Polish law guaranties the equal rights for education to everyone.
The Polish education system, under supervision
of the Ministry of National Education and /MENiS/,
is supposed to enable education of children and young people with
activity limitations – on an equal footing with others – in all types of
In the light of provisions of the Act of 7 th September 1991 on the
Education System, they can get their education in mainstream
and in integrated (inclusive) schools, as well as in special schools.
Those provisions specify the principles
of integrated and special needs education.
In integrated classes often the number
of pupils is smaller than regular classes (less than twenty).
There can only be between three and five SEN children in each
the right to education for all children and suitable care
adjusted to the age of pupil
every pupil should be given conditions for the proper
possibility of education in all types of schools for the
handicapped youth as well as unadjusted socially
adaptation of the contents, methods and the organization of
teaching for the pupils with special needs, and also the
possibility of receiving help and the access to special forms of
implementation of individual teaching programmes and
Visually impaired: profound
Visually impaired: severe, moderate
Hearing-impaired: severe, moderate
Developmentally disabled: profound, severe
Developmentally disabled: mild
Long term illnesses
Threatened with Addiction
Public special education units (primary
schools, lower secondary schools, basic
vocational schools, vocational secondary
schools, general secondary schools, post-
Public education units (regular, integrative,
special or therapeutic classes)
Individual education programs at home.
What psychological and educational assistance consist in and
how it is organized has been defined in the regulation of the
of Education dated 15 th January 2001
on the principles of administering and organizing psychological
and educational assistance
in public kindergartens, schools and institutions. The use of
assistance provided by guidance centers and the use of
and educational assistance is voluntary
and free of charge. Government prepared program of additional
for integrative and special schools.
Handicapped pupils together with other students are
obliged to approach a final test
at primary school and examination at upper secondary school.
Only pupils with moderate and profound disability are free
from this duty. The test should be adapted to pupil’s special
needs. There are most crucial differences:
- introduction of different exam papers for the pupils
from different groups of disability: Visually impaired
profound ( test written with Braille alphabet), Visually impaired
moderate ( test written with enlarged letters), deaf as well as
pupils with mental disabilities (moderate) the test should be
adapted to their needs.
- dyslexia should be marked on exam papers by
Psychological and Educational Guidance Center
- help from the Supervising exam team should be
- extension of the examination time
- the possibility of using special equipment
-the possibility of using indispensable medicine
or medical devices;
- the participation of special education teachers in
the exam team
In order to decrease some differences in access to education
pupils are offered various material help.
Students are provided with various material help:
school scholarship – can be given to pupil which is in difficult
financial situation resulting from low family income. This
scholarship gives students opportunity to apply for total or
partial covering of educational costs connected with the
purchase of books and school accessories. The material help is
granted by village mayor or the president of a city according to
the rules established by the local government.
school allowance - is given to pupils in temporary
difficult financial situation resulting from
unexpected life events. The school allowance can be
given in form of money needed to cover school
expenses or in the form of material help with
educational purpose .It can be admitted once or few
times a year. The allowance can be granted by
village mayor or the president of a city.
scholarship for school results or for sport
achievements - granted by school,
for sports or educational achievements .
The scholarship of Minister of Education
and the Science for remarkably talented
pupils -The scholarship of Minister of
Culture and the National Heritage for
artistic achievements -
Handicapped pupils can get in frames the
additional support some purposeful
programmes of State Fund of
Rehabilitation Handicapped Persons: