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Treating Concrete like a Plastic,
some experiments
Wim Poelman
Industrial Designer, not a concrete specialist
PhD Technolo...
MaterialDesign
de beleving van …..
De Stichting MaterialDesign organiseert o.a.
bijeenkomsten in nauwe samenwerking tussen...
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 3
Beleving van materialen
zie: www. materialdesign.nl
Imitatie De-materialisat...
Material design
• Refers to the design of materials as one of
many design disciplines like architectural
design, graphic d...
Characteristics Material design
• Longer time to market
• Closer to fundamental sciences
• Walls between disciplines
10/31...
Alcantara
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 6
Glare
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 7
Material design
Distinction can be made between material inventions, material
development and material design.
• Material ...
Biomimicry, Janine Benyus
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 9
Biomimicry, The lotus effect
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 10
Termite hill as a source for efficient air
conditioning systems
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 11
Serious Play, Michael Schrage
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 12
Serious Play (Michael Schrage)
• The strategy of technomimicry is furthermore
based on the work of Michael Schrage and
esp...
Example, bionische hand
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 14
Case Study
A vision is developed, based on a multidisciplinary discussion,
in which concepts like material design and biom...
Research question
“Why are manufacturing techniques in
plastics more advanced than in concrete?”
Sub-questions:
• What cou...
Case Study
• Application of manufacturing techniques from
the plastics industry for manufacturing of
concrete components
•...
Case Study
Five were chosen for experiments:
• Integral foam
• Extrusion
• Pressure molding
• Rotomolding
• Cold impact ex...
Case Study, integral foam
examples
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 19
Case Study, integral foam
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 20
Case Study, Rotomolding
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 21
Case Study, pressure molding
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 22
Case study, cold impact extrusion
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 23
Case Study, cold impact extrusion
• a concrete window frame, façade element by
cold impact extrusion with disposible molds...
Case Study, bonusses
• Application of disposible molds, applying cnc
cutting technology with hot wire
• High quality surfa...
Engineered Cementitious Composite
(ECC)
Invented by Victor C. Li
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 26
Extrusion of ECC
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 27
Light weight concrete poles
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 28
ECC Sandwich panels
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 29
Concrete conclusions and future work
A conclusion from this research project is that the transfer of
technology between do...
Recommendations
• the methodology: the method should be worked out in
more detail. In this project a trial and error appro...
Technomimicry
• Biomimicry is a source for innovation.
In Biomimicry nature offers the inspiration for
solutions.
• In the...
Thank You!
Please direct specialised questions to:
Wim Poelman: wim@poelman-partners.nl
10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like ...
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Treating concrete like a plastic, some experiments (wp,th) deel1

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Biomimicry” is een bekend begrip. Het uitgangspunt van biomimicry is dat men zich laat inspireren door de natuur. Wim Poelman introduceerde enige tijd geleden het begrip “technomimicry”. Hierbij laat men zich inspireren door technologie die al in andere domeinen wordt toegepast. Dat dit mogelijkheden zou bieden is af te leiden uit het feit dat technische domeinen een veelal gescheiden leven leiden. Betonmensen praten nauwelijks met kunststof mensen. Houtmensen praten nauwelijks met aluminiummensen. Elk domein heeft haar eigen sociale gemeenschap met eigen evementen, cursussen en onderzoekprorgammas.
In een onderzoek aan de Universiteit Twente heeft professor Wim Poelman in samenwerking met diverse studenten onderzocht of er daadwerkelijk sprake is van gemiste kansen.

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Treating concrete like a plastic, some experiments (wp,th) deel1

  1. 1. Treating Concrete like a Plastic, some experiments Wim Poelman Industrial Designer, not a concrete specialist PhD Technology Diffusion in Design Material & Design researcher at the • University for Professional Education Utrecht, • Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture • University of Twente, Faculty of Engineering Sciences Ton Hurkmans Secretary Stichting MaterialDesign PhD Physics Material researcher at Hoogovens / Corus
  2. 2. MaterialDesign de beleving van ….. De Stichting MaterialDesign organiseert o.a. bijeenkomsten in nauwe samenwerking tussen professionals op het gebied van materiaaltechnologie en professionals op het gebied van productontwerpen Deze bijeenkomsten, met thema “de beleving van” hebben betrekking op zowel nieuwe productfuncties dankzij nieuwe materiaaltechnologie als op nieuwe materiaaltechnologie die zou kunnen leiden tot nieuwe productfuncties. 10/31/2015 2Treating Concrete like a Plastic
  3. 3. 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 3 Beleving van materialen zie: www. materialdesign.nl Imitatie De-materialisatie Magnesium Kleur Karton Technisch Textiel Keramiek Confectie Textiel Natuurlijke Vezels Beton Glas Oppervlak Geur Biopolymeren Rubber Hergebruik Licht Vilt Geluid Domotica Metaalplaat Mobiliteit Verpakkingen Composieten Daglicht Hout Smart Materials Schuim Muziek Decoratieve materialen 3D-printen Emaille Afval Nonwovens Papier Materialen in de zorg Disposables Kleur Intelligente composieten Algen Groen Kurk Virtuele materialen Soft robots
  4. 4. Material design • Refers to the design of materials as one of many design disciplines like architectural design, graphic design, fashion design, mechanical design, etcetera. • Material design is not recognized so much as a design discipline, although the design of new materials plays an important role in industrial innovation in general. 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 4
  5. 5. Characteristics Material design • Longer time to market • Closer to fundamental sciences • Walls between disciplines 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 5
  6. 6. Alcantara 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 6
  7. 7. Glare 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 7
  8. 8. Material design Distinction can be made between material inventions, material development and material design. • Material inventions are related mainly to chemical and physical properties of materials. Examples are plastics, technical ceramics and graphene. • Material development is mainly refers on processing techniques leading to added value of the materials. Examples are foamed materials, pressure moldable wood and surface treatments. • Material design in the context of this paper, the content is not focused on the physical chemical properties or processing techniques but on the creation of material functions. Examples are esthetic materials, smart materials and materials with new structural, mechanical or constructive functions. 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 8
  9. 9. Biomimicry, Janine Benyus 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 9
  10. 10. Biomimicry, The lotus effect 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 10
  11. 11. Termite hill as a source for efficient air conditioning systems 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 11
  12. 12. Serious Play, Michael Schrage 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 12
  13. 13. Serious Play (Michael Schrage) • The strategy of technomimicry is furthermore based on the work of Michael Schrage and especially his book Serious Play. • In this book he emphasizes the importance of the experiment. 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 13
  14. 14. Example, bionische hand 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 14
  15. 15. Case Study A vision is developed, based on a multidisciplinary discussion, in which concepts like material design and biomimicry are considered. • Essential in this approach is that the focus is on two domains, A and B. • An inventory is made of technologies applied in domain A. • For each technology the possibilities are estimated for application in domain B. • Based on the expectations of applicability and potential usability, experiments are carried out. • These experiments are evaluated and presented to stakeholders within domain B 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 15
  16. 16. Research question “Why are manufacturing techniques in plastics more advanced than in concrete?” Sub-questions: • What could we learn from the domain of nature? • What could we learn from the domain of plastics? 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 16
  17. 17. Case Study • Application of manufacturing techniques from the plastics industry for manufacturing of concrete components • Identified technologies were: – Pressure molding, – extrusion, – integral foam, – slipcasting, – Rotomolding, – cold impact extrusion and – gel coating 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 17
  18. 18. Case Study Five were chosen for experiments: • Integral foam • Extrusion • Pressure molding • Rotomolding • Cold impact extrusion 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 18
  19. 19. Case Study, integral foam examples 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 19
  20. 20. Case Study, integral foam 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 20
  21. 21. Case Study, Rotomolding 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 21
  22. 22. Case Study, pressure molding 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 22
  23. 23. Case study, cold impact extrusion 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 23
  24. 24. Case Study, cold impact extrusion • a concrete window frame, façade element by cold impact extrusion with disposible molds 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 24
  25. 25. Case Study, bonusses • Application of disposible molds, applying cnc cutting technology with hot wire • High quality surfaces in EPS molds: Verhautung (skin making) 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 25
  26. 26. Engineered Cementitious Composite (ECC) Invented by Victor C. Li 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 26
  27. 27. Extrusion of ECC 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 27
  28. 28. Light weight concrete poles 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 28
  29. 29. ECC Sandwich panels 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 29
  30. 30. Concrete conclusions and future work A conclusion from this research project is that the transfer of technology between domains in the field of materials can be useful. However this project can only offer a qualitative prove. For a quantative prove a lot of experiments would be necessary, but the question is if that would be necessary. Future work should better be directed at optimizing the methodology for the transfer process. Knowledge is needed for several aspects of this transfer process such as: • Identification of transfer possibilities on the material and manufacturing level • Carrying out a SWOT analysis for these materials • Planning experiments • Involvement of industries and research institutes • Business planning of new “inventions”. 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 30 As an example: Impact extrusion
  31. 31. Recommendations • the methodology: the method should be worked out in more detail. In this project a trial and error approach is applied which has led to a descriptive model. A prescriptive model should be developed • the organization: the involvement of stakeholders should be more intensive. The project is carried out within the context of the research group. In practice should be carried out as a collaborative project with industry • the infrastructure: for experiments many different facilities might be necessary. More laboratories should be made available for carrying out experiments 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 31
  32. 32. Technomimicry • Biomimicry is a source for innovation. In Biomimicry nature offers the inspiration for solutions. • In the approach of this paper other domains offer the inspiration for new solutions. Why not introduce a new name: (introduced by Wim Poelman) “technomimicry”. 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 32
  33. 33. Thank You! Please direct specialised questions to: Wim Poelman: wim@poelman-partners.nl 10/31/2015 Treating Concrete like a Plastic 33

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