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Using networking interfaces to augment open and distance learning

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Our students in higher education need to be provided with opportunities to connect with one another. In this presentation I report on my theoretical perspective and the results on a study.

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Using networking interfaces to augment open and distance learning

  1. 1. Using networking interfaces to augment open and distance learning Christa van Staden 1
  2. 2. Module at Unisa 2 Previous lecturer passed away Post graduate module Identified for e-portfolios My field - technology in education
  3. 3. Challenges 3 1/2 dropped out before I took over All most zero response on requests Current assignments were insufficient Do they actually READ my messsages? Impossible to check
  4. 4. Alarming graduation rates: All 3 & 4 year qualifications Contact institutes Unisa 6% 16% 78% 48% 7% 45% 4
  5. 5. Report: Reason: Underpreparedness of students Solution: Prolong time for completion DHE: Rather more contact time per year 5
  6. 6. Fact Students were top 12% achievers so why do they fail? 6
  7. 7. According to students? Cannot get hold of lecturers Lecturers unfriendly when contacted 7 0 2.25 4.5 6.75 9 0 1 2 3 4 5
  8. 8. Why do I need to take notice? Individualistic learners depends on lecturers * Text book * Assignments unclear * example: histoiografie * Electronic submission 8 15% 61% 24% Competitive learners Individualistic learners Cooperative learners
  9. 9. According to students Content outdated Assignments are “boring” 9
  10. 10. 10 0%6% 42%52% rewrite textbooks work in groups work on own to find solutions to problems apply new knowledge, skills, and techniques in my own practice Why do I have to take notice? Do not realise importance of group work
  11. 11. Who are my customers? Graduated Working & studying I do not know!!!!! 11 Adults!!!!!
  12. 12. Pedagogical approach? 12 peda = child &gogy = study of learning New -gogy: 4.36 / 5
  13. 13. Adult learners Speed of learning decrease, depth increase Diverse group 13 Bring own experience to learning Motivated!!! Ingredients for rich learning
  14. 14. Andragogical approach? 14 Guide by the side Available
  15. 15. Lack confidence in learning skills 15 I need to support them
  16. 16. Adults are resistant to change 16 Have to challenge them
  17. 17. Heutagogical approach? We want to control our own learning I have to be there to catch them 17
  18. 18. Self-directed learners 18 Get access to content & people
  19. 19. Heutagogical approach 19
  20. 20. Formal learning 20 0 3 6 9 12 0 1 2 3 4 5
  21. 21. Communication tool 21 “Anything is better than nothing!”
  22. 22. Various technologies 22 distribute knowledge base
  23. 23. Personal Development Networks 23
  24. 24. Technologies used 24 Networking interfaces
  25. 25. Networking interfaces can provide 25 Learning opportunities Damage control ….
  26. 26. Networking interface? 26 Facebook? Whatsapp? Something else?
  27. 27. networking interfaces can be used to 27 Artificial intelligence like add friends comment rate text audio video
  28. 28. Various functionalities 28 accessable knowledge base
  29. 29. networking interfaces are 29
  30. 30. 3 types of learners 30 cooperative competitive individualistic Cooperative learning strategies
  31. 31. Cooperative learning 31 face to face interaction positive interdependence individual accountability small and large group skills group reflection Johnson & Johnson 2013
  32. 32. 32 feed in one place Functionalities Group function
  33. 33. Face-to-Face interaction 33 Face to face TT - ODL = better than face-to-face
  34. 34. Positive interdependence 34 I do not know how? They are fine ….
  35. 35. Individual accountability 35
  36. 36. Interpersonal and small group skills 36 I am lost No problem, I am here to help. We are the Super Heroes
  37. 37. They become the teachers 37 Referencing techniques Asks assistance
  38. 38. share best pratcices 38 Reflect on practice
  39. 39. Artificial intelligence 39
  40. 40. Motivated students 40 Worried 50% involvement Won’t dissapoint me or themselves
  41. 41. When stuck … 41
  42. 42. Personal development networks Adult students rely of relationships with peers 42 “Without this group I would have quitted”
  43. 43. Learning happens in groups Communities of practice learning communities Professional learning communities 43
  44. 44. Assessment of my efficiency 44 “You are 24/7 available”
  45. 45. Complaint 45 Worry: Will not apply in his/her practice I don’t know wats rong wit XXX lecturers dey want our lives to b hard 4nothing. To prove dat de XXX is only one page in principle dis one is almost 10 pages! (a wiki co-created by 78 students!)
  46. 46. Appraisal Do we provide the opportunities? XX 46 A future lecturer to appoint …
  47. 47. in my defence 47 A student who struggles with computer … dr Christa knew exactly what she wanted and expected and was and is always more than willing and able to explain when we get stuck
  48. 48. Tattletale 48 Read A problem? 11 hours ago Many likes …
  49. 49. Assessment of self-directed learners 49 15% 36% 39% 9% Examinations New projects ePortfolios Portfolios Alternative assessment preferred
  50. 50. e-portfolios 50 Alternative assessment preferred
  51. 51. 51 My role as adult educator?
  52. 52. Alternative assignments 1. Guidelines needed 2. Effective feedback needed 52
  53. 53. Challenge them 53
  54. 54. How do I assess them? 54 New assessment 4.06 / 5
  55. 55. 55 Andragogical approach The journey need to be assessed
  56. 56. 56 Personal development networks
  57. 57. Access to social resources 57 descriptive 1 -> 3 -> 4 diagnostic 2 = isolated predictive 2 can struggle
  58. 58. Development networks 58 descriptive - clicques, isolates diagnostic - one clicque, 1 isolate, direction of ties predictive - can struggle prescriptive - need to support informal learning
  59. 59. Gamification 59 Extrinsic motivation
  60. 60. Efficiency of e-learning 60 Paper on glass?
  61. 61. What I have learned? 61 can identify challenges before they escallate Informal learning plays a major role Students need me @ night & weekends can create illusion that I am 24/7 available
  62. 62. Challenges 62 * Office hours? (Are we flexible) * Need permission to integrate a technology to support my students? (Are we open to change @ technology) * Research opportunities (Are we sustainable?)
  63. 63. 63 Business = customers Mission Vision Strategy
  64. 64. Thank you for attending this session 64

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