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Generate & assign unique identification numbers. Approaches employed by various countries

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Presentation by Sanjay Dharwadker (WCC) at the international conference on innovations in Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) systems - Ottawa on 27-28 February 2018. See more at http://crvsinnovations.net

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Generate & assign unique identification numbers. Approaches employed by various countries

  1. 1. 27-28 February 2018 GENERATE & ASSIGN UNIQUE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS APPROACHES EMPLOYED BY VARIOUS COUNTRIES Sanjay Dharwadker Head of Global ID Consultancy Utrecht, The Netherlands
  2. 2.  voters roll  land registry  passport  vehicle registry  education  health  benefits  police  judiciary  banking  payments  taxes  utilities  others REALITY – IN SILOS COUNTRY IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS CRS civil registration system Functional systems CIS civil identification system biometrics transactions biographics • Does not prevent leakages • Does not address eligibility • Difficult to relate legal & physical identities • Does not effectively address inclusion • Duplication & expensive • Minimum benefits
  3. 3.  voters roll  land registry  passport  vehicle registry  education  health  benefits  police  judiciary  banking  payments  taxes  utilities  others IDEAL SITUATION – LINKED & INTERDEPENDENT COUNTRY IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS CRS civil registration system Functional systems CIS civil identification system legal identity biographics physical identity biometrics identity tokens transactions representationverification authentication Unique Identification Number (UIN) • Maximize benefits
  4. 4. LINK – HOW? COUNTRY IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS CRS civil registration system CIS civil identification system legal identity biographics physical identity biometrics representation Unique Identification Number (UIN) Four Ways To link CRS and CIS Generate UIN in the CRS and forward to the CIS Generate UIN in the CIS and return to the CRS Separate encrypted tokens for CRS and CIS Biometrics in CIS and CRS
  5. 5. ADVANTAGES & CHALLENGES FOUR WAYS TO LINK CRS AND CIS Strategy Advantages Challenges Generate UIN in CRS and forward to CIS UIN generated at birth and thus same as BRN • CIS record to be created with same UIN. • CIS may require additional UINs generated for residents / naturalized persons. Generate UIN in CIS and return to CRS Generate a temporary BRN till UIN is returned by CRS • Online connectivity essential for generating UIN when required Generate separate encrypted tokens for CRS and CIS Can be done either at CRS or CIS. • Third record required to couple CRS and CIS Biometrics in CRS and CIS Feasible in CIS • Difficult in CRS. • Not available at birth. • Workarounds not yet feasible. BRN – Birth Registration Number CRS – Civil Registration System CIS – Civil Identification System UIN – Unique Identification Number
  6. 6. AVAILABLE FOR OVER 70 COUNTRIES UNIQUE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS - EXAMPLES
  7. 7. ELEMENTS UNIQUE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
  8. 8. CAN BE PRE-GENERATED RANDOM UIN
  9. 9. MUST URGENTLY ADDRESS SDG 16.9 COUNTRY IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS CRS civil registration system Functional systems CIS civil identification system legal identity biographics physical identity biometrics identity tokens transactions representationverification authentication Unique Identification Number (UIN) 16.9 By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration. UIN Unique Identification Numbers strengthen the process.
  10. 10. Various strategies are possible, however CRS and CIS must be strongly coupled UIN can play a vital role More countries assign UIN at birth System legacy (UINs already generated) is also detrimental for future directions SDG 16.9 requires this to be addressed urgently CONCLUSION
  11. 11. THANKS. ANY QUESTIONS?

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