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Embryology in the Holy Quran

This presentation contains information about Embryology according to teaching of Quran. It includes stages of developmental process .

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Embryology in the Holy Quran
EMBRYOLOGYEMBRYOLOGY
IN THEIN THE
HOLY QUR’ANHOLY QUR’AN
Presented ByPresented By
Sehar Mangi (B.Ed II)Sehar Mangi (B.Ed II)
Sukkur IBASukkur IBA
Outline
• Historical Background
• Embryology in the Holy Qur'an
• Qur'anic description of developmental stages
• Conclusion
• Refernces
Historical background
• Scientists at that time of prophet (PBUH) believed that man wasScientists at that time of prophet (PBUH) believed that man was
created from drop of bloodcreated from drop of blood
• Until the 18Until the 18thth
century there were two theories:century there were two theories:
1- It was assumed by Aristotle that a full dwarf1- It was assumed by Aristotle that a full dwarf
embryo exists in Male's semenembryo exists in Male's semen
2- Full dwarf embryo created out of the Female’s2- Full dwarf embryo created out of the Female’s
blood coagulationblood coagulation
Embryology in the Holy Qura’n
)13-14(
““What is the matter with you, that ye are not conscious ofWhat is the matter with you, that ye are not conscious of
Allah’s majesty,- Seeing that it is He that has createdAllah’s majesty,- Seeing that it is He that has created
you in diverse stages"you in diverse stages" (71: 13-14)(71: 13-14)
(2 )
“We created man from a drop of a mingled fluid-dropWe created man from a drop of a mingled fluid-drop
(nutfa amshaj), in order to try him: so We gave him(nutfa amshaj), in order to try him: so We gave him
(the gifts), of hearing and sight.”(the gifts), of hearing and sight.” (76:2).(76:2).
““NutfaNutfa”” in Arabic means “very little water”in Arabic means “very little water”
““Amshaj”Amshaj” means “mingling ”means “mingling ”

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Embryology in the Holy Quran

  • 2. EMBRYOLOGYEMBRYOLOGY IN THEIN THE HOLY QUR’ANHOLY QUR’AN Presented ByPresented By Sehar Mangi (B.Ed II)Sehar Mangi (B.Ed II) Sukkur IBASukkur IBA
  • 3. Outline • Historical Background • Embryology in the Holy Qur'an • Qur'anic description of developmental stages • Conclusion • Refernces
  • 4. Historical background • Scientists at that time of prophet (PBUH) believed that man wasScientists at that time of prophet (PBUH) believed that man was created from drop of bloodcreated from drop of blood • Until the 18Until the 18thth century there were two theories:century there were two theories: 1- It was assumed by Aristotle that a full dwarf1- It was assumed by Aristotle that a full dwarf embryo exists in Male's semenembryo exists in Male's semen 2- Full dwarf embryo created out of the Female’s2- Full dwarf embryo created out of the Female’s blood coagulationblood coagulation
  • 5. Embryology in the Holy Qura’n )13-14( ““What is the matter with you, that ye are not conscious ofWhat is the matter with you, that ye are not conscious of Allah’s majesty,- Seeing that it is He that has createdAllah’s majesty,- Seeing that it is He that has created you in diverse stages"you in diverse stages" (71: 13-14)(71: 13-14)
  • 6. (2 ) “We created man from a drop of a mingled fluid-dropWe created man from a drop of a mingled fluid-drop (nutfa amshaj), in order to try him: so We gave him(nutfa amshaj), in order to try him: so We gave him (the gifts), of hearing and sight.”(the gifts), of hearing and sight.” (76:2).(76:2). ““NutfaNutfa”” in Arabic means “very little water”in Arabic means “very little water” ““Amshaj”Amshaj” means “mingling ”means “mingling ”
  • 7. .7-8(. ““He It is Who created all things in the best wayHe It is Who created all things in the best way and began the creation of man from clay,and began the creation of man from clay, and made his progeny from an extract ofand made his progeny from an extract of despised fluid (Sulalah) ”despised fluid (Sulalah) ” (32: 7-8(32: 7-8((
  • 8. ( 5-6 ( ““So, let man consider of what he was created .So, let man consider of what he was created . He was created of gushing water ”He was created of gushing water ” (86: 5-6((86: 5-6(
  • 9. Qura’nic description of stagesQura’nic description of stages 14( ““then of that fluid-drop (nutfa) We created a leech-like clot"then of that fluid-drop (nutfa) We created a leech-like clot" (23:14) .(23:14) .  AlaqaAlaqa, in Arabic, has several meanings: , in Arabic, has several meanings:   1- A leech that lives in ponds and sucks the blood of other1- A leech that lives in ponds and sucks the blood of other creatures.creatures. 2- A thing attached or clings to something else.2- A thing attached or clings to something else. 3- Clotted or coagulated blood3- Clotted or coagulated blood.
  • 11. Mudgha StageMudgha Stage Scientifically the embryo is transformed from theScientifically the embryo is transformed from the stage of alaqa to the stage of mudgha on the 24thstage of alaqa to the stage of mudgha on the 24th day to the 26th day.day to the 26th day. (14) ““then We changed the Alaqa (leech-like clot( into athen We changed the Alaqa (leech-like clot( into a Mudgha (chewed-like lump( ” (23: 14(.Mudgha (chewed-like lump( ” (23: 14(.
  • 13. Stage of bonesStage of bones A cartilaginous skeleton starts to spread in the body. TransformationA cartilaginous skeleton starts to spread in the body. Transformation from thefrom the mudghamudgha form to the beginning of the skeleton form occurs in aform to the beginning of the skeleton form occurs in a very short period of time at the end of the 6th week and the beginning ofvery short period of time at the end of the 6th week and the beginning of the 7th week.the 7th week. Muscle stage This stage, which starts at the end of theThis stage, which starts at the end of the 7th week and ends at the end of the 8th week7th week and ends at the end of the 8th week
  • 14. Embryo stage and Foetus stageEmbryo stage and Foetus stage Scientific facts: - By the end of the 8th week, a new stage starts. The rate of developing accelerates compared with the previous one. - Between the 9th and 12th week, the embryo starts to transform into another creature, as the sizes of head, body and limbs start to be balanced and regular. - By the 16th week , it becomes a Foetus.
  • 15. 14( ““And clothed the bones with flesh; then WeAnd clothed the bones with flesh; then We developed out of it another creature. Sodeveloped out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the best to create.” (23: 14)blessed be Allah, the best to create.” (23: 14)
  • 16. Embryonic stageEmbryonic stage TheThe image of embryo does not look like humansimage of embryo does not look like humans Foetus stageFoetus stage(( another creature’ ) 16th week ( 112 days)another creature’ ) 16th week ( 112 days) Eyebrows, eyelashes and fine hair appear. The foetus can grasp with his hands, kick, orEyebrows, eyelashes and fine hair appear. The foetus can grasp with his hands, kick, or even somersault. here the unborn baby is sucking his thumbeven somersault. here the unborn baby is sucking his thumb
  • 17. Sense of hearing and sightSense of hearing and sight The sense of hearing develops afterThe sense of hearing develops after 24 weeks .24 weeks . The fetus can respond toThe fetus can respond to sound from both inside and outside the uterussound from both inside and outside the uterus The sense of sight develops later afterThe sense of sight develops later after 26 weeks.26 weeks. The eyes of theThe eyes of the embryoembryo become partially open and can perceive light.become partially open and can perceive light.
  • 18. Protection of the embryo and FoetusProtection of the embryo and Foetus 66(( ““He creates you in the wombs of your mothers in stages, oneHe creates you in the wombs of your mothers in stages, one after another, in three veils of darkness.”after another, in three veils of darkness.” (39:6).(39:6).
  • 19. ConclusionConclusion • It is evident that these Quranic verses give an accurate description ofIt is evident that these Quranic verses give an accurate description of the main stages the embryo encounters during creation and formationthe main stages the embryo encounters during creation and formation until delivery.until delivery. • It is noticed that these changes coincide with the remarks of modernIt is noticed that these changes coincide with the remarks of modern embryology, and truly expresses the external phenomena of changesembryology, and truly expresses the external phenomena of changes that result from the internal changes.that result from the internal changes. • This proves the miraculous nature of the Quran, which cannot beThis proves the miraculous nature of the Quran, which cannot be revealed except from the Almighty Allahrevealed except from the Almighty Allah
  • 20. REFERENCESREFERENCES • Manual of Islamiat A.D.E (II) Sukkur IBAManual of Islamiat A.D.E (II) Sukkur IBA • Sindh Text book Of 9 ClassSindh Text book Of 9 Class