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From the end of the Nara Period, Kyoto has functioned as the crossroads of Japanese history. Starting from Heian Period until the Emperor moved to Tokyo, it was the capital of Japan for over 1000 years. The city grew in prosperity in all its aspects. Under this era, many Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines were built. Kyoto became the prominence of old religious architecture Even today, Kyoto is the cultural center of Japan, and continues to be loved by Japanese and people of the world alike. In this book, I will introduce four famous Temples and shrines that were related to this thriving time in Japanese history. The Heian period is the last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185. It is also considered the peak of the Japanese imperial court. The word “Heian” means “peace and tranquility” in Japanese. Kiyomizu-dera Temple The expression “to jump off the stage at Kiyomizu” is the Japanese equivalent of the English expression “to take the plunge”. Founded in the early Heian period in 798, rebuilt in 1633. Kiyomizu-dera Temple is perhaps the most beloved of Kyoto’s temples and is a ﬁxture in the minds of the Japanese people. The temple’s veranda juts out of the side of a mountain supported by 13-meter-high wooden columns without a single nail. The main hall with its distinctive hip-shaped roof of cypress bark rests to the rear of the veranda and houses within it a priceless statue of Kannon Bodhisattva, the goddess of mercy. From the veranda, one can appreciate ﬁneIn Heian period, Buddhism views facing west over the city of Kyoto. This is an auspicious place to watch thetransforms into a new form sunset, which may also explain the romantic associations accorded to the temple.closer to Japanese Idea. Several other buildings designated as “national treasures” dot the grounds, as doUnlike the currentNaraBuddhism, it turns into waterfalls and landmarks which have entered popular lore. Thus people come toa Buddhism that would the temple to drink water from the falls by collecting it in tin cups; the waterappeal to Japaese of all class is said to have therapeutic properties, and drinking from the three different streams is said to confer health, longevity, and success in studies. Another development is Kana script was developed the Kana Script. Japanese from Chinese characters. It is writing today involves a simple alphabet system a mixture of Chinese consisting approximately characters and two forms ﬁfty characters. of kana. It was simpler in Heian period, usually in kana, with a few Chinese characters.