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Special education in Poland


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education in Poland

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Special education in Poland

  1. 1. Polish law guaranties the equal rights for education to everyone. The Polish education system, under supervision of the Ministry of National Education and /MENiS/, is supposed to enable education of children and young people with activity limitations – on an equal footing with others – in all types of schools. In the light of provisions of the Act of 7 th September 1991 on the Education System, they can get their education in mainstream schools and in integrated (inclusive) schools, as well as in special schools. Those provisions specify the principles of integrated and special needs education. In integrated classes often the number of pupils is smaller than regular classes (less than twenty). There can only be between three and five SEN children in each
  2. 2.  the right to education for all children and suitable care adjusted to the age of pupil  every pupil should be given conditions for the proper development;  possibility of education in all types of schools for the handicapped youth as well as unadjusted socially  adaptation of the contents, methods and the organization of teaching for the pupils with special needs, and also the possibility of receiving help and the access to special forms of didactic work;  implementation of individual teaching programmes and revalidation.
  3. 3.  Visually impaired: profound  Visually impaired: severe, moderate  Hearing-impaired: profound  Hearing-impaired: severe, moderate  Developmentally disabled: profound, severe  Developmentally disabled: mild  Autism  Long term illnesses  Motor Disabilities  Multiple Disabilities  Socially Disadvantaged  Behavioural Disorders  Threatened with Addiction
  4. 4.  Public special education units (primary schools, lower secondary schools, basic vocational schools, vocational secondary schools, general secondary schools, post- secondary schools).  Public education units (regular, integrative, special or therapeutic classes)  Individual education programs at home.
  5. 5. What psychological and educational assistance consist in and how it is organized has been defined in the regulation of the Minister of Education dated 15 th January 2001 on the principles of administering and organizing psychological and educational assistance in public kindergartens, schools and institutions. The use of assistance provided by guidance centers and the use of psychological and educational assistance is voluntary and free of charge. Government prepared program of additional financial support for integrative and special schools.
  6. 6. Handicapped pupils together with other students are obliged to approach a final test at primary school and examination at upper secondary school. Only pupils with moderate and profound disability are free from this duty. The test should be adapted to pupil’s special needs. There are most crucial differences: - introduction of different exam papers for the pupils from different groups of disability: Visually impaired profound ( test written with Braille alphabet), Visually impaired moderate ( test written with enlarged letters), deaf as well as pupils with mental disabilities (moderate) the test should be adapted to their needs.
  7. 7. - dyslexia should be marked on exam papers by Psychological and Educational Guidance Center - help from the Supervising exam team should be available - extension of the examination time - the possibility of using special equipment -the possibility of using indispensable medicine or medical devices; - the participation of special education teachers in the exam team
  8. 8. In order to decrease some differences in access to education pupils are offered various material help. Students are provided with various material help: school scholarship – can be given to pupil which is in difficult financial situation resulting from low family income. This scholarship gives students opportunity to apply for total or partial covering of educational costs connected with the purchase of books and school accessories. The material help is granted by village mayor or the president of a city according to the rules established by the local government.
  9. 9.  school allowance - is given to pupils in temporary difficult financial situation resulting from unexpected life events. The school allowance can be given in form of money needed to cover school expenses or in the form of material help with educational purpose .It can be admitted once or few times a year. The allowance can be granted by village mayor or the president of a city.  scholarship for school results or for sport achievements - granted by school, for sports or educational achievements .
  10. 10. The scholarship of Minister of Education and the Science for remarkably talented pupils -The scholarship of Minister of Culture and the National Heritage for artistic achievements - Handicapped pupils can get in frames the additional support some purposeful programmes of State Fund of Rehabilitation Handicapped Persons: