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SWAN: the Hidden Harms of Human Trafficking, Elene Lam


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SWAN: the Hidden Harms of Human Trafficking, Elene Lam

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SWAN: the Hidden Harms of Human Trafficking, Elene Lam

  1. 1. New Form of Sexism, Racism and Imperialism – 2015 Oct 15 Elene Lam Butterfly / Migrant Sex Workers Project
  2. 2. Trafficking Justification of : • Criminalization of migration and sex work • Racism • Sexism • Imperialism
  3. 3. United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime • Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (2000) • “ the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, or abduction, of fraud, of deception, or of the abuse of power, or of a position of vulnerability or of giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve • the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation • Sex work =Exploitation = Trafficking.
  4. 4. National Action Plan: Trafficking Protocol • The prevention of human trafficking. • The prosecution of offenders. • The protection of victims. • Working in partnership with others both domestically and internationally.
  5. 5. Prevention of human trafficking. • identification of populations and places most at-risk of trafficking in Canada. • Who is most at risk? (global south, racialized) • Not allowed to involve in sex industry • border control? Limitation of migration? • Discriminatory immigration policy (Temporary worker program) • …. Racism !!!! Sexism !!
  6. 6. RCMP arrest six for Canada-wide human-smuggling, prostitution ring • MONTREAL — The Canadian Press • Published Wednesday, Apr. 01 2015, 8:23 PM EDT
  7. 7. Police raid residential erotic massage parlour, leading to 76 human trafficking charges for alleged ringleader, National Post (Sept 16, 2015) 11 massage workers face deportation (May 11, 2015)
  8. 8. Prosecution of offenders. • Criminal System: • Criminal Code (Prostitution, Trafficking) • Section 118 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) • Detection, Investigation and Prosecution of Traffickers • Police Power: undercover operations or electronic surveillance are permitted • Who are traffickesrs? • Community vs Organized crime (assistance in SW) • Migration vs Transnational crime (assistance of migration)
  9. 9. Protection of victims. • Ending violence against women and girls program • Rescue • Victims vs Criminal • Arrest, detention, deportation • Supports and services • Assist victims in recovering physically, psychologically and socially (who get the funding?)
  10. 10. • Who are the victims? • Asian : vulnerable, submissive, uneducated.. • Victimization ? What is harmful? • Control of body? Normalization? (retraining) • Sexual exploitation vs agency • Forced labour vs Ressistance, • Economic alternative Racism/ Sexism
  11. 11. Partnership • domestically and internationally. • to increase capacity to prevent and combat human trafficking • Promote cooperation through applicable legal instruments and reciprocity • in areas of the world particularly vulnerable to human trafficking • Imperialism?? • sex? marriage? (Social , eco arrangement)
  12. 12. Recognize the harm and problem of anti-trafficking Resistance of Migrant Sex Workers What you can do?
  13. 13. Migrant Sex Workers Project
  14. 14. Butterfly Asian and Migrant Support Network
  15. 15. Butterfly’s voices
  16. 16. • Canada's Criminal Law Responses • The Criminal Code of Canada (Criminal Code) • sections 279.01 (Trafficking in persons), • 279.011 (Trafficking of a person under the age of eighteen years), • 279.02 (Material benefit), • 279.03 (Withholding or destroying documents).
  17. 17. • Section 118 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) • contains a provision that prohibits the bringing into Canada of persons by means of abduction, fraud, deception or use of threat of force or coercion. • It carries a maximum penalty of a fine of up to $1 million and/or up to life imprisonment.