TESTING GRAMMAR AND
Cristina Polidura Varela
Clara Sebastián Algora
• Control of grammatical structures core of language
• Proficiency test are concerned usually of interesting in
Backwash effect Test writing ability
Do you think grammar has an important place in an
Of course! If it is not, maybe it would set limits
to what can be achieve in the way of skills
The successful writing of academic assignments
It is a reflection to give the test content validity by
selecting from the structures specified.
It should not concentrate on the structures that
to be easiest to test.
Four techniques for testing grammar
• Gap filling
• Multiple choice
• It has just one correct response
• It could accept two posible correct response, if the
meaning is the same
• The contractions are allowed in gaps
It is required by students
to write a sentence
equivalent in meaning to
one that is given.
The student has to
complete sentences with
variety of structures
according to suitable
Students have to choose between three or four
options and they select one of them according to
• Teaching of vocabulary is devoted much less time than teaching of
• Vocabulary achievement tests are appreciated for their backwash effect.
• The learning of specific lexical items in class will rarely depend on
previous knowledge of specified items.
To use a published
test of vocabulary
To construct one´s own
Words should be grouped
Recognition ability Production ability