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V. Ciornea - Institute of Applied Physics of the Academy of Science of Moldava


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The SEENET-MTP Workshop JW2011
Scientific and Human Legacy of Julius Wess
27-28 August 2011, Donji Milanovac, Serbia

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V. Ciornea - Institute of Applied Physics of the Academy of Science of Moldava

  1. 1. Academy of Sciences of Moldova INSTITUTE OF APPLIED PHYSICS Donji Milanovac, 2011
  2. 2. Foundation• The Institute of Applied Physics (IAP) - the largestscientific physical institution in the Republic ofMoldova• Founded in 1964. Academician Boris LAZARENKO (1910-1979) The first director of the Institute, inventor, researcher, laureate of the USSR State Prize for the invention of the Electrical discharge machining (EDM), the founder of the IAP Experimental Plant - the 1970-1980 USSR monopolist in EDM systems.
  3. 3. HistoryThe Institute has been known to the world scientificcommunity for its fundamental and appliedinvestigations since its establishment thanks to theschools:• of Crystallography (acad. T. Malinowski)• of Electrochemistry (acad. Yu. Petrov)• of Physics of Semiconducting Materials (acad. S.Radautsan)• of Kinetic Physics (acad. V. Kowarski).Today the Institute is proud to have acad. S.Moskalenko and acad. V. Moskalenko as the headsof the theoretical physics schools of Solid State Theoryand of Nuclear Physics; acad. A. Andriesh as thehead of the school of Physics of Noncrystalline
  4. 4. Present The Institute has 13 laboratories:• Physics of Ternary and Multinary Compounds• Materials and Structures for Solar EnergyConversion• Physical Methods of Solid State Investigation• Mechanical Properties of Materials• Hydrodynamic Processes and Electro-floatation• Electrochemical Treatment of Materials• Electrical Methods to Control Thermal Processes• Electroerosion for Treatment of Materials andProtection against Corrosion• Theory of Semiconductors and QuantumElectronics• Statistical and Nuclear Physics• Photoelectric Properties of Semiconductors• Registration Media and Photonics
  5. 5. StaffCurrently the Institute employs 225 persons, among them 156 researchers: 27 doctors-habilitate and professors 72 doctors 6 ASM academicians 3 ASM corresponding members 52 young scientists (under 35) 18 post-graduate students
  6. 6. Infrastructure Xcalibur Nanotester Solar diffractometer PMT3-NI Cellfrom Oxford Diffraction Tester ST1000
  7. 7. Main research areas• Physics of condensed matter, atoms and nuclei• Semiconductor materials, including nano-materials• Quantum optics and electronics• Development of multifunctional electronic andoptoelectronic devices, of new technologies• Using electric fields to intensify heat- and masstransfer• Modification of surfaces of materials by electro-
  8. 8. Ground-based solar radiation monitoring station The IAP carries out research of the atmospheric optical phenomena, optical and microphysical properties of atmospheric aerosols, solar and atmosphere radiation within the spectral range from ultraviolet to far-infrared margin of spectrum, and the total column ozone content in an atmosphere. In 2003 a ground-based monitoring station (unique in the region) was registered in the Global Atmosphere Watch Station Information System as a Regional fixed station in WMO RA VI – Europe. Data on solar radiation and total column
  9. 9. The Journal of the Institute -F act ac p to Im r 0,356
  10. 10. Organization of ConferencesEvery other year the IAP holds International conferences in Materials Science and Condensed Matter Physics MSCMP 2012 conference will be organized in
  11. 11. Funding through international programs U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation Science and Technology Center in Ukraine German Federal Ministry of Education and Research Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research International Association for promotion of research Russian Foundation for Basic Research Belarusian Foundation for Fundamental
  12. 12. Cooperation with international centres
  13. 13. Most cited articles published in past 5 years On average, the IAP publishes over 100 papers in journals with IF, which makes up 40-45% of all publications of Moldovan scientists in journals with IF. The papers are cited 4.5-5 times (on average). Of all citations ofANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, 46 (18): 3278 2007. publications of Moldovan researchers those of IAP>180 specialists make up 45-50%.CHEMICAL COMMUNICATIONS, 14: 1488 2006. >155JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 130 (5): 1560 2008.>85POLYHEDRON, 25 (5): 1215 2006. >75JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 129 (33): 100762007. >65JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 130 (12): 3768 2008.>55PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 96 (15): 157202 2006. >50EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 41 (11): 1253 2006.>45ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, 44 (44): 8446 2008.>45
  14. 14. Some results highlighted by foreign editorsThe latest is the review article by A. Palii, B. Tsukerblat, S. Klokishner,K.R. Dunbar, J.M. Clemente-Juan, E. Coronado Beyond the spin model:exchange coupling in molecular magnets with unquenched orbitalangular momenta in Chemical Society Reviews 40, 2011, 3130-3156(IF - 20.09).
  15. 15. Vanguard of Moldovan Theoretical •Physicsexcitons and biexcitons Theory of of high density in semiconductor structures with different dimensions in the presence of a laser irradiation and a strong magnetic field • Study of nonlinear coherent propagation of light in crystals, thin films, guides, optic fibres and in systems for transmitting quantic information • Theoretical study of properties of new materials in normal and superconducting states • Development of fundamental Academicians, problems of the theory of nuclearbrothers Sveatoslav reactions initiated by particles and and Vsevolod heavy ions, study of nuclear excitationMoskalenko, born in structure, elaboration of applied 1928 methods for simulation of the
  16. 16. Theoretical physics: Current directions• Theoretical aspects of molecular magnetism and theJahn-Teller effect• Study of multiquanta processes in the atomic media,molecular and solid states in order to obtain their newcharacteristics; elaborations based on their optoelectronicproprieties• Study of the optical phenomenon and particles transferin nano-structures and molecular systems• Bose-Einstein condensation of excitons and biexcitons• Artificial and exotic atoms (flux qubits, quantum dots,Positronium etc.)• Laser detection of gravitational waves
  17. 17. Theoretical physics and molecular magnetismMagnetic Anisotropy in the [Cu LTb (hfac) ] Single Molecule II III 2 2Magnet: Experimental Study and Theoretical Modeling, J PhysChem C 2009, 113, 8573 The proposed model describes simultaneously the dc susceptibility and INS spectra and explains on this basis the observed SMM behaviour of the [CuIILTbIII(hfac)2]2 cluster.A highly anisotropic cobalt (II) based single chain magnet:exploration of spin-canting in an antiferromagnetic array, J AmChem Soc 2008, 130, 14729 The developed quantum-mechanical approach represents the first attempt to explain by theory the Single Chain Magnet behaviour and spin- canting phenomenon in the zigzag-chain compound [Co(H2L)(H2O)]∞. The model is applicable also to chains composed of other Kramers ions.
  18. 18. Most cited articles in theoretical physicsAVERBUKH I.S.; PERELMAN N.F.Fractional revivals - universality in the long-term evolution of quantumwave-packets beyond the correspondence principle dynamicsPHYSICS LETTERS A, 1989, 139 (9), 449-453. >330MOSKALENKO S.A.The theory of Mott exciton in alkali-halide crystalsOPTIKA I SPEKTROSKOPIYA, 1958, 5 (2), 147-155. >110HENRY D.O.; MOSKALENKO S.A.; KAUR K.J.; et al.Ral GTPases contribute to regulation of cyclin D1 through activation ofNF-kappa BMOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY, 2000, 20 (21), 8084-8092. >70PALII A.V.; OSTROVSKY S.M.; KLOKISHNER S.I.; et al.Role of the orbitally degenerate Mn(III) ions in the single-moleculemagnet behavior of the cyanide cluster {[Mn-II(tmphen)(2)](3)(Mn-III(CN)(6)](2)} (tmphen = 3,4,7,8-tetramethyl-1,10-phenanthroline)JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 2004, 126 (51),16860. >55
  19. 19. Fields of collaboration• Technologies for the synthesis of nano-structures ofPbS/PbSe, ZnO and nano-wires• Technologies to obtain multinary compounds, experimentaland theoretical description of phenomena in them• Technologies of metals electro-deposition• High-density recording and applications of self-mixinginterferometry• Plasmolysis: Technology and device for electricalprocessing of fruits to make juice• Crystallography of supramolecular compounds, molecularrecognition, crystal engineering, metal organic materials,structure of metal clusters and cluster based polymer,porous zeolite-like metal-organic frameworks• Low-cost solar cells; renewable sources of energy• New absorber materials (kesterites) for thin film solar cells• Hybrid multilayers – magnetic-semiconductor, soft-hard• Lithographic structures – low-dimensional structures,
  20. 20. ContactsInstitute of Applied Physicsstr. Academiei, 5Chisinau, MD-2028Republic of Moldovatel.: +373(22) 738129tel./fax: +373(22) 738149email: