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Empowering the Endogenous Peace Processes
Social Entrepreneurs’ complexity approach
Sustaining Peace: Systems, Application...
Three sources
03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 2
Practice
with
Ashoka
for
20years
What is the magic of their leadership?
Social entrepreneurs
They
address
pressing
social
issues…
..often protracted
and
in...
Sustainability? Context matters!
• The environment supports
conflict ethos, i.e. narratives,
symbols, bieleves,
identifica...
Deep South in Thailand:
peace through empowering victims
Arson Bomb attack Shooting
• Failed!
• created even more damage
T...
• …tell their stories
• write and disseminate pamphlets with their stories
• become Speakers for Peace
Children-ex-victims...
Circumventing
conflict
Empowering
marginalized
and
victimized
children &
youth…
…to become
Ambassadors
for Peace…
…and for...
The new kind of leaders’ complexity approach:
releasing the power of bottom-up dynamics
Empowering people,
communities and...
A case for you: Holy Rivers of Nepal…
Conflict: environmental
protection against the
construction lobbies
03/26/2015Ryszar...
…are endangered by the construction
lobbies
• Plans to build dams
and concrete
regulation
• Unavoidable damage
to the envi...
Discussion
Key players
• Construction lobby
• Local politicians
• Environmental activists
• Dwellers along the rivers
• To...
Megh Ale’s solution: protect the river
and help people to make money
• Megh’s initial questions:
– Do we really need to su...
Win-win Megh Ale’s vision
• Rafting and water-sports: Megh
educates the guides in ecology;
they become environmental
ambas...
Holy Bagmati River’s Festival
Megh Ale
Ashoka Fellow
03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 14
• Various
religions
Bagmati – Holy River of Nepal
• Water
ritual
03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 15
Guests of the Bagmati River Festival
03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 16
The levels of emergence:
upward causation
Structures
level; law,
procedures,
architecture
Symbolic level;
narratives,
symb...
• Researches document
that fun and dance
significantly enhance
creativity
• Increase brain plasticity
• They report that
i...
Peace in Middle East: mission
(seemingly) impossible
03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 19
Traditional peace-
building...
Arab-Jewish Center for Empowerment,
Equality, and Collaboration )
03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 20
Not talking ab...
New kind of leadership: instead of addressing issues
directly, building preconditions for sustainable solutions
03/26/2015...
New kind of Empowering Leaders (EL):
they introduce preconditions for durable peace
Facilitating the process
of social eme...
A case for you: Empowering
women and youth in Afghanistan
03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 23
Conflict:
• Mindsets r...
Discussion:
Can one change the position of women
in Afghanistan?
Key players
• Afghan women and…
• …men
• Local remote
com...
Reza Deghati, photographer
He was traveling around the remote Afghan
villages, making photos and thinking... How to help
w...
Creative idea: to teach women and youth
journalism...
26
A women-led radio was established…
Documenting the life of families and communities
And an Afghan Media Center...
Not in conflict with traditions, but indircetly raising the
position of women in the society...
Children also learn journalism and publish
their own magazine Pavras
Pavras is read by all families and villages in the mo...
Documenting became a part of the culture...
Children play making movies
Women-made films watched by the whole
village...
Reza had a vision and... an
entrepreneurial acumen
• Reza changed local
journalism
initiatives into
revenue-generating
ven...
Happy Afghan girls
03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 33
Recap: Empowering Leadership: Complexity
approach to sustainable peace
03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 34
Instead o...
03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 35
Empowering
Leadership
Social sector
Business
GovernmentParenting
Peacemaking
The...
Thank you
• rpraszkier@ashoka.org
The Center for Complex Systems and New Technologies,
University of Warsaw
Prof. Andrzej ...
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Empowering Endogenous Peace Processes: Social Entrepreneurs' complexity approach

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This presentation was part of a workshop conducted by Dr. Ryszard Prazkier titled "Social Entrepreneurs and Bottoms-Up Peace Processes" held at Columbia University's Sustaining Peace Conference on March 26, 2015.

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Empowering Endogenous Peace Processes: Social Entrepreneurs' complexity approach

  1. 1. Empowering the Endogenous Peace Processes Social Entrepreneurs’ complexity approach Sustaining Peace: Systems, Applications, and Interventions Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D. March 26, 2015 The Center for Complex Systems and New Technologies, University of Warsaw Prof. Andrzej Nowak, Head
  2. 2. Three sources 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 2 Practice with Ashoka for 20years
  3. 3. What is the magic of their leadership? Social entrepreneurs They address pressing social issues… ..often protracted and insurmountable. They achieve immense, durable, and irreversible systemic impact… …with low investments. Their “tools” are creativity, entrepreneurship, passion and commitment Ashoka Fellow, Kailash Satyarthi Global movement against child labor Peace Nobel Prize 2014 Ashoka Academy Member, Muhammad Yunus Peace Nobel Prize 2006 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 3
  4. 4. Sustainability? Context matters! • The environment supports conflict ethos, i.e. narratives, symbols, bieleves, identification, rituals, fear of the unknown, etc. • Conflict resolution attempts are often short-lived: the system tends to revert to the original conflict-related equilibrium (attractor). • New kind of leadership: modifying the context instead of head-on peace attempts • Creating a peace-supporting environment • Peace becomes wanted as it brings benefits • motivation for sustaining peace 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.-Page 4 Uff!!! Pushing it up Making the ball roll dwn into the hole Shaping the context
  5. 5. Deep South in Thailand: peace through empowering victims Arson Bomb attack Shooting • Failed! • created even more damage Thai army interventions • Failed! • brought only temporary release followed by setbacks Top-down conflict resolution methods 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 5 Jan 2004 July 2007 Terrorists attacks Numberofattacks
  6. 6. • …tell their stories • write and disseminate pamphlets with their stories • become Speakers for Peace Children-ex-victims go to schools and homes and… • they instigate civic engagement • this empowers the previously passive communities to fend for their rights. • Finally, feeling empowered, the community stands up against the terrorists Next layer: they are actively engaged in community issues Marginalized victims become Ambassadors for peace 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 6 Ashoka Fellow, Wannakanok Pohitaedaoh: Taking care of victimized and marginalized children
  7. 7. Circumventing conflict Empowering marginalized and victimized children & youth… …to become Ambassadors for Peace… …and for civic engagement Empowered society stands up against terrorists New kind of peacemaking leadership 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 7
  8. 8. The new kind of leaders’ complexity approach: releasing the power of bottom-up dynamics Empowering people, communities and societies in the process of social emergence Their “magic” is building leverage points for autocatalytic bottom-up dynamics …instead, they create an enabling environment for the endogenous processes to thrive They do not confront with issues….. 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 8 1 2 3
  9. 9. A case for you: Holy Rivers of Nepal… Conflict: environmental protection against the construction lobbies 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 9
  10. 10. …are endangered by the construction lobbies • Plans to build dams and concrete regulation • Unavoidable damage to the environment and pollution • Big industries are deluding the dwellers with potential jobs 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 10
  11. 11. Discussion Key players • Construction lobby • Local politicians • Environmental activists • Dwellers along the rivers • Tourists • Tourist business • Rafting guides (choose some, not all) Questions • Ideas on instigating a bottom-up process? • How to make key players motivated… • …and identified with the preservation ideas? • How to make the idea sustainable? 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 11
  12. 12. Megh Ale’s solution: protect the river and help people to make money • Megh’s initial questions: – Do we really need to subsidize ecology? – Maybe on the contrary: everybody can make money by protecting the environment? Megh Ale Ashoka Fellow 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 12
  13. 13. Win-win Megh Ale’s vision • Rafting and water-sports: Megh educates the guides in ecology; they become environmental ambassadors. • How to gain support from dwellers? The idea of „teahouse rafting” – village cafeterias along the river bank • Moreover: the schools in river- villages teach about ecology • Dwellers dialogue with tourists 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 13
  14. 14. Holy Bagmati River’s Festival Megh Ale Ashoka Fellow 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 14
  15. 15. • Various religions Bagmati – Holy River of Nepal • Water ritual 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 15
  16. 16. Guests of the Bagmati River Festival 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 16
  17. 17. The levels of emergence: upward causation Structures level; law, procedures, architecture Symbolic level; narratives, symbols, rituals Interaction level; cooperation, negotiations. Individual level; Attitudes, beliefs Many flexible feedback loops 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 17 Fromchaostoorder Inspired by: Sawyer, R. K. (2007). Social emergence. Societies as complex systems. CUP
  18. 18. • Researches document that fun and dance significantly enhance creativity • Increase brain plasticity • They report that innovating new ideas is fun… • … and as such is one of their core motivations Creativity and fun Creativity is fun Fun augments creativity 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 18
  19. 19. Peace in Middle East: mission (seemingly) impossible 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 19 Traditional peace- building initiatives • short-lived • relapsing back to conflict Top-down conflict resolution methods Mixed Arab – Israeli school programs • An outer force is needed to sustain the ball in the upper position; when the force is removed, natural homeostatic mechanisms will cause a setback to the initial state of equilibrium. • In a natural way, in an adequatly long time, regardless of the action taken, the system has a natural tendency to return to the initial state (equilibrium). Conflict attractor: • Narratives • Life-style • Conflict-related business • Well-known-environment
  20. 20. Arab-Jewish Center for Empowerment, Equality, and Collaboration ) 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 20 Not talking about peace and senstitive issues Instead, doing business together... ...by Arab, Beduin and Jewish women. This brings peace indirectly Peace becomes profitable Dr. Yehudah Paz Peace through empowering women in business Negev Institute for Strategies of Peace and Development (NISPED) Peace in Middle East: building an enabling environment Yehudah Paz Ashoka Fellow
  21. 21. New kind of leadership: instead of addressing issues directly, building preconditions for sustainable solutions 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 21 New attractor is built: •Cooperation •Trust •Profitable business •Women empowerment The old attractor exists, though decreases over time New attractor deepens through successful initiatives The NISPED directors Amal Elsana Alh'jooj (Beduin) and Vivian Silver (Jewish) Arab – Jewish friendship through collaboration Instead of pushing the ball up
  22. 22. New kind of Empowering Leaders (EL): they introduce preconditions for durable peace Facilitating the process of social emergence… …leading to durable, irreversible, and systemic change 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 22 Bottom-up change through empower ment Social capital Societal empathy Societal creativity & fun Identification
  23. 23. A case for you: Empowering women and youth in Afghanistan 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 23 Conflict: • Mindsets re. women’s and youth role and position • Fundamentalists
  24. 24. Discussion: Can one change the position of women in Afghanistan? Key players • Afghan women and… • …men • Local remote communities • Fundamentalist groups Questions • Ideas on instigating a bottom-up process? • How to empower women… • …and also buy in men? • How to remain safe and keep fundamentalists away? 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 24
  25. 25. Reza Deghati, photographer He was traveling around the remote Afghan villages, making photos and thinking... How to help women and children in this patriarchal society.... Reza Deghati Ashoka Fellow 25
  26. 26. Creative idea: to teach women and youth journalism... 26
  27. 27. A women-led radio was established… Documenting the life of families and communities
  28. 28. And an Afghan Media Center... Not in conflict with traditions, but indircetly raising the position of women in the society....
  29. 29. Children also learn journalism and publish their own magazine Pavras Pavras is read by all families and villages in the most remote places...
  30. 30. Documenting became a part of the culture... Children play making movies
  31. 31. Women-made films watched by the whole village...
  32. 32. Reza had a vision and... an entrepreneurial acumen • Reza changed local journalism initiatives into revenue-generating ventures, bringing profit to families • The mindsets re. women changes 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 32
  33. 33. Happy Afghan girls 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 33
  34. 34. Recap: Empowering Leadership: Complexity approach to sustainable peace 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 34 Instead of head- on pushing for change they build preconditions shaping the context, i.e. • social capital • social empathy • societal creativity & fun • new identification They are facilitating endogenous and autocatalytic change dynamics • Identifying and augmenting (latent) potentials • Giving space for people to explore and invent Not necessary charismatic, often from behind the scene • Empowering people and communities They do that by facilitating the process of emergence (upward causation). • Harnessing the chaos-into-order processes • Instead of A to B, B to C lineal planning they rely on multiple feedback loops between A, B and C.
  35. 35. 03/26/2015Ryszard Praszkier, Ph.D.Page 35 Empowering Leadership Social sector Business GovernmentParenting Peacemaking The idea of Empowering Leadership was inspired by Social Entrepreneurs, though it also applies to other fields
  36. 36. Thank you • rpraszkier@ashoka.org The Center for Complex Systems and New Technologies, University of Warsaw Prof. Andrzej Nowak, Head

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