CoherenceCoherence etymologically comes from a Latin word. It literally means “ to cling”.“ Flow, those visible links that bind the sentences of a paragraph , can be established in two basic ways. The first is to establish a master plan at the beginning of the paragraph and to introduce each new idea by a word or phrase that marks its place in the plan. The second concentrates on linking sentences successively as the paragraph develops, making sure that each statement connects with the ones preceding it.” (Thomas Kane, The New Oxford Guide to Writing)
The text can be coherent at two levels :1. Local level 2. Global level. At the local level coherence occurs within small proportions of the text , usually within texts no longer than a paragraph. A larger text hanging together as a whole is said to have global coherence. (Duane.H.Roen)
Example :(5) (a) Twelve year term of imprisonment. (b) LONDON, APRIL 10. (c) The London court has convicted a Brighton resident to twelve years imprisonment for accessory to murder. (d) The victim was fatally wounded in a shooting incident in a Winchester restaurant last year.
Another Example :• "Scientific agriculture, however sound in principle, often seems strangely unrelated to, and unaware of, the vital, grueling job of making a living by farming. Farmers sense this quality in it as they study their bulletins, just as a poor man senses in a rich man an incomprehension of his own problems. The farmer of today knows, for example, that manure loses some of its value when exposed to the weather; but he also knows how soon the sun goes down on all of us, and if there is a window handy at the cows stern he pitches the dressing out into the yard and kisses the nitrogen goodbye. There is usually not time in one mans lifetime to do different. The farmer knows that early-cut hay is better feed thanhay which has been left standing through the hot dry days of late July. He hasnt worked out the vitamin losses, but he knows just by looking at the grass that some of the good has gone out of it. But he knows also that to make hay he needs settled weather--betterweather than you usually get in June.
If you are coherent in your writing:• It means :1. You write every thing in a logically layed out manner.2. All ideas and thoughts and observations are logically connected.3. One leads smoothly to another.4. Each paragraph leads to the main idea and each paragraph leads logically to the previous one.
5. There seems to be a constant connect with the main idea and the various paragraphs and chapters.6. It makes the reader sense that there is a constant flow in your writing.7. It also means you are very consistent in your writing.8. It means that conciseness flows through your consistency.
9. It means you are well aware of how to write in formal and academic English.10. It means you have clarity in your thoughts and your thoughts are compatible with your writing.Continuity is the key to Coherence . Some of the very well and brilliantly written scholarly works read seamlessly from the first sentence to the last.