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29th of September 2020
#NESTwebinar
Transformative social innovation
from a power perspective
Dr. Flor Avelino
DRIFT, Eras...
Image from Pixabay
Photo by Ehud Neuhaus on Unsplash
Image by rostichep from Pixabay
Photo by Jasper Wilde on Unsplash
Ima...
sustainability
transitions
social &
solidarity
economy
social
movements
@FlorAvelino
social
innovation
transformative
soci...
@FlorAvelino
• Transformative social innovation (TSI)
• Power dynamics in TSI
• Multi-actor Perspective on shifting power dynamics
• Re...
New Doing
technologies
practices
materiality
knowledge
meanings
visions & images
New
Thinking
modes of
organisation
govern...
New Doing
renewable energy
production
‘prosumer’
knowledge
New
Thinking
energy
cooperatives
New
Organising
New relations
n...
reinvention (innovation ≠ ‘newness’)
@FlorAvelino
Typology of Social Innovation in Energy (SIE)
Wittmayer et al. 2020
Photo by Chris LeBoutillier from Pexels
social innovations are
transformative to the
extent that they
• challenge
• alter
...
www.transitsocialinnovation.nl / @TransitSI
• 2014-2017
• 12 partners, 30+ researchers
• 20 social innovation networks +
1...
Building on…
• Institutional theory
• Relational theory
• Structuration theory
• Science & Technology
studies
• Innovation...
www.transitsocialinnovation.nl @TransitSI
20 international networks
100+ local/regional/national initiatives
27+ countries EU, Latin-America, other
Interviews, part...
Sintomer et al. 2012
Sieben Linden (Germany)
Findhorn (UK)
Ecodorp Bergen
(Netherlands)
Tamera (Portugal)
Tamera
(Portugal)
• 170 people
• 330 acres
• Alentejo (Portugal)
• founded in 1995
@FlorAvelino
Lake 1, 2015
http://www.tamera.org/@FlorAvelino
http://www.tamera.org/@FlorAvelino
http://www.tamera.org/@FlorAvelino
https://ecovillage.org/
www.transitsocialinnovation.nl @TransitSI
Translocal Empowerment
locally embedded as well as globally connected
More about translocal empowerment: Avelino et al. 20...
Power dynamics in TSI
Image from Pixabay
Photo by Ehud Neuhaus on Unsplash
Image by rostichep from Pixabay
Photo by Jasper Wilde on Unsplash
Ima...
Power
Self-interest
Collective Goals
actors
structures
@FlorAvelino
1. Power ‘over’ vs. power ‘to’
2. Centred vs. diffused
3. Consensual vs. conflictual
4. Constraining vs. enabling
5. Quant...
Power Contestations Questions about social change & innovation
Power ‘over’ < >
power ‘to’ (e.g. Dahl, Parsons, Foucault,
...
Power
consensual
conflictual
Avelino forthcoming
Violence as “the most concentrated, if bluntest, instrument
of human power”.
(Michael Mann [1986] 2002:177)
Violence can d...
“Subjection is not only obtained by the instruments of
violence or ideology; it can also be direct, physical, pitting
forc...
Power
diffused/decentralised
centred
Avelino forthcoming
1. Dahl (1958)
– beyond ruling elites
2. Bachrach & Baratz (1962)
– agenda-setting
3. Lukes (1974)
– preference shaping
Th...
Decentralisation in one
place can lead to
(re)centralisation
elsewhere (and visa
versa).
(De)/(re)centralization
@FlorAvel...
Which power relations are
being (de)/(re)centralised
in decentralised energy
initiatives, and how?
(De)/(re)centralization...
Multi-actor perspective on
shifting power relations
public
private
STATE
(public agencies)
MARKET
(firms, business)
COMMUNITY
(households, families etc.)
Avelino & Wittmayer ...
public
private
STATE
(public agencies)
MARKET
(firms, business)
COMMUNITY
(households, families etc.)
NON-PROFIT
(NGOs,
as...
public
private
PPP
MARKET
(firms, business)COMMUNITY
(households, families etc.)
STATE
(public
agencies)
Power imbalances
...
public
private
STATE
(public agencies)
MARKET
(firms, business)
COMMUNITY
(households, families etc.)
NON-PROFIT
(associat...
NON-PROFIT
public
private
STATE
MARKETCOMMUNITY
employer /
employee
poor /
rich
benefactor/
beneficiary
Micro-politics: st...
@FlorAvelino
macro-level
power relations
micro-level
power relations
@FlorAvelino
Unpacking how/to what extent
power relations are transformed
Want a Pdf copy of this chapter?
Contact avelino@drift.eur.nl
reflections TSI-politics
(re)politicize
Image by Kylie Murphy from Pexels
Image by lucia on Unsplash
@FlorAvelino
1. Focusing on the social as an object of innovation in itself
(rather than a mere dimension of technological innovation)
...
https://tsimanifesto.org/ #TSImanifesto
1. Physical and mental space for learning and experimentation is a necessary condition.
2. We require alternative and dive...
https://tsimanifesto.org/
#TSImanifesto
calling for translocal & intersectional solidarity
across nations, regions & issue...
Ecovillage Tamera (Portugal) Image by Flor Avelino
Aardehuis Olst, Netherlands, image by Florijn de Graaf
Paradoxes
of
inn...
public
private
STATE
(public agencies)
MARKET
(firms, business)
COMMUNITY
(households, families etc.)
NON-PROFIT
(associat...
Embracing & owning the paradox
Translating to mainstream
context while also
nurturing the radical core
(Adrian Smith 2006,...
How can/do social innovations
be mainstreamed & gain power
while maintaining their
transformative potential?
@FlorAvelino
...
Photo by Chris LeBoutillier from Pexels
Power Lab on Power Dynamics in
Transformative Social Innovation
?
Thank you!
Dr. Flor Avelino
DRIFT, Erasmus University Rotterdam
avelino@drift.eur.nl
@FlorAvelino
@Alterotopia
@flor.aveli...
• Pel, B., Haxeltine, A., Avelino, F., Dumitru, A., Kemp, R., Bauler, T., ... & Jørgensen, M. S. (2020). Towards a theory ...
• Avelino, F., J.M. Wittmayer, B. Pel, P. Weaver, A. Dumitru, A. Haxeltine, R. Kemp, M.S. Jørgensen, T. Bauler, S. Ruijsin...
• Avelino, F. & Kunze, I. The Transition Potential of the Ecovillage Movement. Exploring the Contribution of Ecovillages
t...
Avelino et al. 2019
Unpacking how/to what extent
power relations are transformed
Want a Pdf copy of this chapter?
Contact avelino@drift.eur.nl
Comparative analysis
https://sonnet-energy.eu/
https://sonnet-energy.eu/blog/webinar-series/
Wittmayer et al. 2020
Wittmayer, Hielscher, Rogge & Avelino 2020
Copy? Email: avelino@drift.eur.nl
Forthcoming
Haxeltine, A. Flor Avelino, Julia Wittmayer, Iris Kunze, Noel
Longhurst, Adina Dumitru, and Tim O’Riordan,
Conceptualising...
Avelino, F. , Monticelli, L. and Wittmayer, J.M. (2019), How
transformative innovation movements contribute to transitions...
empowerment
@FlorAvelino
www.transitsocialinnovation.nl / @TransitSI
• 2014-2017
• 12 partners, 25 researchers
• EU & Latin-America
• 20 transnatio...
http://www.transitsocialinnovation.eu/downloads
case reports & database
http://www.transitsocialinnovation.eu/discover-our-cases-2
http://www.transitsocialinnovation.eu/resource-hub/global-ecovillage-network-gen
1. Tamera (PT)
2. Schloss Tempelhof (DE)
...
http://www.transitsocialinnovation.eu/sii
http://www.transitsocialinnovation.eu/deliverables
A middle-range theory of TSI
Conceptual framework & 20 theoretical prop...
Building on…
• Institutional theory
• Relational theory
• Structuration theory
• Science & Technology studies
• Innovation...
http://www.transitsocialinnovation.eu/downloads
Comparative analysis
Governance
➢ multi-actor phenomenon (rather than
bottom-up)
➢ requires requires political struggle and
negotiation; portfo...
Social Learning
= new shared meanings, through interaction,
collective experimentation and joint reflection,
and these bec...
Resourcing & Monitoring
Three resourcing pathways:
➢ External funding (seek investment and/or
income by delivering service...
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
Transformative social innovation from a power perspective
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Transformative social innovation from a power perspective

  1. 1. 29th of September 2020 #NESTwebinar Transformative social innovation from a power perspective Dr. Flor Avelino DRIFT, Erasmus University Rotterdam @FlorAvelino
  2. 2. Image from Pixabay Photo by Ehud Neuhaus on Unsplash Image by rostichep from Pixabay Photo by Jasper Wilde on Unsplash Image by Skeeze from Pixabay Photo by Chris Gallagher on Unsplash Image by Kasun Chamara from Pixabay Image from Pixabay Photo by CHRISTOPHER FURLONG / GETTY IMAGES To tackle societal challenges, innovation is necessary, but not sufficient. We need systemic, transformative change, i.e. transitions towards more just & sustainable societies.
  3. 3. sustainability transitions social & solidarity economy social movements @FlorAvelino social innovation transformative social innovation e.g. Schot & Geels 2007, Grin et al. 2010, Loorbach et al. 2017 e.g. Westley et al. 2013, Moulaert et al. 2013, 2017, Howaldt & Kopp 2012 e.g. Monticelli 2018 Della Porta & Diani 2015 e.g. Laville 2015 Pestoff & Hulgard 2015 Eynaud et al. 2019
  4. 4. @FlorAvelino
  5. 5. • Transformative social innovation (TSI) • Power dynamics in TSI • Multi-actor Perspective on shifting power dynamics • Reflections on TSI-politics Focus of this webinar @FlorAvelino Slides will be shared via Twitter & LinkedIn
  6. 6. New Doing technologies practices materiality knowledge meanings visions & images New Thinking modes of organisation governance New Organising change in social relations Chilvers & Longhurst 2016 Haxeltine et al. 2017 Avelino et al. 2019 Social innovation set of ideas, objects and/or activities that involve...
  7. 7. New Doing renewable energy production ‘prosumer’ knowledge New Thinking energy cooperatives New Organising New relations neighbours, consumers - producers Haxeltine et al. 2017 Chilvers & Longhurst 2016 social innovation example community energy @FlorAvelino
  8. 8. reinvention (innovation ≠ ‘newness’) @FlorAvelino
  9. 9. Typology of Social Innovation in Energy (SIE) Wittmayer et al. 2020
  10. 10. Photo by Chris LeBoutillier from Pexels social innovations are transformative to the extent that they • challenge • alter • replace dominant structures & institutions Photo by Zbynek Burival on Unsplash Photo by Emre Kuzu from Pexels transformative social innovation Pel et al. 2020 Avelino et al. 2019 Wittmayer et al. 2019 Haxeltine et al. 2017
  11. 11. www.transitsocialinnovation.nl / @TransitSI • 2014-2017 • 12 partners, 30+ researchers • 20 social innovation networks + 100 initiatives across 27 countries • EU & Latin-America
  12. 12. Building on… • Institutional theory • Relational theory • Structuration theory • Science & Technology studies • Innovation studies • Political theory • Social psychology To develop a middle-range theory on Transformative Social Innovation Haxeltine et al. 2017 Avelino et al. 2017, 2019 Wittmayer et al. 2019 Pel et al. 2020
  13. 13. www.transitsocialinnovation.nl @TransitSI
  14. 14. 20 international networks 100+ local/regional/national initiatives 27+ countries EU, Latin-America, other Interviews, participant observation, document reviews, comparative meta-analysis http://www.transitsocialinnovation.eu/discover-our-cases-2
  15. 15. Sintomer et al. 2012
  16. 16. Sieben Linden (Germany) Findhorn (UK) Ecodorp Bergen (Netherlands) Tamera (Portugal) Tamera (Portugal)
  17. 17. • 170 people • 330 acres • Alentejo (Portugal) • founded in 1995 @FlorAvelino
  18. 18. Lake 1, 2015 http://www.tamera.org/@FlorAvelino
  19. 19. http://www.tamera.org/@FlorAvelino
  20. 20. http://www.tamera.org/@FlorAvelino
  21. 21. https://ecovillage.org/
  22. 22. www.transitsocialinnovation.nl @TransitSI
  23. 23. Translocal Empowerment locally embedded as well as globally connected More about translocal empowerment: Avelino et al. 2020, Loorbach et a. 2020
  24. 24. Power dynamics in TSI
  25. 25. Image from Pixabay Photo by Ehud Neuhaus on Unsplash Image by rostichep from Pixabay Photo by Jasper Wilde on Unsplash Image by Skeeze from Pixabay Photo by Chris Gallagher on Unsplash Image by Kasun Chamara from Pixabay Image from Pixabay Photo by CHRISTOPHER FURLONG / GETTY IMAGES Problematic power relations: inequality, oppression, exclusion, exploitation, extraction, injustice How & to what extent are social innovations challenging and/or reproducing power relations? What are (un)intended power implications of social innovation processes?
  26. 26. Power Self-interest Collective Goals actors structures @FlorAvelino
  27. 27. 1. Power ‘over’ vs. power ‘to’ 2. Centred vs. diffused 3. Consensual vs. conflictual 4. Constraining vs. enabling 5. Quantity vs. quality 6. Power = knowledge vs. power ≠ knowledge 7. Empowerment vs. disempowerment Not choose sides but ask diverse questions… Seven power contestations Avelino, forthcoming
  28. 28. Power Contestations Questions about social change & innovation Power ‘over’ < > power ‘to’ (e.g. Dahl, Parsons, Foucault, Morris, Davis, Giddens, Arendt, Gordon, Stewart) • Power over: Who is exercising power over whom? How are which structures of domination/ oppression/ dependence changed or (re)produced? • Power to: How is power exercised for/through/against change? • Power with: How do actors collaborate in the exercise of power for/against change? Centred < > diffused (e.g. Dahl, Bachrach & Baratz, Lukes, Mann, Foucault, Gramsci) • How are the three/four faces of power manifested in processes of change? • How is power diffused, (de)centralised and/or recentralised in/by/for change? Who is included and excluded? • How & by whom is the agenda of change decided? Which issues are kept of the agenda? How are underlying preferences shaped? Consensual < > conflictual (e.g. Parsons, Arendt, Mann, Haugaard) • How are both consensus and conflict manifested in change? • Which conflicts are ‘hidden’ under seemingly consensual processes? • How and to what extent is consensus oppressive and conflict emancipatory (and vice versa) in processes of change? Constraining < > enabling (e.g. Foucault, Giddens, Clegg, Davis, Arendt, Hayward & Lukes) • How are both structure & agency manifested in change? • Who/what is enabled and/or constrained by change and how? • How/to what extent are which structures (a) an object of change (to be transformed), (b) a constraint for change, (c) an enabler for change? Quantity < > quality (Mann, Sewell, Arendt, Avelino) • How and to what extent are what different kinds of power exercised for/through/against change, by and over whom? • Which actor are exercising more/less power in/of/through change, and how? Who has more/less access to which resources? • How do power relations/dynamics manifest in change (e.g. cooperation, (in)dependence, competition, co-existence, synergy, antagonism)? Empowerment < > disempowerment (e.g. Boje & Rosile, Hardy & Leiba- O’Sullivan, Follet) • Who is (dis)empowered in/by change, by whom or by what? • (How) is (dis)empowerment manifested in change as (a) intentional outcome (empowerment as end), (b) constraining/enabling factor (empowerment as means), or (c) object/type of change in itself? Knowledge as < > prior to power (e.g. Bourdieau, Flyvbjerg, Lukes, Foucault, Barnes) • Which knowledges, discourses, ideologies underly the process of change? • How is knowledge on change co-evolving with which power dynamics? • How is knowledge mobilised as (a) an object of change, or (b) an instrument for enabling/constraining change? Avelino, forthcoming
  29. 29. Power consensual conflictual Avelino forthcoming
  30. 30. Violence as “the most concentrated, if bluntest, instrument of human power”. (Michael Mann [1986] 2002:177) Violence can destroy power, but “is utterly incapable of creating it”, and “power and violence are opposites; where the one rules absolutely, the other is absent”. (Hannah Arendt [1969] 2002:143). @FlorAvelino
  31. 31. “Subjection is not only obtained by the instruments of violence or ideology; it can also be direct, physical, pitting force against force, bearing on material elements, and yet without involving violence; it may be calculated, organized, technically thought out; it may be subtle, make use neither of weapons nor of terror and yet remain a physical order”. (Michel Foucault [1975] 2002:192). @FlorAvelino
  32. 32. Power diffused/decentralised centred Avelino forthcoming
  33. 33. 1. Dahl (1958) – beyond ruling elites 2. Bachrach & Baratz (1962) – agenda-setting 3. Lukes (1974) – preference shaping Three faces of power @FlorAvelino
  34. 34. Decentralisation in one place can lead to (re)centralisation elsewhere (and visa versa). (De)/(re)centralization @FlorAvelino
  35. 35. Which power relations are being (de)/(re)centralised in decentralised energy initiatives, and how? (De)/(re)centralization in SI in energy? @FlorAvelino
  36. 36. Multi-actor perspective on shifting power relations
  37. 37. public private STATE (public agencies) MARKET (firms, business) COMMUNITY (households, families etc.) Avelino & Wittmayer 2016, 2019, Based on Evers & Laville 2004, Pestoff 1992 NON-PROFIT (NGOs, associations foundations) Institutional logics
  38. 38. public private STATE (public agencies) MARKET (firms, business) COMMUNITY (households, families etc.) NON-PROFIT (NGOs, associations foundations) Social innovation Emerges across diverse institutional logics Shifting (power) relations & boundaries between institutional logics is - in itself - a form of social innovation. Avelino & Wittmayer 2017, Avelino et al. 2019
  39. 39. public private PPP MARKET (firms, business)COMMUNITY (households, families etc.) STATE (public agencies) Power imbalances NON-PROFIT (NGOs, associations foundations) public-private-partnerships Avelino & Wittmayer 2016, 2019
  40. 40. public private STATE (public agencies) MARKET (firms, business) COMMUNITY (households, families etc.) NON-PROFIT (associations, NGOs) politician, policy-maker, bureaucrat, citizen, voter producer, consumer, employer, employee, client, entrepreneur activist, volunteer, member, benefactor, researcher resident, neighbour, family member, friend Multi-Actor Perspective Multiple institutional logics & actor roles Internal inconsistencies Avelino & Wittmayer 2016, 2019
  41. 41. NON-PROFIT public private STATE MARKETCOMMUNITY employer / employee poor / rich benefactor/ beneficiary Micro-politics: struggles, contestations, inequalities, hierarchies large / small politicians/ civil servants man/ woman national/ local ethnicities young/ old expert/ lay Avelino & Wittmayer 2016, 2019 consumer/ producer
  42. 42. @FlorAvelino
  43. 43. macro-level power relations micro-level power relations @FlorAvelino
  44. 44. Unpacking how/to what extent power relations are transformed Want a Pdf copy of this chapter? Contact avelino@drift.eur.nl
  45. 45. reflections TSI-politics
  46. 46. (re)politicize Image by Kylie Murphy from Pexels Image by lucia on Unsplash @FlorAvelino
  47. 47. 1. Focusing on the social as an object of innovation in itself (rather than a mere dimension of technological innovation) 2. Innovation as a dimension of (prefigurative) social movements (Monticelli 2018) & other forms of social change 3. Innovation as a type/source of power (‘innovative power’ – Avelino & Rotmans 2009). Social innovation > changing social relations > changing power relations Why ‘social’ ‘innovation’? @FlorAvelino
  48. 48. https://tsimanifesto.org/ #TSImanifesto
  49. 49. 1. Physical and mental space for learning and experimentation is a necessary condition. 2. We require alternative and diverse economies. 3. Innovation is just as much about shaping the new as it is about reframing the old. 4. We need to experiment with alternative social relations and relational values. 5. Social & material change are intertwined: we need both social & technological innovation. 6. Transformative change requires hybrid combinations of civil society, state and market. 7. Social innovation should never be an excuse to dismantle necessary public services. 8. Translocal empowerment is a promising response to the challenges of globalisation. 9. Social innovation is about fostering a sense of belonging, autonomy and competence. 10. Transparent and inclusive decision-making is a necessary condition for change. 11. Alternative and diverse narratives are needed to drive change. 12. More mutual recognition and strategic collaboration is needed. 13. Embracing paradoxes is key to transformative social innovation. #TSImanifesto: 13 principles @FlorAvelino https://tsimanifesto.org
  50. 50. https://tsimanifesto.org/ #TSImanifesto calling for translocal & intersectional solidarity across nations, regions & issues, local-global, urban-rural, offline-online
  51. 51. Ecovillage Tamera (Portugal) Image by Flor Avelino Aardehuis Olst, Netherlands, image by Florijn de Graaf Paradoxes of innovation & transformative change (Pel et al. 2019) Ecovillage Findhorn (Scotland) Image by Flor Avelino Image by Tumisu from Pixabay Image by Wonderlane on Flickr @FlorAvelino
  52. 52. public private STATE (public agencies) MARKET (firms, business) COMMUNITY (households, families etc.) NON-PROFIT (associations, NGOs) Wittmayer et al. under review, Avelino & Wittmayer 2019 Mainstreaming How do processes of mainstreaming manifest across different institutional logics? Bureaucratization & Standardization Marketization & Commodification Socialisation & Communalisation
  53. 53. Embracing & owning the paradox Translating to mainstream context while also nurturing the radical core (Adrian Smith 2006, 2007) Prepare for dialectics of innovation ‘capture’ + develop flexible repertoire of diverse strategies incl. ‘Trojan Horse’ tactics (Bonno Pel 2016) “The Procession of the Trojan Horse in Troy” by Domenico Tiepolo (1773) Image by Dhivakaran S from Pexels @FlorAvelino
  54. 54. How can/do social innovations be mainstreamed & gain power while maintaining their transformative potential? @FlorAvelino Ongoing research questions What is the countervailing power of social innovation initiatives & networks + how can it be increased? Image by The Bicycle is Art
  55. 55. Photo by Chris LeBoutillier from Pexels Power Lab on Power Dynamics in Transformative Social Innovation ?
  56. 56. Thank you! Dr. Flor Avelino DRIFT, Erasmus University Rotterdam avelino@drift.eur.nl @FlorAvelino @Alterotopia @flor.avelino.5
  57. 57. • Pel, B., Haxeltine, A., Avelino, F., Dumitru, A., Kemp, R., Bauler, T., ... & Jørgensen, M. S. (2020). Towards a theory of transformative social innovation: A relational framework and 12 propositions. Research Policy, 49(8), 104080. • Avelino, F., Dumitru, A., Cipolla, C., Kunze. I. & Wittmayer, J. (2020): Translocal empowerment in transformative social innovation networks, European Planning Studies, 28:5, 955-977, https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2019.1578339 • Avelino, F., J.M. Wittmayer, B. Pel, P. Weaver, A. Dumitru, A. Haxeltine, R. Kemp, M.S. Jørgensen, T. Bauler, S. Ruijsink, T. O’Riordan (2019), Transformative Social Innovation and (Dis)Empowerment, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 145: 195-206: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2017.05.002 • Avelino, F., Wittmayer, J., Kemp, R., & Haxeltine, A. (2017). Guest Editorial: Game-changers and transformative social innovation. Ecology and Society, 22(4). https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol22/iss4/art41/ • Avelino, F. and Wittmayer, J.M. (2017), Transformative social innovation and its multi-actor-nature, chapter in: Atlas of Social Innovation. Available online. • Avelino, F., Wittmayer, J., Kemp, R., & Haxeltine, A. (2017). Guest Editorial: Game-changers and transformative social innovation. Ecology and Society, 22(4). https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol22/iss4/art41/ • Haxeltine, A., Pel, B., Wittmayer, J., Dumitru, A., Kemp, R., & Avelino, F. (2017). Building a middle-range theory of Transformative Social Innovation; theoretical pitfalls and methodological responses. European Public & Social Innovation Review, 2(1), 59-77. http://pub.sinnergiak.org/index.php/esir/article/view/51 • Wittmayer, J., Pel, B., Bauler, T., Avelino, F. (2017). Editorial Synthesis: Methodological Challenges in Social Innovation Research. European Public & Social Innovation Review, 2(1), 1-16. Wittmayer, J.M., Backhaus, J., Avelino, F., Pel, B., Strasser, T. & Zuijderwijk, L. (2019), Narratives of change: how social innovation initiatives construct societal transformation, Futures, Available online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2019.06.005 • Longhurst, N., Avelino, F., Wittmayer, J., Weaver, P., Dumitru, A., Heilscher, S., Cipolla, C., Afonso, R., Kunze, I. and Elle, M. (2016), Experimenting with alternative economies: four emergent counter-narratives of urban economic development, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 22, 69-74 Transformative Social Innovation (selection)
  58. 58. • Avelino, F., J.M. Wittmayer, B. Pel, P. Weaver, A. Dumitru, A. Haxeltine, R. Kemp, M.S. Jørgensen, T. Bauler, S. Ruijsink, T. O’Riordan (2019), Transformative Social Innovation and (Dis)Empowerment, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 145: 195-206: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2017.05.002 • Avelino, F., Dumitru, A., Cipolla, C., Kunze. I. & Wittmayer, J. (2020): Translocal empowerment in transformative social innovation networks, European Planning Studies, 28:5, 955-977, https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2019.1578339 • Avelino F. & Wittmayer J.M. (2019) “The transformative potential of plural social enterprise: A multi-actor perspective”, chapter 10 in Eynaud P., Laville J.L., Dos Santos L.L.., Banerjee S., Hulgard H., Avelino F. (2019), Theory of social enterprise and pluralism: Social Movements, Solidarity Economy, and Global South, Oxfordshire: Routledge Publisher, pp. 193-222. • Avelino, F. (2017) Power in Sustainability Transitions. Analysing Power and (Dis)Empowerment in Transformative Change towards Environmental and Social Sustainability, Journal of Environmental Policy & Governance, 27(6): 505– 520 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eet.1777/full • Avelino, F. and Grin, J. (2017) Beyond Deconstruction. A Reconstructive Perspective on Sustainability Transition Governance, Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 22: 15-25, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eist.2016.07.003 • Avelino, F., Grin, J., Jhagroe, S. and Pel, B., (2016) The Politics of Sustainability Transitions, Environmental Policy & Planning, 18(5), 557-567, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1523908X.2016.1216782 • Avelino, F. and Wittmayer, J.M. (2016) Shifting Power Relations in Sustainability Transitions: A Multi-actor Perspective, Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 18(5), 628-649, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1523908X.2015.111225 • Avelino, F. and Rotmans, J. (2011) A dynamic conceptualization of power for sustainability research, Journal of Cleaner Production, 19(8):796-804 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652610004464 • Avelino, F. (2009) “Empowerment and the challenge of applying transition management to ongoing projects“, Policy Sciences, 42(4):369-390 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11077-009-9102-6 • Avelino, F. and Rotmans, J. (2009) “Power in transition. An interdisciplinary framework to study power in relation to structural change“, European Journal of Social Theory, 12(40):543-569 http://repub.eur.nl/res/pub/18412/ Power, politics & empowerment in change & innovation
  59. 59. • Avelino, F. & Kunze, I. The Transition Potential of the Ecovillage Movement. Exploring the Contribution of Ecovillages to Sustainability Transitions from a Power-in-Transition Perspective, to be submitted to Environmental Politics • Avelino, F. & Wittmayer, J. Power Dynamics in Transformative Social Innovation: a Multi-Actor Perspective, to be submitted to VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations • Avelino, F., Theories of Power and Social Change. Power Contestations and their Implications for Social Change Research, submitted to the Journal of Political Power, March 2018 > accepted with moderate revisions > under revision • Haxeltine, A., Bonno Pel, Adina Dumitru, Flor Avelino, René Kemp, Tom Bauler, Iris Kunze, Jens Dorland, Julia Wittmayer, and Michael Søgaard Jørgensen, Towards a midde-range theory of Transformative Social Innovation: a relational framework and 12 propositions, to be submitted to Research Policy • Pel, B, Wittmayer, J., Bel, P. and Bauler, T. (2019), Paradoxes of Transformative Social Innovation: From Critical Awareness towards Strategies of Inquiry, paper presented at International Social Innovation Research Conference (ISIRC) • Wittmayer, J.M., Avelino, F., Pel, B., and Campos, I. Hybridising Energy? Mainstreaming the Prosumerism of Renewable Energy across Institutional Logics, submitted to Energy Policy • Wittmayer, J.M., de Geus, T., Pel, B., Avelino, F. Hielscher, S., Hoppe, T., Mühlemeier, S., Stasik, A., Visser, (…) and Hartwig, A., Broadening the understanding of social innovation in energy, submitted to Energy Research & Social Science Forthcoming / in development (selection)
  60. 60. Avelino et al. 2019
  61. 61. Unpacking how/to what extent power relations are transformed Want a Pdf copy of this chapter? Contact avelino@drift.eur.nl
  62. 62. Comparative analysis
  63. 63. https://sonnet-energy.eu/
  64. 64. https://sonnet-energy.eu/blog/webinar-series/ Wittmayer et al. 2020
  65. 65. Wittmayer, Hielscher, Rogge & Avelino 2020
  66. 66. Copy? Email: avelino@drift.eur.nl Forthcoming
  67. 67. Haxeltine, A. Flor Avelino, Julia Wittmayer, Iris Kunze, Noel Longhurst, Adina Dumitru, and Tim O’Riordan, Conceptualising the role of social innovation in sustainability transformations Chapter 2 in: Backhaus, J., Genus, A., Lorek, S., Vadovics, E., & Wittmayer, J. M. (Eds.). (2017). Social Innovation and Sustainable Consumption: Research and Action for Societal Transformation. Routledge.
  68. 68. Avelino, F. , Monticelli, L. and Wittmayer, J.M. (2019), How transformative innovation movements contribute to transitions, chapter in: Atlas of Social Innovation. Available online at: https://www.socialinnovationatlas.net/
  69. 69. empowerment @FlorAvelino
  70. 70. www.transitsocialinnovation.nl / @TransitSI • 2014-2017 • 12 partners, 25 researchers • EU & Latin-America • 20 transnational networks & 100+ initiatives in 25+ countries
  71. 71. http://www.transitsocialinnovation.eu/downloads
  72. 72. case reports & database http://www.transitsocialinnovation.eu/discover-our-cases-2
  73. 73. http://www.transitsocialinnovation.eu/resource-hub/global-ecovillage-network-gen 1. Tamera (PT) 2. Schloss Tempelhof (DE) 3. Bergen (NL) 4. Sieben Linden (DE) 5. Findhorn (UK)
  74. 74. http://www.transitsocialinnovation.eu/sii
  75. 75. http://www.transitsocialinnovation.eu/deliverables A middle-range theory of TSI Conceptual framework & 20 theoretical propositions on TSI
  76. 76. Building on… • Institutional theory • Relational theory • Structuration theory • Science & Technology studies • Innovation studies • Political theory • Social psychology
  77. 77. http://www.transitsocialinnovation.eu/downloads Comparative analysis
  78. 78. Governance ➢ multi-actor phenomenon (rather than bottom-up) ➢ requires requires political struggle and negotiation; portfolio of different and often paradoxical strategies ➢ dialectic relation with established institutions and structures: challenging and reproducing
  79. 79. Social Learning = new shared meanings, through interaction, collective experimentation and joint reflection, and these become situated in shared norms and practices ➢ Acquire specific knowledge about how particular institutions and systems work ➢ Develop competencies for cooperation and dealing with tensions to create new social relations and maintain motivation in the face of obstacles ➢ Develop effective strategies of engagement with other relevant actors and institutions, to achieve their objectives
  80. 80. Resourcing & Monitoring Three resourcing pathways: ➢ External funding (seek investment and/or income by delivering services) ➢ Autonomous funding (develop own income stream) ➢ Strategy of embedding (partner with larger organisation with complementary mission) Developmental evaluation (based on Patton 2010) for obtaining lessons for doing things better...

#NESTwebinar with Flor Avelino

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