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Innovation flows in creative
communities' temporary spaces of
interaction.
An approach to creative externalities
Juan Vidaechea, PhD candidate. Research group on
Creativity, Innovation and Urban Transformation, Universitat de
Barcelona.
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
Outline
• Theoretical framework:
Clusters
Creative Class
Anatomy of the Creative City
• U+3(i). Variables and indicators for
implementation. Audiovisual festivals as
temporary spaces fostering creativity
• Recommendations/discussion
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
Creativity: a multidimensional approach
11.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
Individuals
TerritoriesOrganizations
Urban innovation strategies for urban competitiveness.
The role of the territory
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
Structural conditions, path
dependency and classical
theories
Creative class, soft factors
for talent attraction
• Agglomeration and
proximity of firms and
institutions
• Specialization or
diversification
externalities
• Creative class determines
economic success, business
creation and attraction
• Personal environment over
professional environment
• Low entry barriers, weak
social ties.
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
Sources: Becattini (1974), Bontje et. al (2011), Florida (2002), Jacobs (1969), Panne (2004), Porter (1998)
The anatomy of
the creative city
P. Cohendet, D.Grandadam
& L. Simon (2010)
Requirements:
places, spaces, events and
projects
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
Temporary spaces:
festivals
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
Permanent spaces:
art factories
How can a festival creative
capacity be analyzed?
Cultural events
Creative destination
Breeding ground for talent
Meeting place for audiences, artists and
producers
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
Audiovisual festivals in Barcelona
Metropolitan Region as an
example of the middleground
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
• Aim of the analysis is to investigate the festival’s
capacity to enhance:
• Creativity
• Learning
• Innovation.
• Interaction
• Competitiveness
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
10
22
35
32
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
3 grounds
Interaction & knowledge interchange
Underground
International
Number of festivals according to each variable
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
Hierarchy of festivals according to existing variables
1
9
16
8
7
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
0 variable 1 variable 2 variables 3 variables 4 variables
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
Set of top festivals: 4 variables
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
Festival
Cara-B
General recommendations/discussion
• Festival managers:
– Complementary strategic tool focusing on creative processes. Multiple points of view depending
on the stakeholder: governments, businesses, students, enthusiasts
• Firms:
– Value of the integration within the territory, not only in terms of knowledge and economic
specialization or diversification externalities as a result of concentration of companies and
research centers but also in terms of creative externalities emerging from local communities.
The upperground can take advantage of the creative ideas arising from the local environment
• Professionals/artists:
– Temporary and permanent platforms that promote face-to-face contact, learning, knowledge
exchange and inspiration activities, providing recognition.
• Policy makers:
– Focus on the creation, exchange and assessment processes of symbolic knowledge.
– Innovation policies aimed at the creative industries should consider how the underground
relates to the upperground, how underground activity comes to the surface, how can it be
commercially exploited and set trends in the global market so as not to adapt what is done
elsewhere.
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
Thank you!
12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
Juan Vidaechea
Universitat de Barcelona
juan.vidaechea@ub.edu

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Juan Vidaechea Internasjonal forskning på og om samlokalisering og samarbeid mellom organisasjoner.

  • 1. Innovation flows in creative communities' temporary spaces of interaction. An approach to creative externalities Juan Vidaechea, PhD candidate. Research group on Creativity, Innovation and Urban Transformation, Universitat de Barcelona. 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
  • 2. Outline • Theoretical framework: Clusters Creative Class Anatomy of the Creative City • U+3(i). Variables and indicators for implementation. Audiovisual festivals as temporary spaces fostering creativity • Recommendations/discussion 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
  • 3. Creativity: a multidimensional approach 11.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer Individuals TerritoriesOrganizations
  • 4. Urban innovation strategies for urban competitiveness. The role of the territory 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
  • 5. Structural conditions, path dependency and classical theories Creative class, soft factors for talent attraction • Agglomeration and proximity of firms and institutions • Specialization or diversification externalities • Creative class determines economic success, business creation and attraction • Personal environment over professional environment • Low entry barriers, weak social ties. 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer Sources: Becattini (1974), Bontje et. al (2011), Florida (2002), Jacobs (1969), Panne (2004), Porter (1998)
  • 6. The anatomy of the creative city P. Cohendet, D.Grandadam & L. Simon (2010) Requirements: places, spaces, events and projects 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
  • 7. Temporary spaces: festivals 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer Permanent spaces: art factories
  • 8. How can a festival creative capacity be analyzed? Cultural events Creative destination Breeding ground for talent Meeting place for audiences, artists and producers 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
  • 9. Audiovisual festivals in Barcelona Metropolitan Region as an example of the middleground 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer • Aim of the analysis is to investigate the festival’s capacity to enhance: • Creativity • Learning • Innovation. • Interaction • Competitiveness
  • 10. 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer 10 22 35 32 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 3 grounds Interaction & knowledge interchange Underground International Number of festivals according to each variable
  • 11. 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer Hierarchy of festivals according to existing variables 1 9 16 8 7 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0 variable 1 variable 2 variables 3 variables 4 variables
  • 12. 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer Set of top festivals: 4 variables
  • 13. 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer Festival Cara-B
  • 14. General recommendations/discussion • Festival managers: – Complementary strategic tool focusing on creative processes. Multiple points of view depending on the stakeholder: governments, businesses, students, enthusiasts • Firms: – Value of the integration within the territory, not only in terms of knowledge and economic specialization or diversification externalities as a result of concentration of companies and research centers but also in terms of creative externalities emerging from local communities. The upperground can take advantage of the creative ideas arising from the local environment • Professionals/artists: – Temporary and permanent platforms that promote face-to-face contact, learning, knowledge exchange and inspiration activities, providing recognition. • Policy makers: – Focus on the creation, exchange and assessment processes of symbolic knowledge. – Innovation policies aimed at the creative industries should consider how the underground relates to the upperground, how underground activity comes to the surface, how can it be commercially exploited and set trends in the global market so as not to adapt what is done elsewhere. 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer
  • 15. Thank you! 12.02.2015Kunnskapsverket Nasjonalt senter for kulturelle næringer Juan Vidaechea Universitat de Barcelona juan.vidaechea@ub.edu