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GMATSENTENCE CORRECTIONPRONOUN REFERENCE                          Firat Sekerli           GMAT Sentence Correction        ...
What Is a Pronoun? A word that takes the place of a noun, so that  we do not have to repeat that noun  elsewhere in the s...
The Antecedent Must Exist Find the antecedent Watch out for nouns used as adjectives!!! The park rangers discussed meas...
The Antecedent & Pronoun Must MakeSense Together Although the term “supercomputer” may sound  fanciful and exaggerated , ...
The Antecedent Must Be Unambiguous Researchers claim to have developed new  “nano-papers” incorporating tiny cellulose  f...
The Antecedent & Pronoun Must Agree inNumber Confronted by radical changes in production and  distribution, modern Hollyw...
Pronoun CaseSubject    Object     PossessivePronouns   Pronouns   PronounsI          Me         My/MineYou        You     ...
Pronoun Case A pronoun in subject position in one clause  may often be presumed to refer to the  subject of a parallel cl...
The Deadly Five: It, Its, They, Them, Their Find the antecedent, and check its viability.   Sensible   Unambiguous   I...
This, That, These, and Those Do not use this or these in place of nouns. Do not use that or those in place of nouns.  (u...
Sample GMAT Question-1 Although the term “low-fat” is used by nutritionists  and dieticians to describe a food item that ...
Sample GMAT Question-2    The tallest structure in Paris, the designer and engineer of the Eiffel Tower were     two bril...
Sample GMAT Question-3 Iguanas have been an important food source in  Latin America since prehistoric times, and it is  s...
THANK YOU!GOOD LUCK ON YOUR TEST. =)
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GMAT - Sentence Correction - Pronoun Reference

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I hope this will help whoever is preparing for the GMAT. I made these slides for my Sentence Correction class at Studies in American Language at San Jose State University. I would like to thank you Danielle Pelletier. She is a great teacher. You can find her on LinkedIn.

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GMAT - Sentence Correction - Pronoun Reference

  1. 1. GMATSENTENCE CORRECTIONPRONOUN REFERENCE Firat Sekerli GMAT Sentence Correction Instructor: Danielle Pelletier 11/18/2009
  2. 2. What Is a Pronoun? A word that takes the place of a noun, so that we do not have to repeat that noun elsewhere in the sentence. Gasoline has become so expensive that IT now consumes as much as 16% of personal income in some rural areas. Manhattan GMAT Prep
  3. 3. The Antecedent Must Exist Find the antecedent Watch out for nouns used as adjectives!!! The park rangers discussed measures to prevent severe wildfires, which would be devastating to IT. The rangers discussed measures to prevent severe wildfires, which would be devastating to THE PARK. Manhattan GMAT Prep
  4. 4. The Antecedent & Pronoun Must MakeSense Together Although the term “supercomputer” may sound fanciful and exaggerated , IT is simply an extremely fast mainframe that can execute trillions of calculations every second. Although the term “supercomputer” may sound fanciful and exaggerated , IT simply REFERS TO an extremely fast mainframe that can execute trillions of calculations every second. Manhattan GMAT Prep
  5. 5. The Antecedent Must Be Unambiguous Researchers claim to have developed new “nano-papers” incorporating tiny cellulose fibers, which THEY allege give THEM the strength of cast iron. Researchers claim to have developed new “nano-papers” incorporating tiny cellulose fibers, which allegedly give THESE MATERIALS the strength of cast iron. Manhattan GMAT Prep
  6. 6. The Antecedent & Pronoun Must Agree inNumber Confronted by radical changes in production and distribution, modern Hollywood studios are attempting various experiments in an effort to retain ITS status as the primary arbiter of movie consumption. Confronted by radical changes in production and distribution, modern Hollywood studios are attempting various experiments in an effort to retain THEIR status as the primary arbiter of movie consumption. Manhattan GMAT Prep
  7. 7. Pronoun CaseSubject Object PossessivePronouns Pronouns PronounsI Me My/MineYou You Your/YoursHe Him HisShe Her Her/HersIt It ItsWe Us Our/OursThey Them Their/TheirsWho Whom Whose
  8. 8. Pronoun Case A pronoun in subject position in one clause may often be presumed to refer to the subject of a parallel clause - Supernovas destroy their immediate environments in vast explosions, BUT by synthesizing heavy chemical elements, THEY provide the universe with the possibility of biochemistry-based life as we know it. Manhattan GMAT Prep
  9. 9. The Deadly Five: It, Its, They, Them, Their Find the antecedent, and check its viability.  Sensible  Unambiguous  In agreement with the pronoun Whenever a student calls, take down THEIR information. Whenever a student calls, take down HIS or HER information. Whenever students call, take down THEIR information. Manhattan GMAT Prep
  10. 10. This, That, These, and Those Do not use this or these in place of nouns. Do not use that or those in place of nouns. (unless you modify that or those) Use it, they or them. Wrong: Her products are unusual; many consider THESE unique. Right: Her products are unusual; many consider THEM unique. Manhattan GMAT Prep
  11. 11. Sample GMAT Question-1 Although the term “low-fat” is used by nutritionists and dieticians to describe a food item that meets any of a wide variety of criteria, legally it is a product that is scientifically verified to contain less than three grams of fat per serving.a) it is a product that isb) it refers to a product that is (correct)c) it is in reference to productsd) it is a producte) they are products that are www.knewton.com
  12. 12. Sample GMAT Question-2 The tallest structure in Paris, the designer and engineer of the Eiffel Tower were two brilliant architects, Maurice Koechlin and Gustave Eiffel, whose innovative safety precautions would earn him credit for saving many lives.a) The tallest structure in Paris, the designer and engineer of the Eiffel Tower were two brilliant architects, Maurice Koechlin and Gustave Eiffel, whose innovative safety precautions would earn him credit for saving many lives.b) The tallest structure in Paris, two brilliant architects, Maurice Koechlin and Gustave Eiffel, whose innovative safety precautions would earn him credit for saving many lives, were the designer and engineer of the Eiffel Tower.c) The tallest structure in Paris, the Eiffel Tower was designed and engineered by two brilliant architects, Gustave Eiffel, whose innovative safety precautions would earn him credit for saving many lives, and Maurice Koechlin. (correct)d) The Eiffel Tower was designed and engineered by two brilliant architects, Maurice Koechlin and Gustave Eiffel, whose innovative safety precautions would earn him credit for saving many lives, and is the tallest structure in Paris.e) The designer and engineer being two brilliant architects, Maurice Koechlin and Gustave Eiffel, whose innovative safety precautions would earn him credit for saving many lives, the Eiffel Tower is the tallest structure in Paris. www.knewton.com
  13. 13. Sample GMAT Question-3 Iguanas have been an important food source in Latin America since prehistoric times, and it is still prized as a game animal by the campesinos, who typically cook the meat in a heavily spiced stew.a) it is still prized as a game animalb) it is still prized as game animalsc) they are still prized as game animals (correct)d) they are still prized as being a game animale) being still prized as a game animal GMAT Verbal Review 2nd Edition
  14. 14. THANK YOU!GOOD LUCK ON YOUR TEST. =)

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