Practical Permaculture for Carbon Farmes

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Nick Ritar from Milkwood Permaculture explained the opportunity presented by this Australian land managment technique, at the Carbon Farming Conference & Expo at Orange NSW Australia November 2009

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  • “ Wetlands can capture carbon at a tremendous rate,” says UC Davis soil biogeochemist William Horwath. An acre can grow about 15 tons of plant material per year, which contains about 8 tons of carbon. Of that, 90% is lost to bacterial decomposition and the rest is captured in soil. The Delta is particularly well suited to carbon-capture farming. “It's one of the most productive ecosystems on the planet,” says Horwath, who is also the UC Sustainable Agriculture Farming Systems (SAFS) project leader. “There are lots of nutrients and the climate is ideal.”
  • Practical Permaculture for Carbon Farmes

    1. 1. Nick Ritar Farmer Teacher Consultant
    2. 2. PERMACULTURE A PRACTICAL APPROACH FOR CARBON FARMERS BLUE BEFORE GREEN AND BLACK
    3. 3. Permaculture Ethics & Principles Permaculture Ethics & Principles Permaculture Ethics & Principles
    4. 7. PERMACULTURE DESIGN FOOD & CLIMATE SECURITY LOCALISATION
    5. 14. Cocksfoot Rhodes Setaria Signal Green Panic Bambatsi Kikuyu Canary Grass Finger Grass Couch Lucerne Siratro Chicory
    6. 18. Yobarnie, Layout, 1988 Diagram: Permaculture: A Designers Manual
    7. 19. Yobarnie, >2010, AUD$40.2million, 300 Retirement Village
    8. 20. 1. Plow to 2” below new root depth 2. Remove stock for 4-6 weeks 3. Just at onset of flowering: Planned graze to 3 leaf stage Existing Condition: Shallow, Compacted, Drought-Prone Topsoil 1. Soil Test – Mineral/Soil Food Web 2. Plow to 2” below hard pan 3. Remove stock for 4-6 weeks 4. Just at onset of flowering: Planned graze to 3 leaf stage 1. Plow to 2” below new root depth: Max out at 12-15” 2. Remove stock for 4-6 weeks 3. Just at onset of flowering: Planned graze to 3 leaf stage Yeomans Keyline Plow – Plowing for Rapid & Cheap Soil Development (Pasture) And Another Thing: 1% increase in Organic Matter = 57 tonne/ha capture in Atmospheric CO2 ! (That’s twice your total annual emissions)
    9. 21. Compost Tea to boost soil biology over large areas
    10. 22. Direct injection of soil biology into the root zone
    11. 23. Direct injection of soil biology into the root zone
    12. 24. Direct injection of soil biology into the root zone
    13. 25. Keyline Drought Proofing
    14. 26. Mark Keypoint of the Valley
    15. 27. Mark the Keyline & build 4 ML dam
    16. 28. Mark and build 1:400 catchment drains
    17. 29. Add 2.5ML saddle dam and irrigation drains
    18. 30. Add more catchment drains and gravity fed water pipes
    19. 31. Add ridge & contour roads and contour strip/crest forestry
    20. 32. Neighbours are dry! Plenty of feed and water left in the dam!
    21. 34. CO 2 Sequestration - Trees or Soil or Both? Zone 4 TREES CONS: Expensive & Slow ($2000/ha & 15+ years to sequester 200 tonnes/ha CO 2 ) Locks up land from production PROS: Climate/Landscape stabiliser/modifier High values where harvested More Effective SeqC in Tropics SOILS CONS: Measuring? Maybe PROS: Cheap & Fast ($20/ha & 1 year to sequester 57 tonnes/ha CO 2 ) Requires production to develop Organic by default More Effective in Temperates/Drylands TREES & SOILS Stable & productive integrated system!
    22. 35. Forestry & Grazing – Lancefield AU
    23. 36. Swales to harvest water and grow trees Zone 4 – Goulburn NSW
    24. 37. Swales to harvest water and grow trees Zone 4 – Bungendore NSW
    25. 38. Swales to harvest water and grow trees Zone 4 – Chipas Mexico
    26. 39. Swales to harvest water and grow trees Zone 4 – California USA
    27. 40. Swales to harvest water and grow trees Zone 4 – Mudgee NSW
    28. 46. 1 million hectare (2.5 million acre) Soil, Water & Carbon!
    29. 48. Shameless Plug Upcoming Courses • 26 Nov – 3 day Compost & Compost Tea Workshop – Mudgee • 5 Dec – 2 day Intro to Permaculture – Mudgee • 14 Jan – 3 day Keyline Design – Richmond • 21 Feb – 14 day Permaculture Design Certificate – Mudgee More courses and information at www.MilkwoodPermaculture.com.au FREE for PRIMARY PRODUCERS and their families
    30. 49. More Information www.yeomansplow.com.au www.soilandhealth.org.au www.permaculture.org.au www.holisticmanagement.org www.permaculture.biz and us www.MilkwoodPermaculture.com.au
    31. 50. Thanks The Carbon Coalition Tony Coote @ Mulloon Creek Natural Farms Peter Andrews - Natural Sequence Farming Bill Molison and David Holmgren Darren Doherty – Australia Felix Permaculture Geoff Lawton – The Permaculture Research Institute Ben Falloon – Taranaki Farm

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