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The lost wheel


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Presentazione a cura della classe 4^ B Geometri, dell'Istituto Vincenzo Capirola di Leno, a.s. 2012/2013

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The lost wheel

  1. 1. THE LOST WHEEL The wheel-water- mills around Leno
  2. 2. • The wheel-water-mills • Around Leno • The mills Index
  3. 3. The wheel-water-mills  What: they are types of rural buildings  When: they were built during the Middle Age  Where: around Europe  Function: they were important for the rural economy and for the food supply  Problems: the use of water. It was public and it was owned by the Council, so there were rules which had to be followed by the private owners of the mills. During summer for example the water had to be used for the irrigation of the fields, and so it was not used by the mills.
  4. 4. Around Leno In 1820 around Leno there were seven wheel-water mills, four of them were public and three ones were private. All the mills around Leno have been listed in the Napoleonic terrier. The public mills were rented by private people every three years and the cost of the rent used to vary according to the annual cost of the cereals.
  5. 5. Around Leno The millers had always to guarantee high quality flours or rice. Their work was not paid with money but it used to be paid with the fifth part of the harvest. The millers had to mill the grains to everybody, they had to maintain the buildings clean, the machinery efficient, the water of the mill pond clear, they could not work on Sundays. Grinder detail
  6. 6. The Mills Numberon the Napoleonic terrier Owners Type Description 2094 Council Leno One-wheel Water mill It was also used to mill the rice. Demolished in 1925 2667 Council Leno Two-wheel water mill Existing 746 Martinengo Bale Vinceslao e Federico Three-wheel water mill It was near a farm, it used to mill corn, wheat, oat, barley, Rice. Existing 2348 Council Leno Two-wheel water mill, it had an oil press It was used to grain also linseed. Demolished in 1939 2590 Council Leno Three-wheel water mill Demolished. 3179 12 Council Leno One-wheel water mill, it had an oil press. Existing 1837 Council Leno Two-wheel water mill Existing
  7. 7. The Mills As we can see from the table some wheel-water-mills have disappeared, new buildings have replaced the ancient mills but the names of the streets remind that in the past there used to be wheel-water-mills there (for example Via Mulino di Sopra). Some Mills have been converted into something different, they have lost their former function and they have been reused as stores, some of them have been abandoned and are going to decay.