Implementing Plan S
UCL Plan S Town Hall Meeting
8 January 2019
Catherine Sharp, Open Access Team
• UKRI, Wellcome Trust, EC (including ERC), Gates Foundation
• UKRI open access policy review 2019, including the next REF
• Wellcome Trust’s Plan S-compliant policy applies to articles submitted
from 1 January 2020
Fully open access
journal (Plan S
All content in the journal is openly accessible (Gold). Journals
registered in Directory of Open Access journals that license the
content under CC BY. Examples: PLOS ONE, Scientific Reports.
Hybrid journal Subscription journals that offer the option to pay a fee to make
selected papers open access on the publisher’s website, but where
other content is only available via subscription. Hybrid journals are
compliant with Plan S only where they allow open access in a
repository on publication (i.e. 0 embargo on open access) with the
CC BY licence, or where the journal is covered by a transformative
open access deal.
Gold open access Immediate open access on the publisher’s website, on publication,
often for a fee (article processing charge). All content in fully open
access journals is Gold.
Green open access Making an output (usually the accepted manuscript version) openly
available in a repository.
Mirror journals Journals comprising a subscription journal and a nearly-identical
open access journal. e.g. Water Research X (Elsevier). Mirror
journals do not qualify as fully open access under Plan S.
Current funder policies
Bloodwise, British Heart Foundation, Cancer Research UK, Parkinson's UK,
Versus Arthritis, Wellcome Trust:
• Funds available for fully open access journals and hybrid open
access in subscription journals
Research Councils (AHRC, BBSRC, EPSRC, ESRC, MRC, NERC, STFC):
• Grants provided to institutions to fund fully open access and hybrid
• UCL has some remaining funds for hybrid, but not fully open access;
UCL Publications Board is considering priorities for 2019-20 grant
• Green currently complies where the embargo is no more than 6
months (MRC), 12 months (BBSRC, EPSRC, NERC, STFC), 24
months (AHRC, ESRC)
REF 2021 open access policy:
• Upload manuscript to RPS before 3 months after online publication
• Open access after 12 months (Panels A and B) or 24 months
(Panels C and D) complies; exceptions for longer embargoes
Subscription journals and repository deposit
Plan S allows open access in repositories with 0 embargo and CC BY
(but this depends on the repository and licence)
• Proceedings of the Royal Society (Royal Society) 0 embargo, CC BY
• Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (Sage) 0 embargo
• Journal for Multicultural Education (Emerald) 0 embargo
• Physical Review A (American Physical Society) 0 embargo
Current embargoes (http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/)
• Journal of Neuroscience (Society for Neuroscience), Lancet, Nature 6 months
• Brain (OUP), Cell (Cell Press), Energy (Elsevier) 12 months
• Applied Economics (Taylor and Francis) 18 months
• European Journal of Political Economy (Elsevier), History (Wiley) 24 months
• Will subscription publishers (including societies) be prepared to adopt 0
embargo with CC BY?
• Plan S requires repositories to store full text in XML in JATS standard.
Conversion would be costly for HEIs. Will subscription publishers provide
authors with final XML versions, at no extra cost to HEIs?
• Plan S allows publication in subscription journals where an institution
has a transformative agreement – for 3 years
• Offsetting deals offset APCs against subscription costs (discounts)
• Read and publish deals allowing all outputs from an institution to be
published open access
• Examples (2018): Springer Compact, RSC Read & Publish, IOP
• Jisc negotiates subscription agreements on behalf of UK HEIs
• Currently under negotiation: Springer, RSC, Taylor & Francis, Wiley
• What is a transformative agreement?
• All outputs from an institution, all UK outputs?
• Funding for Plan S and non-Plan S outputs
For advice on the implications of Plan S or to arrange a department or
faculty discussion with the Open Access Team, contact:
Comment and discuss