Final Cut Pro X Certification Lesson 6

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This is lesson 6 for Final Cut Pro X from the Weyland certification book. Very helpful for individual and class purposes.

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Final Cut Pro X Certification Lesson 6

  1. 1. Lesson 6: Fine-Tuning the Rough Cut Apple Pro Training Series Final Cut Pro X Instructor: Sam Edsall
  2. 2. Preparing the Project Start up the FCP External Drive: Find your APTS FCP X drive and double click to start it up.
  3. 3. Preparing the Project Load ‘em up: In the Project Library drag the Lesson 6 folder onto APTS FCP X. Open the folder and close all the other lessons.
  4. 4. Renaming Clips • Before making lots of changes to your project think about: • Making a back-up copy of your work • Do you need a shorter or longer version? • Do you need a ‘before and after’ version? Refining
  5. 5. Duplicating the Project Make a copy: Two-finger click the ‘Zero to Hero’ project, and from the shortcut menu choose ‘Duplicate Project’ Do you need to duplicate the media, too? No. Select ‘Duplicate Project Only’ and deselect ‘Include Render Files’
  6. 6. Duplicating the Project Name the copy: Select the duplicate project and rename the project ‘Zero to Hero_V2’ Open this project into the Timeline. Press Shift Z to fit all the project clips into the timeline.
  7. 7. Removing Clip Selections & Adding Gaps • Get the pacing right here first before tweaking connect edit content like cut- aways and audio • Get the pacing right first, then worry about B-roll Primary Story Line
  8. 8. Removing Clip Selections & Adding Gaps • Remove a range or ranges of material from a clip or clips • Dividing a clip • Adding gaps (to be filled later) Setting the pace
  9. 9. Remove a Range from a Clip Skim to the first red marker and zoom into that area. With the skimmer on the first red marker, press I to set an In point. FCP assumes you want the Out point at the end of the clip. In this case, that is correct. Press Delete to perform a ripple delete.
  10. 10. Removing Clip Selections & Adding Gaps • Allows you to select not just content from one clip, but content from neighboring clips as well • A whole ‘range’ of content can be selected. The Range Tool • Press R Shortcut
  11. 11. Remove a Range from More than One Clip From the Tools pop-up menu select the Range tool or press R. Play the first part of Tony Schumacher clip and set a marker (press M) just before he begins his line, “Nobody wakes up” Snap the Range pointer to the red marker and drag to your blue marker. Press Delete.
  12. 12. Lifting Content • When you lift material, the project length doesn’t change • A gap is left in the place where the material was Delete by Lifting • The pacing is right, but the content is not right • Leaves you spots to place new content later When lifting is better than ripple deleting
  13. 13. Lifting Content Set the view to show the audio. Play the first part of the Tony Pedregon clip. -- he stalls before making his point. Skim to just after he says, ‘the breed.’ Press B for the blade tool and cut the clip at this location. Skim to just after he says, ‘drag racer is’ and click again at this spot.
  14. 14. Lifting Content Press A for the selection tool. Click the middle Tony click to select and press Shift-Delete. -- the middle clip is replaced with a gap
  15. 15. Gaps • You can delete a gap clip or trim it like a regular clip • You can overwrite it by repositioning another clip over it A gap as a clip
  16. 16. Selection Tool vs. Position Tool • Manually places a clip at a specific location without involving other clips • No magnetic timeline • If you drag on top of another clip, it will overwrite that clip The Position Tool • Press P Shortcut
  17. 17. Lifting Content In the Tools pop-up menu select the Position tool or press P. Drag the second Tony clip to the left about halfway though the gap clip and release. Play the clips in this configuration.
  18. 18. Making a Point with a Pause • Another way to refine a project’s pace is to create a dramatic pause • To accentuate a point you can insert a gap clip. Making a Pause
  19. 19. Dramatic Pause Select the Selection tool – A Play the Antron Brown clip. Position the play head after he says, ‘take the Wally home’ Choose Edit > Insert Gap -- shortcut Option W -- the remaining storyline opens to allow for a new clip -- 3-second gap is placed at the play head location.
  20. 20. Trimming • Deciding whether the original Start and End points are the best selection of content of placement. Finessing a Clip • What plays is what you selected, but all the clip content is still there if you need it What you see & don’t see
  21. 21. Trimming • Easy and fast Trimming with the Selection tool • When you trim an edit point, FCP adjusts the rest of the timeline automatically • Make an edit point longer, FCP pushes content right to make room • Make an edit point shorter, FCP closes the gap The Ripple Effect
  22. 22. Trimming In the Project Library open the Delicious Peace_rough project and duplicate. Rename the project ‘Delicious Peace Done’ and load the project. Play though the VO7 point. -- the VO finishes before 60 seconds, but the clips run past this point. -- we will trim some clips to get this spot closer to 60 seconds.
  23. 23. Have a Look Around With the skimmer a little bit past the VO7 clip, press Command + to zoom in a few times to find the ‘workers relaxing’ clip. 2-finger click on the clip and choose Open in Timeline from the shortcut menu. -- the marked portion of the project clip is highlighted in milky white -- media handles are darkened on either side.
  24. 24. Make a Trim To return to the project, click the left History arrow -- shortcut Command [ Find the ‘woman picks beans’ clip above VO_09 and zoom in. --notice how the woman looks up at the end. Move the pointer to the end of that clip and select the End edit point. Drag left until the numerical timecode field reads about -2:00
  25. 25. Make a Trim Clean up the edit: Select the end of VO_09 and trim it left just enough to fit VO_08 back up with the others. Check your audio edit with ‘play around’ (Shift ?)
  26. 26. Creating a Storyline • Combines a group of clips into one • Any spaces between the clips will remain Storyline • Great for locking in audio to a set duration • In this example the VOs will be locked together into one clip How it’s used
  27. 27. Create a Storyline Shift Z so you can see the whole project. Draw a rectangle to select all of the VO clips. 2-finger click (CTRL click) one of the VO clips and choose ‘Create Storyline’ from the shortcut menu.
  28. 28. Nudging an Edit Point • Once you have the edit point selected you can nudge the edit point left or right with the , & . Keys • (< or > keys) Nudging • Viewer will update with the latest nudge Visual cue
  29. 29. Nudge an Edit Point Select the end of the ‘Woman picks beans’ and press the , and . Keys to nudge the clip to just before she looks up from the Viewer.
  30. 30. Checking Your Edit • After changing your edit point, press Shift / (Shift ?) to play around the current play head position • The amount of pre-roll and post-roll is set in Preferences Play Around
  31. 31. Play Around the Edit Point Select FCP > Preferences and change the Pre-roll and Post-roll settings to 3.0 seconds. Press Shift / to play around the edit point.
  32. 32. Set up for Detailed Trimming In Preferences select the Editing tab. Make sure ‘Show detailed trimming feedback’ is turned on. -- allows you to see both clips at the edit point you are trimming
  33. 33. Trimming Indicators Move your pointer to the next clip ‘man picks beans’ and click on the Start edit point. Drag the edit point left and right. Notice the indications about the changes you make. Press Command Z to undo.
  34. 34. Trimming Indicators • Amount of change indicated in the pop- up window • Red bracket with out of media Timeline • Trimmed clip updates in the Viewer Viewer
  35. 35. Using the Play head as a Trim Marker • Use the play head to find a spot where you can trim a start or end point of a clip Find the spot • Drag the start or end point to the play head • With snapping turned on, your cursor will snap to the play head Trim to the play head
  36. 36. Skim though the ‘man picks beans’ clip and find where the man starts to lower the beans into the bucket. Click just before this action to set the play head. Drag the Start point to the right and snap it to the play head. Using the Play head as a Trim Marker
  37. 37. Trimming Shortcuts • Option & right bracket • Trims an End point to the skimmer location Option ] • Option & left bracket • Trims a Start point to the skimmer location Option [ • Press I and O to set a range in a clip • Press Option to trim the head and tail material outside the selection Option
  38. 38. Skim the ‘dark beans ground’ clip. Press Command = (+) to zoom in on the clip. Move the skimmer inside the Start point and press Option [ Press Command Z to undo. Practice Some Trim Shortcuts
  39. 39. Move the skimmer inside the End point to just before the zoom out Press Option ] to trim the End point. Press Command Z to undo. Practice Some Trim Shortcuts
  40. 40. Move the skimmer inside the Start point to just before the zoom out and set an In point. Skim to just before the fast zoom out and set an Out point. ((can also use the range tool)) Press Option to trim the head and tail material of the clip. Press Command Z to undo. Practice Some Trim Shortcuts
  41. 41. Extend Edit • Takes an edit point and extends it left or right to the skimmer location What it does • Shift X Shortcut
  42. 42. Skim to the end of the ‘xylophone music’ clip and click its End point. Skim to the end of the VO_07 clip. To shorten the music clip to this location, press Shift X Extend Edit
  43. 43. The Trim Tool • Trims the clip At the Start or End point • Slips the clip In the middle of the clip • Slides the clip Option key & middle of the clip • Rolls the edit Between two clips
  44. 44. Zoom in to the first 2 clips of the map. Select the Trim tool from the tools pop-up toolbar or select T. Select the End point of the ‘map of Africa’ clip and trim right 1½ seconds. Trim Edit with the Trim Tool Filmstrip = media start point on Map of incoming Uganda clip
  45. 45.  MWF
  46. 46. Roll Edit with the Trim Tool • Both the end point of the outgoing clip and the start point of the incoming clip are selected • Moving (rolling) the edit point does not change the duration of the project Click on the edit point
  47. 47. Select the edit point between the two map clips with the trim tool. Drag the edit right 15 frames then back 15 frames. Notice the changes in the Viewer when you do this. Roll Edit with the Trim Tool End point of outgoing clip Start point of incoming clip
  48. 48. Play the ‘grind stone’ and ‘woman sweeps coffee’ clips and zoom into that area. Roll the edit point left until each clip shows the woman’s hand on the grinding stone -- about -22 frames Roll Edit with the Trim Tool
  49. 49. Slip Edit with the Trim Tool • Changes what you see or hear in the clip without changing where it is in the timeline • Does not change the project duration Change the content
  50. 50. Zoom into the 3rd to the last clip ‘workers relaxing’ -- we will slip the contents so we can see that woman in red Move the trim tool over the middle of the clip so you see the slip icon. Drag left until you first see the red shirted arm. Then drag left another 2 seconds and release. Slip Edit with the Trim Tool New start point of clip New end point of clip
  51. 51. Shift Z to zoom out, then zoom into the ‘man picks beans’ clip. Move the trim tool right as far as possible on the clip. -- bring the man’s smile into the shot. When you see the red start point, you’ve reached the media start point and can’t go further. Slip Edit with the Trim Tool
  52. 52. Slide Edit with the Trim Tool • Slides a clip left or right between the two clips on either side of it • Doesn’t change the project duration Change the clip position
  53. 53. Skim to the ‘making coffee’ clip. Press Shift / to play around that area. -- we will move this slide this clip left until the woman sweeps the beans 3 times. Using the Viewer as a guide, press option and slip the clip left until the woman sweeping beans has completed three sweeps. Slide Edit with the Trim Tool
  54. 54. Trimming with Precision • Look IN the edit with the precision editor for more precise editing • Allows you to consider and execute your trims quickly and easily Precision Editor
  55. 55. In the project library folder open the ‘Fairly Legal_rough’ project, make a duplicate and load that into the timeline. Audio is important to see when trimming so increase the size of the audio waveforms in the clips with the Clip appearance button. Trimming with Precision
  56. 56. Double-click the edit point between the 1st two clips 4A- 1_110(A) and 4B-3_110(A) clips to open the precision editor --shortcut – select the edit point and press Control E Trimming with Precision
  57. 57. Trimming with Precision • Outgoing clip on the top • Incoming clip on the bottom • Play head at current edit point • Available media handles of each clip appear darker • You know what you have to work with What you see
  58. 58. Trimming with Precision • The end point of the outgoing clip • The start point of the incoming clip • The combined timing between them 3 things to consider
  59. 59. Selecting what to View • Put pointer over the gray area between the upper and lower clip • Skim or press the spacebar • Pointer icon Play the edit point • Move the point over that clip • Skim or press the spacebar • Hand icon Play the outgoing clip & handles
  60. 60. Zoom in and play through the edit. The judge says ‘detritus of justice’ twice. We will keep the line on Kate’s camera, but trim it off on the wide shot. On the outgoing clip find the spot right after ‘other’ but before ‘detritus of justice’ Trimming with Precision
  61. 61. Select the outgoing clip at this point and drag it right to the edit point. On the incoming clip move the hand to the spot just after ‘other’ but before ‘detritus of justice’ Click with the hand tool. The edit updates at the hand position. Trimming with Precision
  62. 62. Rolling with Precision • Click on the edit line handle • Both edit points are selected Rolling with the precision editor
  63. 63. Rolling with Precision • Click on the edit line handle • Both edit points are selected Rolling with the precision editor Click on the edit line handle to prepare to roll. Drag the edit line handle left about 15 frames so the Viewer shows Kate holding the book in her arm. Play the new edit.
  64. 64. Rolling with Precision • Sometimes rolling the edit will throw off the video or audio timing between the two clips • Expand the clip, then roll only the video will fix the problem Rolling only the video or the audio
  65. 65. Rolling with Precision Two-finger click the the second clip 4B-3_110(A) and choose ‘Expand Audio/Video’ -- shortcut – Control S Select the first clip and do the same thing.
  66. 66. Rolling with Precision Select the trim tool (T) and select the edit point between these two clips. Drag right until in the Viewer you see a good match between Kate’s actions so she’s holding the book closed in each frame. Press Shift to play around the edit.
  67. 67. Shortcuts: • Expand Audio/VideoControl S • Insert a gap clipOption W • Trim the End point and remove all frames to the right of the skimmer location Option ] • Trim the Start point and remove all frames to the left of the skimmer location Option [ • Lift an item or section from the Timeline and leave a gap Shift Delete • Play around an editShift /
  68. 68. Homework Assignment: Your job is to fix the rest of this scene using the trim, roll and precision editor so the dialogue flows smoothly. Share as an Apple iPhone and save as (your name) Lesson 6.m4v to iTunes U.
  69. 69. Lesson 6: Fine-Tuning the Rough Cut Apple Pro Training Series Final Cut Pro X Instructor: Sam Edsall

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