Advanced R&E NetworkingApplications:<br />TODAY<br />TV-Quality Videoconferencing<br />Gigabyte-class data sets among small research groups<br />Limited access to remote scientific instruments<br />TOMORROW<br />Uncompressed HDTV and gigapixel displays<br />Terabyte-class data sets among global research groups<br />Routine, reliable, and discipline wide access to remote scientific instruments<br />
High Speed Videoconferencing <br /><ul><li>High-Quality: High performance networks allow for richer, more natural audio and video quality.
Low Latency: No lip synch issues, can use for foreign language, remote music instruction, etc.
Real Time Interactive Collaboration: Learning objects can be manipulated in real time.
Easy Entry Point: IP Videoconferencing is versatile and an easy way to get started.</li></ul>MegaconferenceJr.<br />Read Around the Planet<br />Physics Master Classes<br />
It’s more than just videoconferencing!<br />Digital Library Resources<br />Remote Instrumentation<br />Networked Instrumentation<br />Medical Simulation<br />Distributed Collaboratories<br />
Types of Applications<br />Internet2 applications require enhanced networking functionality—such as high bandwidth, low latency (delay) and jitter, and multicast—not available on our commercial Internet connections. <br />5<br />
Example applications:<br />Grid computing<br />Telemedicine<br />Astronomy<br />Tele-immersion<br />Music<br />Digital Video<br />Tele-Operation of Remote Equipment<br />6<br />
Using the network as a "backplane" to build network-wide computation and data services. <br />It enables scientific exploration, which requires intensive computation and analysis of shared large-scale databases, from hundreds of TeraBytes to PetaBytes, across widely distributed scientific communities. <br />7<br />The Grid project<br />
8<br />The two biggest centers<br />For Particle Physics<br />Fermilab near Chicago<br />CERN in Geneva<br />
Telemedicine<br />During a surgery performed at Ohio State University, Abilene was used to conference with doctors from other parts of the country.<br />An MRI machine can scan a patient in one location and send the data to a remote supercomputer for processing, and then deliver the resulting images to a doctor in a third location.<br />10<br />
Radio Astronomy<br />Electronic transmission of Very Long Baseline Interferometry (e-VLBI) data from the Haystack's Westford Observatory and NASA's Goddard Geophysical and Astronomical Observatory, which were streamed over Internet2's Abilene Network to the Haystack correlator at 512 Mbps. <br />The live results were displayed in a 3D plot (correlation amplitude, differential Doppler, differential delay) in Pittsburgh as the data were correlated. <br />12<br />
Tele-immersion<br />Tele-immersion creates coordinated, partially simulated environments at geographically distributed sites so that users can collaborate as if they were in the same physical room. <br />In the case of medical applications, such as tele-radiology and urgent diagnostics, the availability of such technologies in the places that are physically inaccessible to specialists could potentially save the lives. Off-shore ships and oil rigs are good examples of such environments.<br />14<br />
The participants in this session were not only able to see each other in 3D but they were also able to engage in collaborative work, and take part in a design process (a simple example of interior office design)<br />
Synthetic Worlds<br />Otherwise known as massive multiplayer interactive games<br />Over 5 million “inhabitants” today<br />Doubling every 18 months<br />About 2% of the Internet-connected population age 14-28 spend more time in the synthetic world than in the real world<br />Linked to the real world<br />Physical artifacts like playing cards<br />Ebay auctions for “money” and resources<br />Real people make real money<br />
Undersea Oceanography<br />Images National Geographic<br />