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Multiple Selves?! Growing leaders applied. (Agile Tour London #ATLDN 2018)

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Mindfulness is well-known for reducing stress but how does it fit with agile and lean thinking and the business world?

It does very well as it supports developing authentic human beings who know when to lead and when to follow. It helps to grow responsible, resilient and courageous individuals who contribute to a ‘whole’ by delivering value in a sustainable manner. And it all starts with your self/selves. Be curious!

In this session, we will first focus on language, identity and awareness and how these rather basic ‘human things’ are relevant for modern leaders. I will guide you with the help of a validated psychological model how to identify and strengthen your personal leadership abilities. Together we will make connections to where you are right now and which techniques you can take right away to integrate mindfulness directly in your (business) life to actually take the next step towards your best possible self/selves.

Published in: Leadership & Management
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Multiple Selves?! Growing leaders applied. (Agile Tour London #ATLDN 2018)

  1. 1. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 1 Multiple Selves?! Growing leaders applied. Cosima Laube Agile Tour London, 2018 #ATLDN Why are YOU here?
  2. 2. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 2 cosima@laube:~$ whoami Why am I here?
  3. 3. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 3 Well, that escalated happened quickly... Product Development is People Work
  4. 4. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 4 Fight Flight Feed Freeze Fear … back to university!
  5. 5. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 5 Bridge Builder & Travel Guide
  6. 6. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 6 Leadership starts with YOURSELF “[…] the first person I need to lead is me. The first person that I should try to change is me.” [John C. Maxwell]
  7. 7. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 7 What is a good first step? Leadership starts with YOURSELF Leader-ship
  8. 8. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 8 Leadership Leadership starts with YOUR SELF
  9. 9. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 9 Why are YOU here? Quick Outline
  10. 10. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 10 Some science… „Multiple Selves“ Model Even more science… How does the model work in detail? How to grow (with) others? Where to start YOUR journey… How to grow yourself?
  11. 11. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 11 „Multiple Selves“ Model [Atkins & Styles, 2015] process story perspec tive
  12. 12. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 12 1. Self as story story Self as story
  13. 13. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 13 Pro: • predictability • coherence Con: - too past-oriented - often too rigid - limiting yourself Self as story 2. Self as process process
  14. 14. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 14 Self as process Self as process • socially useful ( predictability) • basis of self-regulation
  15. 15. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 15 3. Self as perspective perspec tive Self as perspective
  16. 16. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 16 pro- cess story pers pecti ve pro- cess story pers pecti ve
  17. 17. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 17 process story perspec tive process story perspec tive
  18. 18. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 18 Psychological Flexibility ++
  19. 19. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 19
  20. 20. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 20 Seeing the „whole“ picture Honoring your values and goals
  21. 21. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 21 More options per situation YOU being the driver Psychological Flexibility Flexible, authentic, responsive Self [Atkins & Parker, 2012]
  22. 22. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 22 Psych. Flexibility Leadership skills increases Leadership Motivation Self-Management Self-Awareness
  23. 23. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 23 How does it work ? Multiple Selves Identity = behaviour + mental relations [Atkins & Styles, 2015]
  24. 24. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 24 Identity = behaviour + mental relations = what we do + what we think about it [Atkins & Styles, 2015] Identity = behaviour + mental relations = { 3 senses of self, social experiences, human ability to refer to past / future } [Atkins & Styles, 2015]
  25. 25. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 25 Psych. Flexibility Leadership skills Identity increases „… [identity] is NOT a reflection of some underlying true self.“ [Atkins & Styles, 2015] Identity
  26. 26. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 26 „… [identity] is NOT a reflection of some underlying true self.“ „[how] a person talks about [their] self is the act of creating an identity“ [Atkins & Styles, 2015] Identity Main driver for Identity: Language [Relational Frame Theory: Hayes et al. (2001)]
  27. 27. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 27 Psych. Flexibility Leadership skills Identity Language creates increases Where to start ?
  28. 28. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 28 1. Getting aware 2. 3. Talking & learning about the 3 Selves is a (self-)coaching intervention [Berger & Atkins, 2009]
  29. 29. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 29 1. Getting aware 2. Self-Talk 3. Psych. Flexibility Leadership skills Identity Language creates increases
  30. 30. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 30 proce ss story pers pecti ve Self-talk
  31. 31. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 31 I‘m the most important one here…. „I am the king of <FooBar42>…“ „I‘m the hero!“
  32. 32. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 32 Which examples of self-talk come to your mind?
  33. 33. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 33 Where did it make a difference how you talked to yourself?
  34. 34. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 34 Best possible Selves (take-home exercise) [King, 2001; Blickhan, 2015] pro- cess story pers pecti ve
  35. 35. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 35 pro- cess pers pecti ve story 1. Getting aware 2. Self-Talk 3. Mindfulness
  36. 36. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 36 Mindfulness Psych. Flexibility Leadership skills Identity Language creates increases facilitates Leadership Motivation Self-Management Self-Awareness Mindfulness
  37. 37. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 37 Mindfulness „A self-regulated attentional stance oriented towards present-moment experience that is characterized by curiosity, openness, and acceptance.“ [Dahl, Lutz, Davidson (2015)]
  38. 38. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 38 pro- cess pers pecti ve story Mind- ful- ness What kind of practise is that ‚mindful practise‘?
  39. 39. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 39 Three breaths pro- cess pers pecti ve story Mind- ful- ness
  40. 40. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 40 pro- cess pers pecti ve story Mind- ful- ness pro- cess pers pecti ve story Mind- ful- ness
  41. 41. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 41 process pers pecti ve Mind- ful- ness story process pers- pective Mind- ful- ness story
  42. 42. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 42 process story pers- pective process story pers- pective
  43. 43. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 43 How to grow with others? One minute to arrive (individually or as group check-in)
  44. 44. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 44 Noticing (a.k.a. „Name it to tame it.“) Leadership Empathy Motivation Self-Management Self-Awareness Mindfulness
  45. 45. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 45 Shift to connection (variation of 3 breaths)
  46. 46. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 46 Three breaths Shift to connection Noticing / Name it to tame it Minute to arrive / Check-in Best possible selves Leadership starts with your SELF
  47. 47. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 47 That‘s all I have… http://cosima-laube.de Day Parenting (take-home) [Bonifer & Shternshus, 2015] [Cosima Laube L.I.S.T.E.N. Blog]
  48. 48. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 48 Sources on the „Multiple Selves“ model Atkins, P. W. B., & Styles, R. (2015). Mindfulness, identity and work: mindfulness training creates a more flexible sense of self. In J. Reb & P. W. B. Atkins (Eds.), Mindfulness in Organizations: Foundations, research, and applications (pp. 133–162). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/290490487_Mindfulness_identity_and_work_Mi ndfulness_training_creates_a_more_flexible_sense_of_self Atkins, P. W. B., & Parker, S. K. (2012). Understanding Individual Compassion in Organizations: The Role of Appraisals and Psychological Flexibility. Academy of Management Review, 37(4), 524–546. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2010.0490 Hayes, S. C., Barnes-Holmes, D., & Roche, B. (2001). Relational Frame Theory: A Post- Skinnerian Account of Human Language and Cognition. New York: Plenum Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2407(02)80063-5 Berger, J. G. and Atkins, P. W. B. (2009). Mapping complexity of mind: using the subject- object interview in coaching. Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice, 2 (1), 23-36. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/233282213_Mapping_complexity_of_mind_Usin g_the_subject-object_interview_in_coaching Sources on Mindfulness, Work and Leadership Good, D. J., Lyddy, C. J., Glomb, T. M., Bono, J. E., Brown, K. W., Duffy, M. K., Lazar, S. W. (2016). Contemplating Mindfulness at Work: An Integrative Review. Journal of Management, 42(1), 114–142. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206315617003 Shapiro, S. L., Carlson, L. E., Astin, J. A., & Freedman, B. (2006). Mechanisms of mindfulness. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62(3), 373–386. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20237 Dahl, C. J., Lutz, A., & Davidson, R. J. (2015). Reconstructing and deconstructing the self: cognitive mechanisms in meditation practice. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19(9), 515–523. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2015.07.001 van Dierendonck, D. (2011). Servant Leadership: A Review and Synthesis. Journal of Management, 37(4), 1228–1261. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206310380462 Systematic iterature review on Mindfulness and Leadership (Bachelor thesis, Cosima Laube 2017) – available on demand
  49. 49. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 49 Sources Books, exercises & more (1) Listening and Clean Language • Hartley, Tamsin(2017): The Listening Space – A New Path to Personal Discovery Positive Psychology • Blickhan, D. (2015). Positive Psychologie: ein Handbuch für die Praxis. Paderborn: Junfermann Verlag. Best Possible Selves Exercise • King, L. A. (2001). The health benefits of writing about life goals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(7), 798–807. doi: 10.1177/0146167201 277003, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/247895325_The_Health_Benefits_of_Writing _about_Life_Goals • See pages 152/153 in Blickhan (2015) for a short description in German Karate Kid: Wax on, Wax off • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ynryUjGFt8 FITNESS TRAINING. Sources Books, exercises & more (2) Improvisation / gamification of mindfulness for business organisations: • Bonifer, Mike & Shternshus, Jessie (2015): CTRL-Shift Day Parenting Exercise: • Cosima Laube L.I.S.T.E.N. Blog: http://blog.cosima-laube.de/blog/20180419_ctrl- shift_dayParenting The Hanselminutes Tech Podcast with April Wensel on Compassionate Coding • https://hanselminutes.com/641/compassionate-coding-with-april-wensel
  50. 50. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 50 • 4 days (best) in a row • 20 minutes per day • 1 life domain per day (health, work, partner/family, friends, treating yourself, …) Best Possible Self – in a nutshell 1 • first minutes: step mentally into your future best possible self in that life domain • ~15 minutes: be your best possible self • Write continuously • How are you? • What do you do? • What is important to you? • Don‘t stop writing! • Don‘t judge. • Be surprised! Best Possible Self – in a nutshell 2
  51. 51. Agile Tour London 2018 #ATLDN 19th October 2018 Created by Cosima Laube (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) 51 Picture sources & credits slide 11, 22, 38-42: Cosima Laube slide 61/665 photos from illustrations taken from the German version of the book „Quiet the self“ by Matthew Johnstone (therefore not included in public versions of these slides!) all others: http://unsplash.com

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