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Islamic aqidah Belief in Unseen Matters

1st year 2nd sem presentation

Islamic aqidah Belief in Unseen Matters

  1. 1. The Concept Of Unseen In The Qur'an
  2. 2. 1) Belief in the Unseen is central to the message of the Qur’an. “This is the Book; in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who fear Allah; who believe in the Unseen, are steadfast in prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them.” (Surah al-Baqarah: 2-3). 2) No one can know the unseen except Allah. “No one in the heavens and the earth knows the Unseen except Allah.' They are not aware of when they will be raised. No, their knowledge respecting the hereafter is slight and hasty. In fact they have doubts about it. In fact they are blind to it.” (Surat an-Naml, 65-66).
  3. 3. Meaning of : Sam’iyyat  Things that cannot be described by human senses and can only be known through the al-Quran and al-Hadith. Ghaybiyyat  Unseen things are outside the purview of our sight or physical senses, and do not affect our life in any direct manner.
  4. 4. The belief in Angels (Mala’ikah, Malak)
  5. 5. Belief in angels is one of the pillars of faith. * Messenger Angels with wings – two, three and four. “Praise be to Allah, the Bringer into Being of the heavens and earth, He Who made the angels messengers, with wings – two, three or four. He adds to creation in any way He wills. Allah has power over all things.” They never sleep, not born or give birth Have no passion nor lust They never disobey Allah and His commands. (Surah Fatir, 1)
  6. 6. * The names of angels and their duties Names Duties Jibrail (Gabriel) To transmit the Word of God Mikail (Michael) To administer life process (controlling rain, and distributing fortune such as food, nourishment and knowledge to all living creatures, particularly to mankind, whether believers or unbelievers. Israfil (Seraphil) Blow his trumpet on three occasions: firstly to signal the calamity; secondly, when the earthly world has vanished altogether; and finally, on the day when the dead are resurrected to receive the Final Judgment. Izrail (Azrael) Taking the soul away from living beings. Raqib To write down record good deeds. Atid To write down record bad deeds. Munkar To examine the dead in their graves Nakir To examine the dead in their graves Malik To guard Hellfire Ridwan To guard Paradise
  7. 7. ANOTHER UNSEEN CREATURES : JINN
  8. 8. Iblis is one of the Jinn who choose disbelief, idolatry and disobedience of their Lord. Iblis is said a proper name of Satan. The Arabic iblis comes from ablasa, meaning, “to despair, give up hope. They cannot be seen and some of them are believers and some infidel. Actually, Iblis lived in heaven with the angel, but was then cursed and banished from heaven.
  9. 9. Jinn are created out of fire and take a beautiful and ugly appearance “We created the jinn before out of the fire of a searing wind.” They possess intellect, eat, drink and sleep, marry and can have children. On earth, jinn occupy haunted places, such as hills, caves, rivers, rocks, trees, certain lands, long unoccupied houses, certain bath houses, wells, bridges, lakes and others. Those who deny the jinn actually deny the Qur’an. They are denying that there exists beyond the material world an unseen world that has its own properties. (Surat al-Hijr, 27).
  10. 10. Spirit ( Ruh )
  11. 11. Man is composed of Spirit and Body. All spirits after death do return to their creator, and are called to account for their acts both righteous and evil. They are sent either to the gardens of bliss or condemned to the fire of Hell. Islam considers spirit and body to be two realities opposed to each other.
  12. 12. Death, which is the separation of the spirit from the body, introduces man to another stage of life in which felicity or disappointment depends upon good or evil deeds in the stage of life before death. The Holy Prophet has said: "You have been created for subsistence, not annihilation. What happens is that you will be transferred from one house to another."
  13. 13. * Barzakh is an Arabic word meaning "obstacle", "hindrance", "separation" or "barrier". Generally viewed as the barrier between the physical and spiritual worlds, in which the soul awaits after death and before resurrection on Qiyamah (Judgement Day). After death, they go through the questioning in the grave and then experience a second life in the barzakh. The questioning is nothing other than the exposure of the reality of the state of their nafs (soul).
  14. 14. AJAL (DEATH, THE APPOINTED TIME) OF HUMAN DESTINY
  15. 15. Death is inevitable for all creations include man. All living beings will die at their appointed time, fixed by Allah. Death will come to all who are in the world at the time appointed in accordance with his word which means, "Every soul must taste death, and you will be brought back to Us The form of death can be natural or unnatural. Property, status, wealth, fame and glory that humans have nothing to prevent the death. (for judgment)." (Surat al-'Ankabut: 57)
  16. 16. Interrogation in the grave
  17. 17. A couple of angels, called munkar wa nakir, would carry out this interrogation. They will ask about the creator, religion and the Prophet. (“Who is your Lord?”, “What is your religion?”, “Who is this man who was sent among you?”, “What was the source of your knowledge?”).
  18. 18. Hell and Paradise
  19. 19. Hell Hell-fire is the abode of punishment and penalty (dar al-‘azab wa al-‘iqab) reserved for disbelievers (kafirun), transgressors and evil-doers (‘usah, sing. ‘asi). Hell Fire has different names in Islamic texts. Each name gives a separate description. Some of its names are: Name Jaheem because of its blazing fire. Jahannam because of the depth of its pit. Saqar because of the intensity of its heat. Haawiyah because the one who is thrown into it is thrown from top to bottom.
  20. 20. Paradise Paradise (al-jannah) literally means “garden” (bustan). Technically, it is the abode of reward and blessing prepared by God for believers. “Their reward with Allah will be gardens of perpetual residence Beneath Which rivers flow, wherein They will abide forever, Allah being pleased with Them and They with Him. That is for whoever has Feared his Lord.” The names of heavens : Firdaus, 'Adn, Na'iim, Na'wa, Darussalaam, Daarul Muaqaamah, Al- MuqqamulAmin and Khuldi. (Surat Al-Bayyinah : 8)
  21. 21. * Punishment in hellfire  The blazing fire of Hell is fueled "with men and stones." “...fear the Fire whose fuel is men and stones,- which is prepared for those who reject Faith" (2:24).  Will be given boiling water to drink. “In front of such a one is Hell, and he is given, for drink, boiling fetid water" (14:16).  Whereas the rewards of Heaven include plentiful, fresh fruits and milk, the inhabitants of Hell will eat from the Tree of Zaqqum. The Quran describes it: “Verily, the tree of deadly fruit will be the food of the sinful. Like molten lead will it boil in the belly, like the boiling of burning despair" (44:43-46).
  22. 22. * Some of the Bounties in Paradise The people in the Jannah would be similar in shape and height, etc. There would be no differences between them. Dressed in fine silk and also in thick silk. Marry to houris (female fair ones) with wide and lovely eyes. Call therein for every kind of fruit in peace and security
  23. 23. Conclusion
  24. 24. The main goal in the belief in unseen matters is to test the faith of every Muslim to the Almighty. It cannot be achieved by the human mind which limited and short life. Every Muslim must believe in the existence of unseen matters that can not be disputed although can not be seen clearly through the eye sight. For those who not believe, the person's faith become fragile because not believe there will be things supernatural knowledge of God.

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