The Path to Suffrage
Women’s Suffrage in the New Settlements
Starter And Objective
• Starter: Describe how organizers of the Seneca Falls Convention could
get their message to women living west of the Rocky Mountains.
• I Can Statement: I can describe when at least two territories gave
women the right to vote and why.
Map Skills Review
• What is the most frequently used word on this 1850 U. S. map?
• http://sites.rootsweb.com/~mnwabbio/graphics/1850us.jpg (accessed 8-8-2019).
The Territories and Women’s Suffrage
• Use a Cornell note to answer some questions about women voting in
territories introduced by a small group read/pair/share activity.
• Which territories offered voting to women first?
• How did the vote for women become law in each territory?
• Did women in any territory loose the vote before 1900?
• Who were leaders in the territory voting movements?
Territory and Women’s Suffrage Questions
• Why did the Wyoming Territorial Legislature offer voting rights to
• What did those willing to offer women voting rights in the Utah
Territory want in return?
• Why were Utah government leaders willing to write laws granting
women voting rights?
• What did Colorado legislators hope to gain by offering women voting
• How did the Idaho women’s voting rights act differ from laws created
in nearby states?
Territory’s Strategies for Suffrage
• Strategies used to get women the right to vote varied from one area
to the next. The following strategies were the most popular.
• Letter writing
• Magazines including The Woman’s Exponent
• https://ilovehistory.utah.gov/people/images/wells.jpg (8-8-2019) Photo of Emmeline B. Wells, editor.
How Did the Census Impact Territories?
• The first six censuses were similar in content, being authorized by the
federal law of 1 March 1790 as mandated by the U.S. Constitution
counting head of household, numbered how many people lived at the
• Congress created with a 60,000 population minimum for statehood.
• Census taken before a territory could apply for statehood to verify
• Congress certain that 60,000 people want statehood, a bill creating
the state must be proposed and passed.
• https://www.census.gov/history/www/through_the_decades/overview/1790.html; https://study.com/academy/lesson/statehood-definition-lesson-quiz.html (both accessed 8-8-
Access to Voting Successes and Challenges
• Use a Cornell note about voting.
Look for the following:
• Wyoming, first territory to offer
women’s suffrage, 1869.
• Utah, first women to vote in a
municipal election after suffrage
granted, Feb. 14, 1870.
• Which social or ethnic groups were
not included in the original suffrage
laws passed in Wyoming, Utah,
Colorado, and Idaho? • Seraph Young, first woman to vote in Utah, February 14, 1870.
Mural in the House of Representative Chamber, State Capitol
Building, Salt Lake City, Utah. Photographer: Helen Elaine Jones (6-
Disenfranchise: Edmunds-Tucker Act 1887
• Create a Cornell note to record details concerning the Edmunds-
Tucker Act 1887.
• Edmunds-Tucker Act adds enforcement details to many parts of the
Cullom Bill addressing polygamy in the Utah Territory introduced but
not passed in 1867.
• Edmunds-Tucker Act important points: “It required plural wives to
testify against their husbands, dissolved the Perpetual Emigrating
Fund Company (a loan institution that helped members of the church
come to Utah from Europe), abolished the Nauvoo Legion militia, and
provided a mechanism for acquiring the property of the church.”
• Utah History Encyclopedia, “Polygamy,” by Jessie L. Embley, https://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/p/POLYGAMY.shtml (accessed 8-6-2019).
Edmunds-Tucker Act 1887 Text
• Review the Edmunds-Tucker Act excerpt for additional points of
• Volunteers to read aloud specific sections needed. Teacher will read
sections 24 & 25.
• Look for the following concerns: children of a plural wife legally
labeled illegitimate; women can’t vote; Indians not taxed excluded
from voting; men can’t hold political office, serve on a jury, or vote
unless they take an oath against polygamy, schools now under federal
Utah Reaction to the Edmunds-Tucker Act
• Put yourself in the place of people in the Utah Territory who can’t
vote after 1887. How would you react to changes created by the
• How does the Edmunds-Tucker Act impact voting in the Utah
• Can you find the evidence of voting changes in the excerpt provided?
Other Attempts to Disenfranchise
• Did other territories restrict voting rights? What issues took away voting?
• “Although forming a sizeable minority, Mormons in Idaho were held in
suspicion by others in Idaho. By 1882 notable and powerful Idahoans
successfully disenfranchised Mormon voters."
• “In 1871, Susan B. Anthony and Abigail Scott Duniway led a crusade
through the territories of Washington and Oregon and helped to form the
Washington Woman Suffrage Association. Due to the group's constant
protesting and pushing, full voting rights were given to women in 1883 by a
bill that passed through the Territorial Legislature. But in 1887, the
Territorial Supreme Court overturned that law. This happened because
women voters were making sales of liquor more difficult with their votes.”
• http://www.elmorecountypress.com/Hi-Liting%20Idaho.htm (accessed 7-8-2019) & https://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/timeline/suffrage.htm (accessed 8-7-2019).
Readers’ Theater - “Great Indignation Meeting,”
January 6, 1870 and January 13, 1870.
• On a blank paper, write the main ideas of the messages presented
during the Readers’ Theater.
• Students taking the speaking parts should come to the front of the
room. The narrator(s) will announce each speaker.
• Narrator, Resolutions presenter; Sarah Russell’s minute recording of
Sarah Kimball’s speech; speech excerpts by Mrs. Wilmarth East, Eliza
R. Snow (3 readers needed), Harriet Cook Young, Mrs. Hannah T. King,
and Phoebe Woodruff.
Thank you & Exit Question
• Thank you to all participants of the Readers’ Theater.
• Thank you to all audience members actively listening.
• Exit Question: How much time or money would be needed to get
voting rights back after 1887?