friends. She invites her to a party. She decides to go. She needs a dress. It´s terrible!! All her clothes are dirty. Actually, she hates doing the laundry. But she takes all the clothes and washes them. She has to iron the dress also and she does it. She goes to the party. She enjoys herself and comes back very late.

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