Spanish America - Key Terms

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Spanish America - Key Terms

  1. 1. By: Hyunju Bin, LizzyFaeth, Sharon Gao, Tanner Murray, and Michele Scherf<br />Spanish America: Key Terms<br />
  2. 2. An economy relying on one major export or natural resource to bring most of the currency into the country<br />Monoeconomy <br />
  3. 3. A form of governance in which all power flows directly from the leader; this constitutes essentially the blending of the public and private sectors<br />These regimes are autocratic or oligarchic and exclude the upper and middle classes from power; leaders have absolute power<br />Armies are loyal to the leaders, not the nation<br />Patrimonialism <br />
  4. 4. Chain of missions established by the Francisan monks in the Spanish southwest that forced Indians to convert to Catholicism and work as agricultural laborers<br />Mission System<br />
  5. 5. Grant from the Spanish Crown allowing a colonist in America to demand tribute/forced labor from Indian inhabitants<br />Encomienda<br />
  6. 6. A labor institution in colonial Spanish – America in which a royal judge made a temporary allotment of Indian for a given task; replaced encomiendu. <br />Repartimiento <br />
  7. 7. Ruler’s principal representative in the New World (ex: Columbus) <br />1st viceroy of New Spain = Antonio le Mendozu 1535 Mexico City. <br />Viceroy<br />
  8. 8. White Europeans who later came to the new world<br />Peninsulares<br />
  9. 9. Whites born in the Spanish American Empire<br />Gained citizenship from both empires<br />Creoles<br />
  10. 10. People of mixed European and Native American descent. <br />Mestizos had fewer rights than Peninsular and Criollos (persons born in the New World of two European-born parents) but more rights that Indios and Negros. <br />Mestizos<br />
  11. 11. A person mixed of black and white ancestry. <br />Mulattoes<br />
  12. 12. Mexican and African mix. Cimarron (fugitives) that fled to the mountains and formed their own settlements. <br />Palenques (Cumbes)<br />

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