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CLTS in Zambia


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CLTS in Zambia

  1. 1. ZAMBIA Community Led Total Sanitation 2007-2010 Leonard Mukosha and Chief Macha
  2. 2. Brief Overview <ul><li>National workshop and training of facilitators </li></ul><ul><li>Choma district selected </li></ul><ul><ul><li>812 villages, 256,000 people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>23% sanitation coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Planning meeting with Chiefs, Councillors and Headmen/women </li></ul><ul><li>12 villages in 2 Chiefdoms triggered (initial pilot in Nov’07) </li></ul><ul><li>Since then 473 villages triggered </li></ul><ul><li>SAGs established in all villages </li></ul><ul><li>Chiefs and Councilors verify ODF status </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitation Resource Centres now being established </li></ul>UNICEF ZAMBIA CLTS This is an ODF Village!
  3. 3. Achievements <ul><li>Initial pilot </li></ul><ul><li>Coverage increased from 23% to 88% for population of 4,500. </li></ul><ul><li>9 out of 12 villages ODF within 3 months (but not the same as those with 100% coverage!). </li></ul><ul><li>98% of toilets were in use. </li></ul><ul><li>68% of toilets met National MDG definition. </li></ul><ul><li>18% of toilets had hand-washing facilities . </li></ul>UNICEF ZAMBIA CLTS
  4. 4. Achievements <ul><li>Since then (within 9 months)….. </li></ul><ul><li>Coverage has increased from 30% to 63% for a population of 145,000. </li></ul><ul><li>9,124 toilets have been constructed (and many are being upgraded). </li></ul><ul><li>200 ODF villages </li></ul><ul><li>65% of toilets meet the National MDG definition. </li></ul><ul><li>42% of toilets have hand-washing facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Costs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>< US$1,000 per ODF village </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>< US$20 per household </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>< US$2.5 per capita </li></ul></ul>UNICEF ZAMBIA CLTS ‘ I want you to understand this point that UNICEF is not here to build a toilet for anybody, including me; to build a toilet is our own responsibility.’ HRH Chief Macha
  5. 5. SWOT Analysis <ul><li>Strengths </li></ul><ul><li>Buy-in from all key stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Real sense of local ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid impact </li></ul><ul><li>Triggering process has taken on a ‘life of its own’! </li></ul><ul><li>Massive social movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immunization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>Hygiene promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Technical advice </li></ul>UNICEF ZAMBIA CLTS “ Perhaps UNICEF has broken the chain of resistance, because it is amazing how people are responding to the CLTS programme and are now busy constructing toilets in their villages .” HRH Chief Mapanza ‘ “ I think it is the way I did the triggering that made my fellow councilors nickname me ‘Dr. Mazyu’ (Doctor of Shit). But I don’t mind because I like what I’m doing, helping people to realize that they cannot live a normal life with mazyu all around them,” ’ Councilor Cosmas Mulundima Kabaza, alias ‘Dr. Mazyu’
  6. 6. SWOT Analysis (2) <ul><li>Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Massive multidimensional social mobilization </li></ul><ul><li>National media coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Growing interest from partners </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing monitoring (linking with health outcomes) </li></ul><ul><li>National sanitation policy development </li></ul><ul><li>Threats </li></ul><ul><li>Government resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Fixation on ‘standards’ </li></ul><ul><li>NGO ‘altruism’ </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability is not yet known </li></ul>UNICEF ZAMBIA CLTS
  7. 7. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Sanitation ‘coverage’ is not the same as ODF. </li></ul><ul><li>Role of traditional and civic leaders is crucial. </li></ul><ul><li>Previous sanitation projects do not prevent CLTS success. </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of CLTS is significant but considerably less than subsidized programmes. </li></ul><ul><li>CLTS has worked very effectively in Choma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… . but will it work elsewhere in Zambia? </li></ul></ul>UNICEF ZAMBIA CLTS ‘ This programme is a miracle. The village is now clean and every household has a toilet.’ Dickson Muchimba, Village Headman, Siatembo
  8. 8. Beyond CLTS in Zambia <ul><li>Tree planting </li></ul><ul><li>Urban focused CLTS </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Shit and Legal provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Open Defecation Free district goal </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-sectoral mobilisation. </li></ul>UNICEF ZAMBIA CLTS
  9. 9. Thank you <ul><li>Twarumba </li></ul><ul><li>Twatotela </li></ul><ul><li>Zikomo </li></ul><ul><li>Litumezi </li></ul>UNICEF ZAMBIA CLTS