Dr. Matthias Kaiserswerth Vice President, Europe; IBM Research We are at the dawn of a historic shift in the evolution of technology. Never have several technological trends, namely mobile, cloud, big data and social, converged simultaneously in the history of computing. The ramifications will span from how we do research and development to how we make business decisions. This keynote presents IBM Research as an early adopter of these trends as we look towards leading IBM into its second centennial: • Computational Science will no longer support or mainly validate experimental R&D. It has reached a performance and maturity that allows it to guide experimental work. In the coming decade, future progress in high performance computing will enable companies to start from the laws of nature and attack research problems that would not otherwise be solvable in realistic and economic time frames. • By 2020 approximately 60% of the workforce will be comprised of Millennials, the digital natives. How can social and mobile technologies advance and revitalize the R&D function to leverage the power of the crowd and cater to the needs of this next generation of technical talent? • Data is the future — and will be among the top three differentiators for R&D. New cognitive computing tools, including IBM Watson, which are designed to extract value from big data and analytics, hold significant potential in the innovation process.