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Sex differentials in civil registration: Preliminary findings and future research directions

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Presentation by Romesh Silva (UNFPA) at the High-Level Panel and technical consultations on Making the Invisible Visible: CRVS as a basis to Meeting the 2030 Gender Agenda - Ottawa, 26 February 2018.

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Sex differentials in civil registration: Preliminary findings and future research directions

  1. 1. Sex Differentials in Civil Registration: Preliminary Findings and Future Research Directions Romesh Silva, Ph.D. – Population and Development Branch, Technical Division High-Level Panel and Technical Consultation on Gender and CRVS IDRC Headquarters, Ottawa, Canada 26 February, 2018
  2. 2. No Evidence of Systematic Sex Bias in Birth Registration 2
  3. 3. Importance of Marriage and Death Registration • Lack of marriage registration: Disproportionate social and economic effects for females • Death registration ensures the right to inherit property, to access business and financial entitlements, and to claim any available insurance benefits.
  4. 4. Death Registration Completeness Data by Sex - Unavailable
  5. 5. Death Registration Completeness Estimates by Sex 5 Kuwait DR Completeness (ages: 15-59 years old; 2005-2011) Female: ~73% Male: ~76% Morocco Age Group DeathRegistrationCompleteness(%) 15−19 20−24 25−29 30−34 35−39 40−44 45−49 50−54 55−59 60−64 65−69 70−74 75−79 80−84 0 25 50 75 100 125 Male, SEG Male, Adj−SEG Female, SEG Female, Adj−SEG Kuwait Age Group RegistrationCompleteness(%) 15−19 20−24 25−29 30−34 35−39 40−44 45−49 50−54 55−59 60−64 65−69 70−74 75−79 80−84 0 25 50 75 100 125 Male, SEG Male, Adj−SEG Female, SEG Female, Adj−SEG Morocco DR Completeness (ages: 15-59 years old; 1994-2004) Female: ~35% Male: ~65% Application of Indirect Estimation using Successive Censuses and Inter-censal death registration data Evaluate of effects of revised 2004 Family Code Replicate analysis using • 2004 & 2014 Census data • 2004-2014 registration data Qualitative + Ethnographic Analysis to understand: • effects of patrilineal traditions on female death registration • Incentives/disincentives associated w/ burial permit process and financial inclusion in rural Morocco 2004 Revisions to Moroccan Family Code: • Enhanced women’s equality within the household via: 1. Husbands and wives are now provided joint responsibility in family matters 2. Women are no longer required to be obedient to their husbands in return for the exercise of their rights
  6. 6. Relationship between death registration completeness and women’s economic empowerment 2014 GID Database •Database covers 160 countries across all regions •Contains comprehensive info on legal, cultural and traditional practices that discriminate against women/girls
  7. 7. Relationship between death registration completeness and women’s economic empowerment Source: UNSD Vital Registration Completeness Statistics & OECD Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Key • DR: death registration completeness [0-24% | 25-49% | 50-74% |75-89% | 90%+] • inheritance: Equality of Inheritance rights b/w widows/daughters and widowers/sons • sana: Equal and secure access to non-land assets for men and women • sal: Equal and secure access to land for men and women (sal) • sped: % of persons who consider university more important for boys than girls • ltmd: % of Land titles owned by women (ltmd) Multinomial Logistic Regression & Random Forest Decision Trees Variable Importance
  8. 8. Prospects for Expanding Analysis of Death Registration and Gender Inclusiveness Beyond Morocco Key MAR – Morocco BGD – Bangladesh SAU – Saudi Arabia TCD – Chad GNQ – Equatorial Guinea JOR – Jordan TZA – Tanzania BDI - Burundi Source: UNSD Vital Registration Completeness Statistics & OECD Gender, Institutions and Development Database (2014) DeathRegistrationCompleteness Gender Equality in Inheritance RightsGender Inequality in Inheritance Rights DeathRegistrationCompleteness
  9. 9. Key take-home messages • Marriage registration and death registration are important yet under- studied factors that affect gender equality • Need to understand interdependence of registering of different vital events • Major data gaps on marriage registration and death registration completeness by sex • Yet – demanding calls for subnational disaggregation (SDG Goal 16.9 – universal legal identity) • Morocco: notable sex differential in death registration • Census is an important tool to evaluate DR completeness by sex • But also need additional data to assess effects of 2004 family code revision • Possible Way forward: Prospects for replication studies • Use OECD gender inclusion database to identify additional candidates for country studies

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