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The importance of ergonomics in working life son 1

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The importance of ergonomics in working life son 1

  1. 1. THE IMPORTANCE OFERGONOMICS IN WORKING LIFEÖzge TOKDEMİRElif Nur İPEKMelek ERKEÇSedef DUYALElif AKTÜRK ~0~
  2. 2. THE IMPORTANCE OF ERGONOMICS INWORKING LIFECONTENTS1.Ergonomics InOur Life2.Ergonomics InWorking Life3.Ergonomics InBoschPlantsErgonomics is branch ofscienceordisciplinewhichhumanandmachinepropertiesexamineharmonyeachother. ThisWord as meaning is ancientgreekandmeansergos-businessandnomo- science .1.Ergonomics InOurLivesTheergonomics, there’s in everyarea of dailylives. Forexample;in public transport,scissors, screwdriver, desksetc. But top of ergonomicsdevelopmentfollowed invehicles. Invehiclessteering Wheel waslarge , seatscouldonlymovebackandforth inthepast. But now in vehiclesthemostimportantpointsare “How arepeoplecomfortable ?”and “ How peopleusethe car moreefficiently?” As anotherexample ;theelavatorsareadjustedaccordingtohumanlenght. Tosumup : Theergonomics ,there’s ineveryarea of lives.2.Ergonomics InWorkingLivesA workplaceshould bearrangedaccordingtopersontogetmorequalificatedandefficientresultsandforworker’scomfort .Forinstance; it is importanttousekeyboardwithrightangles. If it is usewrongly, itis seencarpalltunnelsendrom.At determiningarrangement of workplace it should be preferedtrue body position.Bythewaychangesbetweenthe body position’sdecreasepressure on human body. Changebetweenstandinga ndsitting Sitting StandingandWalking PRESSURE Standing ~1~
  3. 3. Minesareplaceswhichareworkedso hard in andtheyaren’tsuitableforergonomics.Thesedays it is startedtoproductmachinesthatpeople can bemorecomfortablewhentheyuseformorequalificatedserve. Employersshould payattentiontopeople life andshouldproduceappealingtoergpnomics.3.Ergonomics InBoschPlantsAdaptingenvironmentaccordingtopeoplecalledergonomics.Boschcreatedergonomicschartforergonomicimprovements in 1970s and in 1990s it isstartedto do ergonomicworks. One of themostimportantthingsforBosch isappropriatenessto 90% percentage. Body heightandpercentage FREQUENCY %90 PERCENTAG E %1 %5 %50 %95 %99THE WORKPLACE MEASURES(THE BLUE CARD)* Design measures of theergonomicsworkplace* Itdepends on DIN 33406 norm* It’supdated in 2009Inergonomicsthemeasurethatbetweenpeopleandmachineshould be paidattention.Unlesspaidattention , deformationsoccure on human’s body. Ifconditions on bluechartis applied, an ergonomiccompanyoccursWORKİNG HEIGHT(H1-H2)Inthepastthisheightwas 102 cm. Nowadaystheheightaccordingtopeople is fixed.Ifthisheightisn’tpaidattention, suitable body positionisn’tseen.Itshould be determinedthatemployeesworkbysittingorbystandingaccordingtobluecard.Workingheightshould be undertheheartlevel. Thebestworkingshape is alternate. ~2~
  4. 4. Tabledesign: People can be 40-45 cm awayfromthetable.Theangle of seeing: Longdimensionsarereasontohaveneckpain.SEEING AND LIGHTING(WHITE CARD)* Light’sproperties* Arranginglighting* Thedensity of light/contrast* Theangle of light* Light’scolor* Colorrepetition* ShadowInthistopiccontrast is vital. It’simpasibbletonoticefaultifcontrastisn’ttrue.Forexampleunderdarklightyou can seemistakeeasier.CONTROLS OF ERGONOMICSInBosch, Ergonomicscheckwascreated. Everytwoyearsthis test isdonetomachinesandtrainingisgivenaboutergonomicstoemployeeshaveblueshirt. ~3~

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