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Nazarbayev Plagiarism Tutorial

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Nazarbayev Plagiarism Tutorial

  1. 1. Literati Academic Presents… Citation and Plagiarism
  2. 2. This tutorial will cover the importance of citing your sources, the types and consequences of plagiarism, as well as strategies for avoiding plagiarism.
  3. 3. A citation is a reference noting the fact that you used a quote, idea, paraphrase, or other mention regarding another’s work in your assignment. Citations can be formatted according to multiple style guidelines, including American Psychological Association (APA), Chicago Manual of Style, and Modern Language Association (MLA). Your professor will specify the style you should use; this decision typically is based on the subject matter.
  4. 4. Why Cite? • By referring to the work of professionals in your field, you draw on their expertise and knowledge. • By citing correctly, you show your professor that you’ve done your research and that you can back up your claims.
  5. 5. Academic Integrity All educational institutions have a policy of academic integrity in place, to help guide students in their understanding of expectations of honest, original schoolwork. Preserving one’s academic integrity requires the capacity to: • Express one’s individual thoughts and ideas • Cite all information gathered from other sources and collaborators • Complete work and exams with accuracy and honesty Students who complete assignments based on original theories, research, and reporting improve their ability to think critically at school and eventually, in the workplace.
  6. 6. Professional Development If you choose to continue your academic career by pursuing an additional degree, the citation skills you develop now will help you continue to produce high quality papers and projects. If you decide to establish a professional career following graduation, these same skills will serve you well as you collaborate with colleagues as a member of a team, research topics for reports, and deliver lectures and other presentations at work.
  7. 7. Plagiarism is the act of misrepresenting other’s work as your own. It is a violation of all schools’ academic policies and in some cases, can prove to be illegal. Citing someone else’s material will avoid committing plagiarism.
  8. 8. The Consequences of Plagiarism Though it’s an accepted practice to draw on the expertise and knowledge of professionals in your field by quoting their research in your paper, you must be sure to give the original author credit for their work. Go on to the next slides to find out what can happen if you plagiarize.
  9. 9. Legal Action In 2010, an Ohio State University graduate’s degree was revoked because she stole many passages from a fellow OSU alumna’s doctorate. Not only was her degree revoked, and all of her hard work deemed irrelevant, but the Bowling Green State University professor who wrote the original passages sued the graduate for $15,000. The consequences of not using information ethically extend beyond campus.
  10. 10. Expulsion In 2008, a student who participated in the University of Virginia’s Global Studies Program was expelled from the program, because she copied a source wordfor-word for an assignment without citing the source.
  11. 11. Sullied Reputation Though expulsion from school, legal issues and failing grades are devastating consequences in and of themselves, the consequences of not using information ethically extend beyond campus. In 2006, a Harvard undergraduate was accused of copying parts of another book into her newly published novel. As a result, her book was pulled from the shelves and her potential for future projects greatly decreased as her reputation was sullied.
  12. 12. Types of Plagiarism There are many different types of plagiarism. Two of the most common are intentional and unintentional plagiarism.
  13. 13. Intentional Plagiarism Plagiarism by intent is also considered academic dishonesty. Whether it is falsified data and citations or using someone else’s work as your own, it is all considered plagiarism.
  14. 14. Unintentional Plagiarism You can also plagiarize unintentionally by forgetting to cite, losing a citation, or even not fully understanding when you need to cite - even ideas must be referenced.
  15. 15. Self Plagiarism It is also possible to plagiarize yourself. One example of self plagiarism is reusing parts of a paper you turned in last year or even retitling the paper and turning it in again for a different class. You must always cite, even if you cite yourself.
  16. 16. Tips to Avoid Plagiarism: • Keep organized notes to track your sources. • Cite whenever you use anything from others’ research – this includes when you quote, paraphrase, or summarize. • Do not use research papers from your friends or classmates, and do not share yours. • Do not buy or download research papers online.
  17. 17. When Do You Cite? You should cite your sources whenever you use information that belongs to someone else. This includes when you quote, when you paraphrase or even when you summarize main points from someone else’s work. If you are unsure about whether or not to cite something, talk to a reference librarian on the 3rd floor or NU Library.
  18. 18. As we learned earlier, there are different citation styles that you can use to format the references in your paper or project. The most common are APA, Chicago, and MLA. Again, APA is used in the social sciences, including anthropology, economics, history, political science, psychology, and sociology. Chicago covers the arts and humanities, and sciences and social sciences; while MLA is used by the liberal arts and humanities, including fine arts, languages, literature, and philosophy. It is important to pay attention to your professor’s preference for style format and ask for assistance via the library’s Reference Help service, where you can learn to create reference lists.
  19. 19. Check your answer on the next slide. Test Your Skills: You got an A on a coastal erosion paper in a previous class. You are in a new class where you can pick your own topic. You simply update a few sections and turn it again. Is this Plagiarism?
  20. 20. Yes. This is self plagiarism. It is also called “recycling fraud.” As a student seeking a degree for completion of assignments this activity is fraudulently getting credit again for one assignment. Software such as Turnitin may also catch this activity.
  21. 21. Check your answer on the next slide. Test Your Skills: Your assignment is to express an opinion about a topic you know nothing about. You find an academic blog from a well known scientist and use his stated opinion as your own with no attribution or acknowledgement. Is this Plagiarism?
  22. 22. Yes. All information formats must be cited. Though a scientist is well known, the opinion cannot be considered to be a well-known fact or common knowledge. Professors often Google entire portions of discussion posts to see if any sections have been copied and pasted.
  23. 23. Check your answer on the next slide. Test Your Skills: You are required to use an academic Sociology Journal to reply to a questions. You find a far easier to read article in a “Letters to the Editor” section of an online newsletter. You cite the article that the Letter to the Editor is about and never find the original work. Is this Plagiarism?
  24. 24. No. However, it is an academically unsound practice. Citing a research paper when only the abstract is available to you is also poor practice. The essential rule to maintain academic integrity is to only cite full text works that you have read and reviewed yourself. Do the work.
  25. 25. Conclusion This tutorial introduced you to the different types of plagiarism and gave you tips on how to avoid it. Want to learn more about citation? • • • • The Purdue OWL APA Style Tutorial Chicago Manual Online Copyright Clearance Center Basics Apply your knowledge of citation to respect intellectual property rights and use information ethically when completing your next research assignment.

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