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The “E” in STEM: Why We
Can’t Wait
Gregory Washington, PhD
Stacey Nicholas Dean of Engineering
Henry Samueli School of Eng...
Unprecedented Global Challenges
Level 1
• Climate Change
• Water Scarcity
• Energy Security
• Cyber Security
• Global fina...
Unprecedented Global Competitors
Singapore 2015
Singapore 1965
Shanghai - 1987
Shanghai 2015
Are we educating students to ...
Source: National Center for Education Statistics
Top Bachelors Majors at US Universities
1. Business
2. General Studies
3....
Source: National Center for Education Statistics
Top Bachelors Majors at Global Universities
1.Business (1)
2.General Stud...
-500
500
1500
2500
3500
4500
5500
1971 1982 1996 1999 2003 2006 2007 2010 2015
TransistorCount(Millions)
Pen um II AMD K8
...
Remember this?
Did you think it could wind up here?
Record movies Record movies View movies Photographs
Compute
Listen Radio Play Games
Measure Time
Telephone Share pictures ...
Is Education
changing fast
enough?
“The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and
write, but th...
… not at the pace of industry...
Poh, M.Z., Swenson, N.C., Picard, R.W
Long-Term Brain Activity
14
3/2/2016
• In the next 5 years you
will no longer need
• IDs
• Money
• Credit Cards
• Store cards
• Business Cards
• Ph...
Technology is a New Real Competitor
• Probability of Computerization
• Telemarketers – 99%
• Secretarial/Adm. Assistant – ...
70%
-Is Increasing at 1% Per Year-
70% of Young Adult Males (18-24 yrs old) are
NOT Eligible for the Military
70%
Are they employable?
70% of Young Adult Males (18-24 yrs old) are
NOT Eligible for the Military
70%
Are they headed to public
assistance?
70% of Young Adult Males (18-24 yrs old) are
NOT Eligible for the Military
70% of Young Adult Males (18-24 yrs old) are NOT
Eligible for the Military
• Cannot Pass Military Entrance Exam
• Lack Hig...
We Need Different Students
• Strong analytical skills.
• Practical ingenuity, creativity;
innovator.
• Global communicatio...
Solutions – Which way do we go?
• Embrace What’s Next
• Create new inventors
• Disrupt the Educational
Paradigm
• Establis...
Five Trends will create new jobs and
eliminate old ones
• Internet of Things
• Wearable Technology
• Computational Intelli...
Computers and Sensors Worn
on the Body
Everything Connected to the Network
WHAT ARE WEARABLE
TECHNOLOGIES?
WHAT IS THE INT...
Why the market is interesting?
Source: Ericsson Mobility Report, “On The Pulse Of The Networked Society,” June 2013
THINGS...
IOTs Future is Very Bright
Security Monitoring
Smart
Irrigation
Smart
Appliances
Water Quality Monitoring
Pet Location
Sma...
What can fit in a wearable DEVICE?
Power
Management WiFi + Bluetooth
+ FM + NFC
GPS
3G Cellular SoC
w/Quad-Core
1GHz CPU a...
Watch this!
Why Kids are the ideal inventors?
Creative
Motivated by
challenges
Not afraid of failure
Resilient
Idealistic
Create Inven...
Why Kids are the ideal inventors?
Kelvin Doe, Sierra Leone, created
batteries and generators; started a
radio station for ...
Girl-power!
What do these great companies have in common?
Founders were all in their teens or 20s
Laser CutterCNC Machine Sewing
Machine
Scanner
3D Printer
Vinyl Cutter
Modela Milling Machine
Items in a Make - SPace
FAB-Camp UCI
• In July and August 150 (6th thru
10th)students participate in the
UCI FAB-Camp and App Camp.
• This program...
Fab Camp Video
http://www.triolith.com/2011/08/08/design-insigths-about-diablo-3-auction-house/
Novel Partnerships
works out when there i...
We should be concerned... but?
1. Electrification
2. Automobile
3. Airplane
4. Water Supply and Distribution
5. Electronic...
Major 21st Century Innovations
. . . . And many more!
Early childhood stem symposium
Early childhood stem symposium
Early childhood stem symposium
Early childhood stem symposium
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Early childhood stem symposium

Gregory Washington
February 20, 2016

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Early childhood stem symposium

  1. 1. The “E” in STEM: Why We Can’t Wait Gregory Washington, PhD Stacey Nicholas Dean of Engineering Henry Samueli School of Engineering University of California, Irvine
  2. 2. Unprecedented Global Challenges Level 1 • Climate Change • Water Scarcity • Energy Security • Cyber Security • Global financial structure • Biodiversity and Ecosystem losses • Fisheries Depletion • Deforestation • Infectious Disease Level 2 • Poverty • Education • The Digital Divide • Urbanization • Intellectual property • International labor and migration • E-Commerce rules • Biotechnology rules • Maritime Safety and Pollution Disruptive to our way of lifeEliminate our way of life Are we educating students to solve the grand challenges of our generation?
  3. 3. Unprecedented Global Competitors Singapore 2015 Singapore 1965 Shanghai - 1987 Shanghai 2015 Are we educating students to truly compete globally?
  4. 4. Source: National Center for Education Statistics Top Bachelors Majors at US Universities 1. Business 2. General Studies 3. Social Science and History 4. Psychology 5. Health Professions 6. Education 7. Visual and Performing Arts 8. Engineering and Technology 9. Communications and Journalism 10. Computer and Information Science
  5. 5. Source: National Center for Education Statistics Top Bachelors Majors at Global Universities 1.Business (1) 2.General Studies (10) 3.Social Science and History (6) 4.Psychology (9) 5.Health Professions (4) 6.Education (5) 7.Visual and Performing Arts (8) 8.Engineering and Technology (2) 9.Communications and Journalism (7) 10.Computer and Information Science (3)
  6. 6. -500 500 1500 2500 3500 4500 5500 1971 1982 1996 1999 2003 2006 2007 2010 2015 TransistorCount(Millions) Pen um II AMD K8 Itanium 2 Core 2 Duo Cell AMD K10 Itanium 2 with 9 MB Cache Core 17 (Quad) Power6 Six-Core Opteron 24 Dual-Core Itanium 2 Quad-Core Itanium 8-Core Xeon 18-Core Xeon Haswell Year PentiumIntel 4004 More than half of the top 10 in demand jobs in 2016 did not exist in 2005 Six-Core Xeon 7400 Radio- 38 Years TV - 13 Years Cellphone 7 Years Internet - 4 Years Facebook 2 Years Unprecedented Change Years to 50 million users Are we educating students for the job market of the future?
  7. 7. Remember this?
  8. 8. Did you think it could wind up here?
  9. 9. Record movies Record movies View movies Photographs Compute Listen Radio Play Games Measure Time Telephone Share pictures Share text Yellow Pages Plan route Forecast weather DassaultSystemes2009 Design Listen Music (mobile!) 2016 Now integrated in our pockets But we STILL educate the same way 1980: Disconnected Technologies
  10. 10. Is Education changing fast enough? “The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn” – A. Toffler
  11. 11. … not at the pace of industry...
  12. 12. Poh, M.Z., Swenson, N.C., Picard, R.W Long-Term Brain Activity
  13. 13. 14 3/2/2016 • In the next 5 years you will no longer need • IDs • Money • Credit Cards • Store cards • Business Cards • Photos • Mail/Mailman • Paper and Hardback Books • Bills and notices • Paper • Steering Wheels • Organ Donors? • Classrooms
  14. 14. Technology is a New Real Competitor • Probability of Computerization • Telemarketers – 99% • Secretarial/Adm. Assistant – 96% • Accountant/Auditors – 94% • Retail Salespersons – 92% • Technical Writers – 89% • Paralegals – 94% • Postal Service Clerks – 95% • Machinists – 65% • 47% of total US employment is at risk The future of Employment: How Susceptible Jobs are to Computerisation; C.B. Frey, M.A. Osborne
  15. 15. 70% -Is Increasing at 1% Per Year- 70% of Young Adult Males (18-24 yrs old) are NOT Eligible for the Military
  16. 16. 70% Are they employable? 70% of Young Adult Males (18-24 yrs old) are NOT Eligible for the Military
  17. 17. 70% Are they headed to public assistance? 70% of Young Adult Males (18-24 yrs old) are NOT Eligible for the Military
  18. 18. 70% of Young Adult Males (18-24 yrs old) are NOT Eligible for the Military • Cannot Pass Military Entrance Exam • Lack High School Diploma • Obesity • Drugs • Incarceration
  19. 19. We Need Different Students • Strong analytical skills. • Practical ingenuity, creativity; innovator. • Global communication skills. • Business, management skills. • High ethical standards, professionalism. • Dynamic/agile/resilient/flexible. • Lifelong learner. • Able to put problems in their socio- technical and operational context. • Adaptive leader, Team Player • Innovators Mentality 20 The Student of 2020 “It takes a village to raise an engineer”
  20. 20. Solutions – Which way do we go? • Embrace What’s Next • Create new inventors • Disrupt the Educational Paradigm • Establish Create and Make Spaces • Experiential Learning • Partner or Perish
  21. 21. Five Trends will create new jobs and eliminate old ones • Internet of Things • Wearable Technology • Computational Intelligence • Social Networks • Data Fusion These trends an bring forward new opportunities as hundreds of thousands of smart people have access to software, knowhow, and the 5 items above
  22. 22. Computers and Sensors Worn on the Body Everything Connected to the Network WHAT ARE WEARABLE TECHNOLOGIES? WHAT IS THE INTERNET OF THINGS? WHAT DO THEY HAVE IN COMMON? Connectivity
  23. 23. Why the market is interesting? Source: Ericsson Mobility Report, “On The Pulse Of The Networked Society,” June 2013 THINGS PEOPLE PLACES 50B THINGS connected 50 40 30 20 10 0 Billions 1900 1990 2000 20202010 1B PLACES connected 5B PEOPLE connected
  24. 24. IOTs Future is Very Bright Security Monitoring Smart Irrigation Smart Appliances Water Quality Monitoring Pet Location Smart Metering Mold Detection Smart Watch Health Monitor Out-Patient Monitor Wearable Sensors Smart Glasses Cardiac Monitor Smart Clothing Location Monitoring Energy & Water Use Smart Grids Pollution Monitoring Structural Monitoring Urban Noise Maps Traffic Congestion Smart Parking Your City Your Home Your body
  25. 25. What can fit in a wearable DEVICE? Power Management WiFi + Bluetooth + FM + NFC GPS 3G Cellular SoC w/Quad-Core 1GHz CPU and Advanced Graphics Memory
  26. 26. Watch this!
  27. 27. Why Kids are the ideal inventors? Creative Motivated by challenges Not afraid of failure Resilient Idealistic Create Inventors
  28. 28. Why Kids are the ideal inventors? Kelvin Doe, Sierra Leone, created batteries and generators; started a radio station for his village from a deteriorating voltage stabilizer that he found in the trash. William Kamkwamba, Malawi, windmill to power his family’s house using blue gum trees, bicycle parts, and materials collected from a scrapyard
  29. 29. Girl-power!
  30. 30. What do these great companies have in common? Founders were all in their teens or 20s
  31. 31. Laser CutterCNC Machine Sewing Machine Scanner 3D Printer Vinyl Cutter Modela Milling Machine Items in a Make - SPace
  32. 32. FAB-Camp UCI • In July and August 150 (6th thru 10th)students participate in the UCI FAB-Camp and App Camp. • This program gave students “hands on” project based learning skills while simultaneously exposing them to multiple engineering disciplines • Students built their own, LED, Fuel Cell, Hovercraft, model aircraft, ice cream, etc. • They also learned the basics of advanced manufacturing with a focus on how to use CAD software and 3-D printers http://sites.uci.edu/fabcamp/
  33. 33. Fab Camp Video
  34. 34. http://www.triolith.com/2011/08/08/design-insigths-about-diablo-3-auction-house/ Novel Partnerships works out when there is common purpose and pursuit • We need more collaboration between University and K-12 • Engineering must be at the table along with the Sciences and Education • NGO’s play a key role • Industry is our greatest untapped resource • Adopt a School Program • Industry Partner • University Partner • Parent support group
  35. 35. We should be concerned... but? 1. Electrification 2. Automobile 3. Airplane 4. Water Supply and Distribution 5. Electronics 6. Radio and Television 7. Agricultural Mechanization 8. Computers 9. Telephone 10. Air Conditioning 11. Highways 12. Spacecraft 13. Internet 14. Imaging 15. Household Appliances 16. Health Technologies 17. High-Performance Materials 18. Laser and Fiber Optics 19. Nuclear Technologies 20. Petroleum and Petrochemical Technologies • We were able to do this in spite of the fact that in 1900 the US Population was 76 million and China’s was 467 million (6.14 times larger than ours). China’s Population in 2013 was only 4.33 times larger than ours. •What about people like me? Great Achievements of the Last Century
  36. 36. Major 21st Century Innovations . . . . And many more!

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