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Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)
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Native Plants For Streamside Gardens In Western Oregon For Web (Pp Tminimizer)

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Western Oregon native plants to use in streamside gardens

Western Oregon native plants to use in streamside gardens

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  • This portion of the Streamside Gardening Workshop was prepared by Linda McMahan, Extension Horticulturist in Yamhill County. Please note that there are many more plant species in this presentation than can be presented in a typical 90 minute presentation. Please select the plants most appropriate to your area of Oregon and feel free to substitute other species you consider to be more appropriate or to use your own photographs. The OSU Landscape Plants ID site at http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants is an excellent source of photos and information. For statewide distribution of species, check The Oregon Flora mapping functions at http://www.oregonflora.org/atlas.php
  • Transcript

    • 1. Native Plants for Streamside Gardens in Western Oregon
    • 2. Native Plants for Streamside Gardens
      • Why native plants
      • Selection criteria
      • Best streamside garden plants
          • Trees
          • Shrubs
          • Herbaceous plants
      Osoberry
    • 3. Native Plants for Streamside Gardens
      • Why native plants
      • Selection criteria
      • Best streamside garden plants
          • Trees
          • Shrubs
          • Herbaceous Plants
      Wood sorrel
    • 4. Why native plants?
      • Satisfaction-protecting streams
      • Connecting to history/culture
      • Developing a new aesthetic
      • Observing nature
      • Providing shelter & food for wildlife
      • Bank stabilization
    • 5. Why native plants?
      • Satisfaction of protecting streams - Water quality
      Clean water benefits everyone
    • 6. Why native plants?
      • Connection to history and culture
      Native plants such as salal, cedar, and camas (right) are a foundation of our region’s cultural heritage
    • 7. Why native plants?
      • Develop a new aesthetic
      " To me a lush carpet of pine needles or spongy grass is more welcome than the most luxurious Persian rug.” - Helen Keller
    • 8. Why native plants?
      • Observe natural processes
      Watching the cycles of life brings intellectual and emotional enjoyment Snowberry Decaying leaf “skeleton”
    • 9. Why native plants?
      • Shelter
      Native plants are a foundation of habitats
    • 10. Why Native Plants?
      • Food for wildlife: Nectar, butterfly h ost plants, food for insects; fruits/nuts for birds & mammals
      Blue elderberry Sara orange tip butterfly
    • 11. Why Native Plants?
      • Bank stabilization
      A network of roots help stabilize the soil
    • 12. Native Plants for Streamside Gardens
      • Why native plants
      • Selection criteria
      • Best streamside garden plants
          • Trees
          • Shrubs
          • Herbs
      Red flowering currant
    • 13. Selection Criteria for native streamside garden plants
      • Grow naturally in or near water
      • Stabilize stream banks
      • Attractive garden plants
      • Contribute to wildlife habitat
      Plants stabilize banks at A public garden in Oregon
    • 14. Native Plants for Streamside Gardens
      • Why native plants
      • Selection criteria
      • Best streamside garden plants
          • Trees
          • Shrubs
          • Herbs
      White alder
    • 15. Native Trees for Streamside Gardens
    • 16. Value of Trees
      • Shade maintains cool stream temperatures
      • Sense of nature and peace
      • Bank stabilization from roots
      • Wildlife shelter
      Old growth trees along Opal Creek, OR
    • 17. Bitter cherry – Prunus emarginata
    • 18. Bitter cherry
      • Tree/large shrub to 50 feet
      • Forms thickets
      • Red bark
      • Wildlife value, shelter & food
      • Sun/part shade
    • 19. Pacific crabapple – Malus fusca Photos: USDA-NRCS Plants Database
    • 20. Pacific crabapple
      • Small deciduous tree
      • Tolerates moist soils
      • Grows at stream edges
      • Wildlife value
        • Fruit
        • Nesting site
        • Nectar
      Photos: USDA-NRCS Plants Database
    • 21. Oregon ash – Fraxinus latifolia
    • 22. Oregon ash
      • Tree to 80 ft
      • Tolerates moist / seasonally wet soils
      • Wildlife value:
        • Food
        • Cover
        • Nesting sites
    • 23. Red alder – Alnus rubra Male catkins Leaves and female “cones”
    • 24. Red alder
      • Good colonizer
      • Pioneer tree in wet areas
      • Best in full sun
      • Fixes atmospheric nitrogen
      • Association with grayish-white lichens produces bark appearance
    • 25. White Alder – Alnus rhombifolia
    • 26. White alder
      • Taller than red alder
      • Full sun preferred
      • Dominate alder in the Willamette Valley before European settlement
    • 27. Ponderosa pine – Pinus ponderosa
    • 28. Ponderosa pine
      • Tall, but usually ok near structures
      • Full sun
      • Dry sites east of Cascades
      • West of Cascades, the Willamette Valley form withstands wetter sites
    • 29. Vine maple – Acer circinnatum
    • 30. Vine maple
      • Graceful under-story tree, prefers part shade
      • Slow growing
      • Readily available
    • 31. Western red cedar – Thuja plicata
    • 32. Western red cedar
      • Grows near but not in water
      • Sun, part sun
      • Mature tree can by 165 ft
    • 33. Native Shrubs for Streamside Gardens
    • 34. Value of Shrubs
      • Shelter for wildlife
      • Provide erosion control
      • Food for birds and other pollinators
      • Ornamental features at eye level
      Red flowering currant
    • 35. Douglas spirea – Spiraea douglasii
    • 36. Douglas spirea
      • Best in moist soil, full sun
      • Good in slow-moving
      • streams or pools
      • Attracts bees and
      • other insects
      • Can be vigorous,
      • out-competing other
      • vegetation
    • 37. Nootka Rose – Rosa nutkana
    • 38. Nootka rose
      • Full sun in drier areas
      • Bank stabilizer, spreads underground
      • Flowers provide necter, hips food for wildlife
    • 39. Other roses
      • Rosa gymnocarpa for shady sites
      • Rosa woodsii for sun
      • Rosa pisocarpa for wet spots
      Rosa gymnocarpa
    • 40. Osoberry – Oemleria cerasiformis
    • 41. Osoberry
      • Best in part shade
      • Grows in drier areas, spreads slowly underground
      • March blooms, “plums” for bird food
      • Easy to grow
    • 42. Ninebark – Physocarpus capitatus
    • 43. Ninebark
      • Mid-height shrub
      • Wet sites
      • Older bark has shredded look
      • Attractive maple-like leaves
      • Butterfly host
    • 44. Oregon grape – Berberis aquifolium
    • 45. Oregon grape
      • Evergreen, forms colonies
      • Berries and nectar support wildlife
      • State flower of Oregon
      • Widely available
    • 46. Red elderberry – Sambucus racemosa
    • 47. Red elderberry
      • Dry or moist, sun
      • Drupes (berry-like fruit) feed birds
      • Large spread
    • 48. Blue elderberry – Sambucus mexicana
    • 49. Blue elderberry
      • Tall, multi-stalked
      • Sun, part sun
      • Average to dry site
      • White, flat-topped flower clusters
      • Blue berries feed wildlife
    • 50. Red flowering currant – Ribes sanguineum
    • 51. Red flowering currant
      • Blooms Feb/Mar
      • Shade/part-sun, banks and drier areas
      • Fast growing, readily available
      • Drupes in late summer for birds
      • Hummingbird pollinated
    • 52. Red osier dogwood – Cornus sericea
    • 53. Red osier dogwood
      • Occurs naturally along streams but tolerates drier conditions
      • Full to part sun
      • Red winter twigs
      • Host for native butterflies
      • Look for local plants
    • 54. Salal – Gaultheria shallon
    • 55. Salal
      • Good for bank stabilization
      • Shade, part-shade
      • Spring flowers nurture bees
      • Berries feed birds
      • Evergreen, provides year-round cover
    • 56. Snowberry - Symphoricarpos alba
    • 57. Snowberry
      • Spreads to stabilize banks
      • Spreads to increase cover
      • Bluish, soft foliage
      • Fruits provide food for birds through winter
    • 58. Twinberry - Lonicera involucrata
    • 59. Twinberry
      • Evergreen, mid-height
      • Best in wet sites in Willamette Valley, coast, along Deschutes River and other locations
      • Berries eaten by birds
    • 60. Native Herbaceous Plants for Streamside Gardens
    • 61. Value of the Herbaceous Layer
      • Garden interest
      • Cover for small creatures
      • Protection from rain compaction
      • Prevents bank erosion
      Mimulus guttatus
    • 62. Camas - Camassia species
    • 63. Camas
      • Commercially available bulb
      • Spring blooming
      • Needs spring moisture
      • Needs summer dry
    • 64. Cattail - Typha latifolia
    • 65. Coltsfoot – Petasites frigidus
    • 66. Coltsfoot
      • Late winter, early spring bloom
      • Spreads slowly underground
      • Sends up flower stems first, then leaves
      • Leaves persist after flowers die back
      • Nectar for butterflies
    • 67. Oregon iris – Iris tenax
    • 68. Oregon iris
      • Reliable native iris, late spring blooms
      • Tolerates drier sites
    • 69. Cow parsnip – Heracleum lanatum
    • 70. Cow parsnip
      • Good for sun
      • Bold, spreading into clumps
      • Larval host plant for butterflies
      • Nectar
    • 71. Yellow monkey flower – Mimulus guttatus
    • 72. Yellow monkey flower
      • Moist soil
      • Sun/part-shade
      • Spreads to become a ground cover
      • Nectar
      • Seeds provide food for wildlife
    • 73. Skunk cabbage – Lysichitum americanum
    • 74. Skunk cabbage
      • Slow moving streams or seeps
      • Fly pollinated
      • Early spring bloom
    • 75. Stream violet, Viola glabella
    • 76. Stream violet
      • Forms groundcover
      • Butterfly host
      • Deciduous to 6’’
    • 77. Wild strawberries – Fragaria— 3 native species
      • Ground cover, spreading by runners
      • Some species prefer shade; others sun
      • Nectar for butterflies and other insects
      • Butterfly caterpillar hosts
    • 78. Coast strawberry – Fragaria chiloensis for sun--vigorous
    • 79. Wood strawberry – Fragaria vesca Prefers shade
    • 80. Wild strawberry – Fragaria virginiana Prefers sun
    • 81. Sword fern – Polystichum munitum
    • 82. Sword fern
      • Part or full shade
      • One of the best plants for bank stabilization
      • Ornamental
      • Easy to find
      • Easy to transplant and relocate
    • 83. OSU campus Sword fern
    • 84. Lady fern – Athyrium felix-femina Unfurling spring fronds
    • 85. Lady fern
      • Prefers sun/part sun
      • Stabilizes banks
      • Winter deciduous
      • Moist locations or shallow, slow moving stream
    • 86. Wood sorrel – Oxalis oregana
    • 87. Wood sorrel
      • Aggressive groundcover
      • Full to part shade
      • Once established, difficult to remove
      • Will tolerate dry shade and go dormant in dry summers
    • 88. Private native plant garden Wood sorrel
    • 89. Resources
      • Kruckeberg, Arthur, 1996. Gardening with Native Plants , 2nd Edition, University of Washington Press, Seattle ISBN 0-295-97476-1
      • Pojar, Jim and Andy MacKinnon, 1994. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast , Lone Pine Publishing, Redmond, WA ISBN 1-55105-040-4
      • Native Plant Society of Oregon - www.npsoregon.org find gardening guidelines and more!
      • Oregon State University, Yamhill County - http://extension.oregonstate.edu/yamhill/pages/gardening_natives.html
      • Find information on landscaping with native plants
    • 90. More Resources
      • The Berry Botanic Garden, 2004. Gardening for Wildlife Native Plant Flashcards, produced in partnership with The Bureau of Land Management and the OSU 4-H Wildlife Stewards
      • Oregon State University EC 1577, 2005, Gardening with Oregon Native Plants West of the Cascades. Prepared by Linda R. McMahan. Available for download or purchase as a CD at http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog/abstract.php?seriesno=EC+1577
    • 91. Summary: Native Plants for Streamside Gardens
      • Why native plants
      • Selection criteria
      • Best streamside garden plants
          • Trees
          • Shrubs
          • Herbs
      Osoberry
    • 92. Linda R. McMahan, Ph.D. Horticulturist, Yamhill County OSU Extension Service 2050 Lafayette Ave McMinnville, OR 97128 503-434-8910 [email_address] http://extension.oregonstate.edu/yamhill Photo Credits: Linda R McMahan, Brad Withrow-Robinson, Carolyn Devine, OSU Landscape Plants ID website, & USDA-NRCS Plant Database

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