TOPIC
ECO-CRITICISM
• Name:- Sejal Chauhan
• Paper:- 7 – Literary Theory & Criticism
• Roll No:- 28
• M.A. Part-1 Sem-2
• ...
What is Eco-Criticism ?
• Eco-Criticism is the study of the relationship
between literature and the physical environment.
...
Pollution and
Apocalypse
Ex- Silent Spring
by
Rachel Carson
Pastoral and
Wilderness
Ex- Heart of
Darkness
By
Joseph Conrad...
Ecocritics ask questions like:
(1)How is
nature
represented
in this
sonnet?
(2) What role
does the
physical
setting play i...
(4) How do our
metaphors of
the land
influence the
way we treat it?
(5) How can we
characterize
nature writing
as a genre?
In addition to race ,
class, and gender,
should place
become a new
critical category?
Do men write
about nature
differentl...
Interconnect
ion
Nature
Culture
Share
Human
culture
connected
Physical
world
Affected it
& affected
by it Ecolo
gical
Critici
sm
(1) How Women are
represented in
literature.
(2) The important
function of
consciousness raising
as it rediscovers,
reissu...
• We know that we are facing a global crisis
today, not because of how eco systems
function but rather because of how our ...
• Gerard Manley Hopkins:
“What would the world be, once bereft
Of wet and of wildness? Let them be left,
O let them be lef...
Examples
• James Thomson’s The Seasons and in the widely
practiced genre called nature writing.
• Gilbert White’s Natural ...
Examples
 Joni Adamson’s ,
• American Indian Literature
• Environmental Justice
• Ecocriticism: The Middle Place.
 Donel...
 Some books that were important in the founding and
development of ecocriticism.
• Leo Marx, The Machine in the Garden: T...
conclusion
• Eco critics encourage others to think seriously
about the relationship of humans to nature,
about the ethical...
Thank you
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Eco Criticism

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Eco Criticism

  1. 1. TOPIC ECO-CRITICISM • Name:- Sejal Chauhan • Paper:- 7 – Literary Theory & Criticism • Roll No:- 28 • M.A. Part-1 Sem-2 • Year:- 2013-15 • Submitted to:- Smt. S.B.Gardi Department of English M.K.Bhavnagar University.
  2. 2. What is Eco-Criticism ? • Eco-Criticism is the study of the relationship between literature and the physical environment. • Just as feminist criticism examines language and literature from a gender conscious perspective, and Marxist criticism brings an awareness of modes of production and economic class to its reading of texts, eco-criticism takes an earth centered approach to literary studies.
  3. 3. Pollution and Apocalypse Ex- Silent Spring by Rachel Carson Pastoral and Wilderness Ex- Heart of Darkness By Joseph Conrad Dwelling and The Earth Ex- Dwelling Places by Vinita Hampt Animals and Plants(flora and fauna) Ex- Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe
  4. 4. Ecocritics ask questions like: (1)How is nature represented in this sonnet? (2) What role does the physical setting play in the plot of this novel? (3) Are the values expressed in this play consistent with ecological wisdom?
  5. 5. (4) How do our metaphors of the land influence the way we treat it? (5) How can we characterize nature writing as a genre?
  6. 6. In addition to race , class, and gender, should place become a new critical category? Do men write about nature differently than women do? In what ways has literary itself affected humankind’s relationship to the natural world? How has the concept of wilderness changed overtime?
  7. 7. Interconnect ion Nature Culture
  8. 8. Share Human culture connected Physical world Affected it & affected by it Ecolo gical Critici sm
  9. 9. (1) How Women are represented in literature. (2) The important function of consciousness raising as it rediscovers, reissues and reconsiders literature by Women. (1) How nature is represented in literature. (2) Eco criticism reconsiders neglected genre of nature writing. (3) Questions about the symbolic construction of gender and sexuality within literary discourse. (3) Eco critics includes examining the symbolic construction of species. How has literary discourse defined the human? Feminism and Eco criticism
  10. 10. • We know that we are facing a global crisis today, not because of how eco systems function but rather because of how our ethical system function. • It requires understanding those ethical systems and using that understanding to reform them.
  11. 11. • Gerard Manley Hopkins: “What would the world be, once bereft Of wet and of wildness? Let them be left, O let them be left, wildness and wet; Long live the weeds and the wildeness yet.”
  12. 12. Examples • James Thomson’s The Seasons and in the widely practiced genre called nature writing. • Gilbert White’s Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne. • Henry David Thoreau’s Walden. • Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring ,concerning the devastation inflicted by newly developed chemical pesticides on wildlife, both on land and in water.
  13. 13. Examples  Joni Adamson’s , • American Indian Literature • Environmental Justice • Ecocriticism: The Middle Place.  Donelle N. Dreese’s • Ecocriticism: Creating Self and Place in Environmental • American Indian Literature
  14. 14.  Some books that were important in the founding and development of ecocriticism. • Leo Marx, The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America (1964) • Roderick Frazier Nash, Wilderness and the American Mind • Donald Worster, Nature’s Economy: A History of Ecological Ideas (1977) • John Elder, Imagining the Earth: Poetry and the Vision of Nature (1985) • Robert Pogue Harrison, Forests: The Shadow of Civilization (1992) • Lawrence Buell, The Environmental Imagination • Thoreau’s , Nature Writing, and the Formation of American Culture (1995).
  15. 15. conclusion • Eco critics encourage others to think seriously about the relationship of humans to nature, about the ethical and aesthetic dilemmas posed by the environmental crisis and about how language and literature transmit values with profound ecological implications.
  16. 16. Thank you

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