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“Standards-Based Grading: What is it and why
are so many schools interested in it?”
Matt Townsley
Director of Instruction/...
A little bit about me…
BA ‘04 – Math Education
M.Ed. ’09 – Curriculum &
Instructional Technology
‘12 – Educational
Leaders...
www.mctownsley.net/resources/
“Those who enter the profession
of education must answer one
basic philosophical question: Is
my purpose to select talent ...
Complete the math assessment
“Often in grading...we continue
to use old policies and
practices, not because of
their proven merit, but simply
because,‘...
Apprenticeship
of Observation
-Dan Lortie
THINK – PAIR - SHARE
“What can I do to raise my
grade?” – Secondary student
Study: Two papers sent to 200 English
teachers. 143 teachers scored them.
Paper 1 scores ranged from 64-98%
Paper 2 scores...
Study: Paper sent to 90 English teachers
after they had attend Traits of Writing
training. 73 teachers graded the papers.
...
Study: 128 math teachers graded
Geometry tasks.
Scores ranged from 28 to 95 percent.
“Reliability of the grading of high s...
“No more extra credit materials”
pledge
I promise…
to eliminate extra credit for materials, including
but not limited to…
...
John Doe
3
Good job!
14
__
16
Bob: HW: 100%; Quiz: 100%; Test: 100%
Suzy: HW: 75%; Quiz: 80%; Test: 100%
Who gets a better grade?
Which student knows mo...
Agree or Disagree?
Students learn at
different rates and
different paces.
Last Friday’s Test: 50%
Next Friday: “I understand it now…”
What about Jo-Jo?
This morning…
1. What are several identifiable weaknesses
with current grading practices?
2. What is standards-based gradi...
What is standards-
based grading (SBG)?
What is YOUR
understanding of
standards-based
grading?
1 – never heard of it
2 – Heard about it, but that’s about it.
3 – ...
What stays the same?
• Calculate grade point averages and letter
grades
• Same high school transcript in 2015 as we
had in...
Grading Guidelines
1. Entries in the grade book that count towards the final grade will be
limited to course or grade leve...
Which guideline do students
struggle with the most?
1. Grade book entries are standards.
2. No extra credit.
3. Retakes an...
What does SBG look
like in the classroom?
Flickr image used with permission
http://www.flickr.com/photos/johnmarchan/562116408/
www.mctownsley.net/resources/
Each standard is recorded using a
consistent scale:
A second look at the math assessment
Why is holistic scoring needed?
What is the name of the 14th US president?
a) Lincoln b) Pierce c) Fillmore d) Hitler
What...
Homework not
included in final
grade
THINK (about what you’ve seen so far)
PAIR (find a person you haven’t talked with yet
today)
SHARE (questions, a-ha moment...
Sample Reassessment Policy/Schedule
Dawn Posekany, Solon HS Science Teacher
Patti Edwards, Solon HS
Math Teacher
Secondary Final Grade Conversion
Solon example:
10 standards @ 4 = 40
James: 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 1, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4
37 / 40 = 92....
Other Iowa schools?
Source: Spring 2013 SBG Conference participants
Solon
Van Meter
Clear Creek
Amana MS
Waukee MS
West Br...
www.SBGVideos.org
Other Resources
• #sblchat on Twitter
• Fair isn’t Always Equal by Rick Wormeli
• How to Grade for Learning by Ken O’Conno...
December 2013 issue of Educational Leadership
Your questions!
Matt Townsley
mtownsley@solon.k12.ia.us
@mctownsley
Solon Implementation Timeline
2008-09
A math teacher begins to experiment with SBG after learning about
grading shifts at ...
Solon Implementation Timeline (con’t)
2011-12
District study: “SCSD stakeholders will analyze and study aspects of
standar...
Solon Implementation Timeline (con’t)
2012-13
Professional learning at the middle school and high
school focuses on implem...
Solon Implementation Timeline (con’t)
2013-14
Middle school and high school teachers implement
the grading guidelines in a...
Standards-
Based Grading
Competency-
Based Education
?
Principles of CBE Pathways
Source: IA Dept. of Education CBE Guidelines
• Students advance upon mastery
• Explicit and mea...
A standards-based grading (SBG) philosophy is similar,
but not synonymous with the idea of competency-based
education (CBE...
Standards-based grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?
Standards-based grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?
Standards-based grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?
Standards-based grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?
Standards-based grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?
Standards-based grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?
Standards-based grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?
Standards-based grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?
Standards-based grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?
Standards-based grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?
Standards-based grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?
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Standards-based grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?

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Standards-based grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?

  1. 1. “Standards-Based Grading: What is it and why are so many schools interested in it?” Matt Townsley Director of Instruction/Technology Previously High School Math Teacher Solon Community Schools mtownsley@solon.k12.ia.us Twitter: @mctownsley
  2. 2. A little bit about me… BA ‘04 – Math Education M.Ed. ’09 – Curriculum & Instructional Technology ‘12 – Educational Leadership coursework High School Math Teacher: 2004-2010 District Administrator: 2010 - present
  3. 3. www.mctownsley.net/resources/
  4. 4. “Those who enter the profession of education must answer one basic philosophical question: Is my purpose to select talent or develop it?” -Tom Guskey, “Five Obstacles to Grading Reform” Educational Leadership, November 2011 THINK – PAIR – SHARE What would a teacher look like who believes in sorting? What would a teacher look like who believes in developing?
  5. 5. Complete the math assessment
  6. 6. “Often in grading...we continue to use old policies and practices, not because of their proven merit, but simply because,‘we’ve always done it that way”and never asked, ‘why?’” -Guskey & Bailey, [Developing Standards-based report cards, 2009, p. 3]
  7. 7. Apprenticeship of Observation -Dan Lortie
  8. 8. THINK – PAIR - SHARE “What can I do to raise my grade?” – Secondary student
  9. 9. Study: Two papers sent to 200 English teachers. 143 teachers scored them. Paper 1 scores ranged from 64-98% Paper 2 scores ranged from 50-97% When did this Starch & Elliott study take place? Research on Grading
  10. 10. Study: Paper sent to 90 English teachers after they had attend Traits of Writing training. 73 teachers graded the papers. Paper scores ranged from 50-96% “Reliability of Grading High School Work in English” from Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, November 2011, by Brimi Research on Grading (con’t)
  11. 11. Study: 128 math teachers graded Geometry tasks. Scores ranged from 28 to 95 percent. “Reliability of the grading of high school work in mathematics” from School Review, 1913, by Starch & Elliott Research on Grading (con’t)
  12. 12. “No more extra credit materials” pledge I promise… to eliminate extra credit for materials, including but not limited to… Kleenex boxes, white board markers and reams of paper… because students should learn to earn a grade rather than buying it.
  13. 13. John Doe 3 Good job! 14 __ 16
  14. 14. Bob: HW: 100%; Quiz: 100%; Test: 100% Suzy: HW: 75%; Quiz: 80%; Test: 100% Who gets a better grade? Which student knows more? Which student learned more? THINK – PAIR - SHARE
  15. 15. Agree or Disagree? Students learn at different rates and different paces.
  16. 16. Last Friday’s Test: 50% Next Friday: “I understand it now…” What about Jo-Jo?
  17. 17. This morning… 1. What are several identifiable weaknesses with current grading practices? 2. What is standards-based grading (SBG)? 3. What does SBG look like in the classroom? 4. You asking LOTS of questions! (and some bonus content, if we have time)
  18. 18. What is standards- based grading (SBG)?
  19. 19. What is YOUR understanding of standards-based grading? 1 – never heard of it 2 – Heard about it, but that’s about it. 3 – Read about it or discussed it. 4 – I could probably lead this discussion today.
  20. 20. What stays the same? • Calculate grade point averages and letter grades • Same high school transcript in 2015 as we had in 1995 • Requires students to complete courses with peers in 9 weeks, 18 weeks, etc. • Expect students to complete assignments outside of class.
  21. 21. Grading Guidelines 1. Entries in the grade book that count towards the final grade will be limited to course or grade level standards.** 2. Extra credit will not be given at any time. 3. Students will be allowed multiple opportunities to demonstrate their understanding of classroom standards in various ways. Retakes and revisions will be allowed. 4. Teachers will determine grade book entries by considering multiple points of data emphasizing the most recent data and provide evidence to support their determination. 5. Students will be provided multiple opportunities to practice standards independently through homework or other class work. Practice assignments and activities will be consistent with classroom standards for the purpose of providing feedback. Practice assignments, including homework, will not be included as part of the final grade. **Exceptions will be made for midterm and/or final summative assessments. These assessments, limited to no more than one per nine-week period may be reported as a whole in the grade book.
  22. 22. Which guideline do students struggle with the most? 1. Grade book entries are standards. 2. No extra credit. 3. Retakes and revisions. 4. Use multiple data points to determine grade book entry. Emphasize most recent. 5. Practice/homework not included as part of final grade.
  23. 23. What does SBG look like in the classroom?
  24. 24. Flickr image used with permission http://www.flickr.com/photos/johnmarchan/562116408/
  25. 25. www.mctownsley.net/resources/
  26. 26. Each standard is recorded using a consistent scale:
  27. 27. A second look at the math assessment
  28. 28. Why is holistic scoring needed? What is the name of the 14th US president? a) Lincoln b) Pierce c) Fillmore d) Hitler What year did the Boston Tea Party take place? a) 1773 b) 1776 c) 1812 d) 2016
  29. 29. Homework not included in final grade
  30. 30. THINK (about what you’ve seen so far) PAIR (find a person you haven’t talked with yet today) SHARE (questions, a-ha moments)
  31. 31. Sample Reassessment Policy/Schedule Dawn Posekany, Solon HS Science Teacher
  32. 32. Patti Edwards, Solon HS Math Teacher
  33. 33. Secondary Final Grade Conversion Solon example: 10 standards @ 4 = 40 James: 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 1, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4 37 / 40 = 92.5% = A Another example: A = All 4’s except <50% 3.5 B = All 4s, 3.5s, and <50% 3s
  34. 34. Other Iowa schools? Source: Spring 2013 SBG Conference participants Solon Van Meter Clear Creek Amana MS Waukee MS West Branch Oskaloosa
  35. 35. www.SBGVideos.org
  36. 36. Other Resources • #sblchat on Twitter • Fair isn’t Always Equal by Rick Wormeli • How to Grade for Learning by Ken O’Connor • Read anything written by Tom Guskey 
  37. 37. December 2013 issue of Educational Leadership
  38. 38. Your questions! Matt Townsley mtownsley@solon.k12.ia.us @mctownsley
  39. 39. Solon Implementation Timeline 2008-09 A math teacher begins to experiment with SBG after learning about grading shifts at ICTM conference 2009-2010 A second high school teacher begins to move towards SBG after a parking lot conversation with a colleague. A group of eight high school teachers voluntarily form a ten week study group to discuss grading and assessment articles. 2010-11 High school teachers in the study group(and a few more) begin implementing aspects of SBG. Two middle school teachers join in. End of year: District establishes a study for 2011-12 that “stakeholders will analyze and study aspects of standards-based grading and reporting at all grade levels.”
  40. 40. Solon Implementation Timeline (con’t) 2011-12 District study: “SCSD stakeholders will analyze and study aspects of standards-based grading and reporting at all grade levels.” High school and middle school teachers discuss various articles during professional learning. Early adopters share with colleagues during professional learning. Several teachers, students and administrators share with SIAC (and later with board of education) Anonymous staff survey in March indicates ~80% of staff are already implementing grading guidelines or willing to do so with support. Board of education approves grading guidelines and 2-year implementation phase-in.
  41. 41. Solon Implementation Timeline (con’t) 2012-13 Professional learning at the middle school and high school focuses on implementing the grading guidelines. Middle school and high school teachers implement the grading guidelines with at least one of their classes by the beginning of the 4th quarter. (Formed a standards-based grading task force of teachers and administrators)
  42. 42. Solon Implementation Timeline (con’t) 2013-14 Middle school and high school teachers implement the grading guidelines in all classes at the beginning of the school year (if they haven’t already) 2014-present Years of full implementation and refinement.
  43. 43. Standards- Based Grading Competency- Based Education ?
  44. 44. Principles of CBE Pathways Source: IA Dept. of Education CBE Guidelines • Students advance upon mastery • Explicit and measurable learning objectives that empower students • Assessment is meaningful and a positive learning experience for students • Rapid, differentiated support for students who fall behind or become disengaged • Learning outcomes emphasize application and creation of knowledge
  45. 45. A standards-based grading (SBG) philosophy is similar, but not synonymous with the idea of competency-based education (CBE). SBG is a way of thinking about grading and assessment that more clearly communicates with parents and students how well learners currently understand the course objectives/standards/competencies. CBE is a system in which students move from one level of learning to the next based on their understanding of pre- determined competencies/standards/objectives without regard to seat time, days or hours. A competency-based system may utilize a standards-based report card to communicate student learning, however the two educational terms are not, by definition, the same.

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