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Presentatie Sir Nigel Shadbolt

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Presentatie Sir Nigel Shadbolt ''Groundbreaking applications of AI''

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Presentatie Sir Nigel Shadbolt

  1. 1. Ground Breaking Applications of Artificial Intelligence Professor Sir @Nigel_Shadbolt FRS FREng Data & Policy Conference, The Hague 22nd Nov 2018
  2. 2. Processor DoI Transistors Intel 4004 1971 2300 Motorola 6800 1974 4100 Motorola 68000 1979 68000 Intel 80486 1989 1,180,235 Intel Coppermine 2000 21,000,000 Intel Skylake 2015 1,750,000,000 Apple A8X 2014 3,000,000,000 Apple A12 Bionic 2018 6,900,000,000
  3. 3. Topic Time Series Prediction • Multi-dimensional Sequence to Sequence Model EncodedVector v Encoder Decoder Input sequence Target / Predicted Sequence
  4. 4. FIFA World Cup 2014 Tightly bound predictions for FIFA 2014 media coverage FIFA 2014 Coverage Topic 0: team, game, league, season, said, players, club, football, time, cup, year, win, games, play, united, manager, world, player, city, final
  5. 5. List of known severe data breaches, May 2018 https://www.itgovernance.co.uk/blog/list-of-data-breaches-and- cyber-attacks-in-may-2018-17273571-records-leaked/
  6. 6. d Right to erasure Right to rectification Right to withdraw consent Right to object to processing Right to have a copy of all
  7. 7. lack of understanding or control over how data are captured, shared & used King (SOUPS 2012), Shlovski (CHI 2014), Ofcom 2016, Eurobarometer 2015 Van Kleek 2017, 2018 lack of effective options (Bonneau & Preibusch 2010) perception of phone & data as a very private space; extension of self (Shlovski et al. CHI 2014) necessity of use (Klang & Murray 2005, Baumer et al 2013) fear, anxiety, "creepiness" using apps Shlovski et al. (CHI 2014) demand for more transparency and / or regulation Ofcom 2016 withdrawal Peterson (WaPo 2016) Goldberg (NTIA 2016) mitigating strategies Raine et al. (PRC 2013), Boyles et al. (PRC 2012) learned helplessness & resignation Shlovski et al. (CHI 2014) Madden et al. (PRC 2014) Ofcom 2015 "privacy paradox" Norberg (JCA 2007) incentives to put more tracking technology into all apps & services cause 1: personal information economics (aka surveillance as a business model, Shneier 2013, Zuboff 2015) privacy symptoms: how people feel and what they do as a result cause 2: end-user perceptions, understanding, control & choice depth and ubiquity of tracking in apps The Privacy Problem lack of efffective choice (Binns et al, 2016)
  8. 8. Multi-party data collection
  9. 9. App Google Analytics Facebook Ads Fabric.io Doubleclick Bitstadium Scorecard Research Crashalytics Login.Facebook Yahoo-Usage Moat Ads Google Facebook Twitter Google Microsoft Comscore Twitter Facebook Oath: Moat Ads App Models Google Play Store (UK region) 1,034,529 most popular apps from 49 app categories [ discover > download > analyse > model ]
  10. 10. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-45952466
  11. 11. airbnb personalised to a user who uses [tinder, instagram, and ebay]
  12. 12. Internet of Kant Categorical Imperative Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or the person of any other, never simply as a means but always at the same time as an end (Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten (Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals) (1785/1996, 4:429) * "Respect" Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/respect/
  13. 13. The Enlightenment Transparency and Accountability Reason, Evidence and Education Tolerance Privacy and Autonomy Dignity and Self Determination Equity
  14. 14. 'This is a brilliantly readable, genuinely cutting-edge book that is also often very entertaining. Of all the recent studies of automation and AI, The Digital Ape stands head and shoulders above the rest. Shadbolt and Hampson have written a landmark book.' ANDREW KEEN, AUTHOR OF HOW TO FIX THE FUTURE AND THE INTERNET IS NOT THE ANSWER ‘Superb’ - NATURE

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