F.L.Lucas views on the Tragic Hero
Name: Sejal Chauhan
Paper No: 3- Literary Theory & Criticism
Roll No: 31
Submitted to :Smt.S.B.Gardi, Department of
English M.K.Bhavanagar University.
THE MEANING OF HAMARTIA , ACCORDING TO
Aristotle’s doctrine of the hamartia
has,according to Lucas, been generally
The words used by Aristotle means simply a
Critics interpreted hamartia as a moral
weakness or a sin.
SOME INNOCENT VICTIMS OF DISASTER IN
THE CASE OF SOME SHAKESPEAREAN TRAGIC
Julius Caesar- Brutus
HUMAN ERROR RESPONSIBLE IN THE BEST
KIND OF TRAGEDY
Tragedy is a story of human blindness
leading human effort error to defeat.
Tragedy result from human error.
The word hamartia means tragic error.
The error may or may not be moral.
ARISTOTLE’S NARROW VIEW OF THE TRAGIC
Lucas says that Aristotle demanded that the
character of the tragic hero should not be too
This formula, says Lucas, is too narrow.
PERFECT CHARACTERS NOT SUITABLE AS
We can agree with Aristotle’s principle that
heroes and heroines should not, as a rule, be
The objection to perfect characters is not that
their misfortunes are unbearable.
It is rather that they tend to be unbearable
themselves because of the excessive goodness
which they possess.
It is human beings that we need in tragedy,not
ARISTOTLE’S UNFAIR VIEW OF WOMEN
We cannot agree with Aristotle’s view that
women in general are inferior character,
though Aristotle admits at the same time
even a woman may be a fine character.
Wonderful women as Cassandra, Antigone,
Phaedra, and Medea.