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Collaboration and new technologies in the advancement of art conservation practice | Dr. Bronwyn Ormsby

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Collaboration and new technologies in the advancement of art conservation practice from Dr. Bronwyn Ormsby of the Tate Modern

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Collaboration and new technologies in the advancement of art conservation practice | Dr. Bronwyn Ormsby

  1. 1. COLLABORATION AND NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN THE ADVANCEMENT OF ART CONSERVATION PRACTICE D R . B R O N W Y N O R M S B Y
  2. 2. AIMS Balance preservation and access to works and lower conservation treatment risks: • Understand properties and longevity of materials • Understand physical, optical, aesthetic and ethical risks • Provide options to conservators tailored to specific material types and problems • Enhance decision making processes for conservation treatment • Provide guidance to collections care management strategies, policy and objectives
  3. 3. APPROACH • International and internationally relevant • Balancing hard and soft sciences • Practice-lead and practice-based • Range of funding sources • Iterative process • Cross-discipline • Highly collaborative • Widely disseminated • CDP modules • Challenging • Cautious • Responsible
  4. 4. CHALLENGES OF SURFACE CLEANING MODERN AND CONTEMPORARY ART • Surfaces are unprotected and vulnerable • Change may be an embedded concept for a work • Ensure ‘unwanted material’ is not significant • Microscopic changes can affect aesthetic qualities • Cleaning systems should be tailored to the materials used • Risks with and without treatment • Materials can respond differently to one cleaning system • Decrease contact time and mechanical action paramount • Localised and even cleaning action difficult to achieve • Need for appropriate innovation, new tools and options
  5. 5. 1 Rothko Conservation Project www.tate.org.uk/about/projects/rothko-conservation-project 2 Surface Cleaning Acrylic Paints 3 Cleaning Modern Oil Paints www.tate.org.uk/about/projects/cleaning-modern-oil-paints 4 Nanorestart www.nanorestart.eu EXAMPLES
  6. 6. ROTHKO CONSERVATION PROJECT (2012 – 2014)
  7. 7. SURFACE CLEANING ACRYLIC PAINTS (2008 – PRESENT)
  8. 8. CLEANING MODERN OIL PAINTS (CMOP) (2015 – 2018)
  9. 9. NANORESTART (2015 - 2018)
  10. 10. Nanotechnologies for the preservation of modern and contemporary art
  11. 11. AIMS “… focus on the synthesis of novel poly-functional nanomaterials and the development of highly innovative restoration techniques to address the conservation of a wide variety of materials, used by modern and contemporary artists. …enterprises and academic centres of excellence in the field of synthesis and characterization of nano and advanced materials have joined forces with complementary conservation institutions and freelance restorers. …multidisciplinary approach will cover the development of different materials in response to real conservation needs, the testing of such materials, the assessment of their environmental impact, and their industrial scalability.”
  12. 12. NANORESTART PROJECT STRUCTURE CC1 CC2 CC4 CC3 Kick-off Project end Product 1 & 2 Product 3 & 4 Product 5 & 6 Product 7 & 8 WP6 Environmental Impact WP7 Industrial Scalability WP2 Cleaning WP3 Strengthen WP4 Protect WP5 Detection TOWARDS MARKET NEEDS Mid-term WP8Dissemination WP1Management
  13. 13. NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED TOOLS & MATERIALS
  14. 14. NANORESTART PROJECT TIMELINE (2015 – 2018) Nov 2015 Mar 2016 Jan 2017 Dec 2017 Jan 2018Jan 20161 Jun 2015 1 day/week – Tate • State of the Art report • Case study candidate surveys • Planning and structures • Initial analysis of works • Researcher recruitment • Consortium meeting • Training • Case study narrowing • Case study analysis • Mockups for CS1 • Consortium meeting June 2016 Start Post-doc starts • (CS1: Michael Dillon) • Conservator: Gates Sofer • Mockups for CS2 Jul 2016 • (CS2: Roy Lichtenstein) • Conservator, Rachel Barker • Consortium meeting June 2017 • Mockups for CS3 2nd case study treatment 1st case study treatment Jul 2017 3rd case study treatment • Third case study treatment • (CS3: Eva Hesse) • Conservator: Tamar Maor • CS3 ends 30 Nov 2018 • Dissemination • Reporting • Final research • Consortium meeting June 2018 1 day/week - Tate • Oct 2018, Copenhagen Nanorestart conference Post-doc finishes End
  15. 15. CASE STUDY TIMELINE Nov 2015 Mar 2016 Jan 2018Jan 20161 Jun 2015 • Paintings • Plastic Start Case Study Selection • Perspex (PMMA) Op Art CSI: Dillon 30 Nov 2018 End Jul 2016 Jan 2017 • Magna CSII Lichtenstein CSIII: Hesse Dec 2017Jul 2017 • Emulsion acrylic painted
  16. 16. CASE STUDY SURVEYS AND SELECTIONS • Conservation issues • Synthetic materials • Availability • Priority • Profile
  17. 17. ANALYSIS OF ARTWORKS CS1: Dillion CS2: Lichtenstein CS3: Hesse
  18. 18. CS1: MICHAEL DILLION OP STRUCTURE(S) (1967)
  19. 19. WHO IS MICHAEL DILLION? • Born 1941 (75 y.o.) in Wales to English parents • Father dies in army 1943 • Attended York School of Art (no longer exists) • Obtained diploma from RCA in 1967 (Ceramics and Glass department) • Participated in exhibition ICI “Prospex ’67”
  20. 20. CS1: ANALYSIS AND MOCK-UP PREPARATION Objects entirely made of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA/ Perspex/ Plexiglas) Styrene-isoprene rubber with rosin tackifier Artificially aged mock-up Perspex sheets: 1. Acrylate-adhesive labels 2. SBR-rosin-adhesive labels 3. Artificial indoor soil 4. Artificial sebum soil 5. Perspex cement with carbon black 6. Control (pristine) 2-ethylhexyl acrylate adhesive
  21. 21. NANOSTRUCTURED LIQUIDS - GELS Synthesized synthetic polymer gels, varying co-polymer content and properties, can take up liquids to enhance cleaning action, and also used for residue clearance
  22. 22. 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Absorbance 100015002000250030003500 Wavenumbers (cm-1) Dillon Conservation sticker White sticky labels RESEARCH INTO PRACTICE
  23. 23. RESEARCH INTO PRACTICE Colour change measurements Gloss change measurements
  24. 24. RESEARCH INTO PRACTICE HIROX DIGITAL MICROSCOPE IMAGES OF MOCK-UPS (100x) Cleaning efficacy Gloss Change Residue Cleaning speed Health & Safety Ease of Use Cleaning System 1 Cleaning System 2
  25. 25. 26 INITIAL CLEANING TRIALS AT CSGI, FLORENCE (MID SEPTEMBER 2016)
  26. 26. CASE STUDY TIMELINE Nov 2015 Mar 2016 Jan 2018Jan 20161 Jun 2015 • Paintings • Plastic Start Case Study Selection • Perspex (PMMA) Op Art CSI: Dillon 30 Nov 2018 End Jul 2016 Jan 2017 • Magna CSII Lichtenstein CSIII: Hesse Dec 2017Jul 2017 • Emulsion acrylic painted
  27. 27. THANKS TO: You, for your attention, Peter Hay, ThoughtWorks and Lora Angelova

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