Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
XVI EUROPEAN CONFERENCE
MILAN, ITALY
OCTOBER 2015
Didier COULOMB
INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF REFRIGERATION ― www.iifiir.org...
• Food quality and safety from farm to consumer
• Comfort in homes and commercial buildings
• Health products and services...
58 member countries worldwide
500 experts
510 corporate and private members
Publications:
FRIDOC, a refrigeration portal with over 100,000 references
Journals: the International Journal of Refrigera...
Refrigeration is
everywhere
• Cryogenics (petrochemical refining, steel
industry, space industry, nuclear fusion…)
• Medic...
Increasing needs
in developing and
emerging
countries (1)
• 1,600 US deaths per year are due to pathogens, at
least partly...
Increasing needs
in developing and
emerging
countries (2)
• 800 000 people are
undernourished
• 23% of food losses are cau...
Increasing needs especially in emerging and
developing countries means increase in
environmental impact
8
1) Energy consumption in refrigeration equipment, including air
conditioning equipment, must be reduced.
Latest estimation...
CFCs and HCFCs
are mainly
replaced by HFCs.
HFCs generally
have a high GWP.
Source UNEP
10
It is a challenge for:
– Developed countries
– Developing countries
It is also an opportunity for developing countries: bu...
Developing a cold chain in the food sector
• should play a major role for the food security all over the world, in
Africa ...
A few facts to be added:
• the population and the urbanization in these developing countries
will continue to increase: 70...
Developing a cold chain for the food sector has other
advantages:
• it will avoid diseases and deaths due to a poor contro...
Developing and improving the cold chain is necessary
• in developing countries: IIR –FAO recommendations, IIR – FAO policy...
Developing and improving the cold chain is necessary
• in developed countries
European research projects: FRISBEE, Cool-Sa...
Food security, food safety, health but also for a better
environment in a sustainable way
• food losses mean wastes of wat...
Food security, food safety, health but also for a better
environment in a sustainable way
• Refrigeration uses refrigerant...
IIR actions are underway, including actions with FAO and UNEP in
developing countries
It is possible to have a sustainable...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Istituto Internazionale del Freddo - Didier Coulomb - Expo 13 ottobre 2015

393 views

Published on

Developing the cold chain in food and health sectors

Published in: Food
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Istituto Internazionale del Freddo - Didier Coulomb - Expo 13 ottobre 2015

  1. 1. XVI EUROPEAN CONFERENCE MILAN, ITALY OCTOBER 2015 Didier COULOMB INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF REFRIGERATION ― www.iifiir.org 1
  2. 2. • Food quality and safety from farm to consumer • Comfort in homes and commercial buildings • Health products and services • Low temperature technology and liquefied gas technology • Energy efficiency • Use of non-ozone-depleting and low global warming refrigerants in a safe manner The International Institute of Refrigeration (IIR), an independent intergovernmental science and technology based organization, promotes refrigeration knowledge and associated technologies that improve quality of life in a cost effective and environmentally sustainable manner including: 2
  3. 3. 58 member countries worldwide 500 experts 510 corporate and private members
  4. 4. Publications: FRIDOC, a refrigeration portal with over 100,000 references Journals: the International Journal of Refrigeration (IJR – the best scientific journal in its field!), IIR Newsletter, books, Informatory Notes, and Statements. Activities: Conferences Working Parties Research Projects Preparation of Standards See our Website: www.iifiir.org 4
  5. 5. Refrigeration is everywhere • Cryogenics (petrochemical refining, steel industry, space industry, nuclear fusion…) • Medicine and health products (cryosurgery, anaesthesia, scanners, vaccines…) • Air conditioning (buildings, data centres…) • Food industry and the cold chain • Energy sector (including heat pumps, LNG, hydrogen…) • Environment (including carbon capture and storage), public works, leisure activities… 5
  6. 6. Increasing needs in developing and emerging countries (1) • 1,600 US deaths per year are due to pathogens, at least partly associated with temperature control with many more in “developing” countries. According to a WHO report (2008) refrigeration and improved hygiene have reduced stomach cancer by 89% in men and 92% in women since 1930 in the USA. • A growth in global population, particularly in Africa and South Asia (9-10 billion in 2050, about 8 billion in developing countries). • 70% (50% now) will be in urban areas (doubling in developing countries), increasing the need for cold chains due to longer distances between production sites and markets and progressively more westernized models (meat...) Farmers in Kyrgyzstan. Credit: UNPEI 6
  7. 7. Increasing needs in developing and emerging countries (2) • 800 000 people are undernourished • 23% of food losses are caused by a lack of refrigeration (vs 9% in developed countries) Needs related to better health are global (reliable cold chain, air conditioning), due specifically to an ageing population. A recent MIT study showed mortality during hot days (temperatures higher than 32°C) decreased by 80% between 1900-1959 and 1960-2004 in the US: « The adoption of residential air-conditioning explains essentially the entire decline in the temperature-mortality relationship » The IPCC forecasts an increase in air conditioning of 75% until 2100 Farmers in Kyrgyzstan. Credit: UNPEI 7
  8. 8. Increasing needs especially in emerging and developing countries means increase in environmental impact 8
  9. 9. 1) Energy consumption in refrigeration equipment, including air conditioning equipment, must be reduced. Latest estimation(*): 17% of worldwide electricity consumption (even more in Middle East countries due to air-conditioning use), lack of energy resources, and indirect global warming impact (the most important one). 2) Most refrigeration equipment uses refrigerants. Despite the development of alternative technologies, vapour compression systems using refrigerants will prevail over short and medium term. (*) IIR Informatory Note to be published Two consequences: 9
  10. 10. CFCs and HCFCs are mainly replaced by HFCs. HFCs generally have a high GWP. Source UNEP 10
  11. 11. It is a challenge for: – Developed countries – Developing countries It is also an opportunity for developing countries: building a cold chain with better environmental friendly technologies. These technologies can be different in developing countries, because of different situations: climate outdoor conditions, electricity infrastructures, technicians capabilities … 11
  12. 12. Developing a cold chain in the food sector • should play a major role for the food security all over the world, in Africa as well as in South Asia particularly • the joint FAO-IIR documents show a few figures illustrating the current situation and propose recommendations for Sub-Saharan African countries, which are largely similar to recommendations to be proposed for other developing countries 12
  13. 13. A few facts to be added: • the population and the urbanization in these developing countries will continue to increase: 70% in 2050, 50% today with an increasing number of towns of more than 10 million inhabitants: the management of the food supply shall include an efficient cold chain • the cold storage capacity is tenfold in developed countries than in developing countries. Investments are needed in order to reach a similar ratio for similar post-harvest losses. 13
  14. 14. Developing a cold chain for the food sector has other advantages: • it will avoid diseases and deaths due to a poor control of temperatures of goods you eat: even in the USA, 1600 deaths per year are due to pathogens, at least partly associated with temperature control • it will be useful also for the storage and transport of health products: vaccines, some drugs…These heath products currently represent 1-2% of the volumes in France but 10-20% of the value; their volume increases by 20% per year (biotechnology products …) 14
  15. 15. Developing and improving the cold chain is necessary • in developing countries: IIR –FAO recommendations, IIR – FAO policy brief IIR – CIHEAM partnership Guide on cold storage with a focus on developing and warm countries, underway IIR working group on the cold chain in warm countries, chaired by our delegate of Tunisia (Ministry of Industry): next meeting in March 2016, in Tunisia. The UNEP is also involved in this event. 15 1/2
  16. 16. Developing and improving the cold chain is necessary • in developed countries European research projects: FRISBEE, Cool-Save: the documents (guides, articles …) are available via the IIR Web site: www.iifiir.org IIR Scientific and technical conferences: the previous ones in the United Kingdom and in France (2010, 2013, 2014), the next one in New-Zealand (April 2016) 16 2/2
  17. 17. Food security, food safety, health but also for a better environment in a sustainable way • food losses mean wastes of water, soils and energy • it has higher environment impacts than the development of a cold chain. However, we must reduce this impact: - Refrigeration and air-conditioning represent 17% of worldwide electricity consumption, almost half for the cold chain: we must and can reduce it (FRISBEE, Cool-Save …) 17
  18. 18. Food security, food safety, health but also for a better environment in a sustainable way • Refrigeration uses refrigerants fluids, some of which exert a negative effect on the environment if released into the atmosphere due to equipment leaks or incomplete recovery when disposal of equipment takes place: - CFCs, and to a lesser extent HCFCs, contribute to the depletion of stratospheric ozone: they are progressively phased out - CFCs, HCFCs and HFCs are generally potent greenhouse gases which cause global warming: we need to phase them down.  Dubai, Paris COP 21 …. 18
  19. 19. IIR actions are underway, including actions with FAO and UNEP in developing countries It is possible to have a sustainable development of the cold chain: cf. IIR Informatory Notes (IN) IIR Conferences See our Website : www.iifiir.org Become a member! 19

×