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Dg 2016 05 gfpr launch india


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Dr. Shenggen Fan

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Dg 2016 05 gfpr launch india

  1. 1. MAY 31, 2016 | NEW DELHI, INDIA Shenggen Fan Director General, IFPRI
  2. 2. Looking back at 2015 Sustainable Development Goals Global goals that call for local action COP21 Commitments to slow GHG emissions WTO ministerial meeting Pledged to eliminate distortionary trade policies Low oil & food prices Oil: Lowest in 11 years Food: Falling fourth year in a row Refugee crisis More migration from Afghanistan, Eritrea, Myanmar, Syria + Slow economic growth Driven by slowdown in emerging economies 2015Climate change El Niño: Ethiopia’s worst drought in 30 years
  3. 3. Regional and national developments MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA • Persistent conflict in Syria • Rising prevalence of overnutrition SOUTH ASIA • India: New sanitation, irrigation program • Bangladesh: New nutrition, food safety policy AFRICA • 18 countries achieved poverty MDG • El Niño; conflicts in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan LATIN AMERICA & CARRIBBEAN • Poverty & hunger MDGs achieved • Overweight, obesity increasing EAST ASIA • China: New food safety regulation • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank established
  4. 4. 2016 GFPR overview Value chains, food systems Regional developments Green energy Sustainable diets Climate change, smallholders, SDGs Healthy soils Food loss and food waste Water management Food policy indicators
  5. 5. The global food system is vulnerable to persistent and emerging challenges Picture sources: Ngo Trung; USDA; Goyette; UNDP; Niehaus Climate change, extreme weather events Agriculture-related risks, food safety scandals Growing land, water constraints Persistent conflicts Population growth, urbanization, changing diets AND food system needs to play bigger role in economic and social development
  6. 6. A new global food system to achieve multiple SDGs New food system Efficient Inclusive Climate-smart Sustainable Nutrition- and health- driven Business-friendly Over half of SDGs relate to food security and nutrition
  7. 7. Efficient Producing more with less India: Bihar and Odisha • High payoffs for improved technologies for pulses, maize • Poor farmers require assistance to adopt technologies Source: Joshi et al. 2016 Adopt sustainable intensification technologies • Stress-tolerant, high-yielding varieties, e.g. pulses • Surface seeding technique, e.g. rice-wheat systems Reduce post-harvest losses • Increase support for agro-processing, cold storage facilities, transportation, packaging
  8. 8. Inclusive Creating opportunities for smallholders, women, youth How supporting smallholders can contribute to achieving multiple SDGs Source: Nwanze and Fan 2016
  9. 9.  Advance frontiers for breeding high-yielding, climate-ready crop varieties, e.g. C4 Rice • Drought and heat resistant; thrives in hot, arid environments • Increased rice yields (50%) and N-use efficiency (30%) (IRRI 2012) Groundnuts in India • Yield gains high, up to 108% • Resistant to drought, disease (Deb, Bantilan, Nigam 2005)  Promote low carbon policy and market incentives • e.g. Brazil’s Low Carbon Agriculture Program • Integrate smallholders into carbon trading markets  Plan for and prioritize low carbon agriculture options • Involve all stakeholders in planning, priority-setting, and decision-making processes Climate-smart Promoting multiple-win solutions
  10. 10. Sustainable Meeting demand for generations to come Promote healthy soils (Koo et al. 2016) • Invest in perennials to improve soil health • Recognize soil, land, ecosystem services as public goods Encourage better water management (Ringler and Passarelli 2016) • Introduce incentives, e.g. taxes, quotas, usage rights • Invest in traditional technologies (e.g. dams) and nontraditional ones (e.g. green infrastructure) Ensure widespread access to modern energy (Arndt, Msangi, and Thurlow 2016) • Harness potential of solar power, biofuels
  11. 11. Nutrition- and health-driven Implementing value chain approach Interventions for nutrition-driven value chains • Increase food supply • India: Retail outlets, distribution channels increase vegetable production & diversify diets • Change food demand • India: Seed provision & communication schemes promote vegetable, pulse intake • Enhance value chain organization and performance • Vietnam: Third-party testing to smallholders increased milk quality, prices; reduced wastage0 10 20 30 40 50 South Asia India Bangladesh Prevalence of under-5 stunting, 2014 (%) Source: UNICED/WHO/WB 2015 Source: Allen, De Brauw, Gelli 2016
  12. 12. Business-friendly Enabling environment for market-based solutions Eliminate distortionary trade policies • e.g. import tariffs, export bans hurt the poor, hinder efficiency of agric. markets Improve targeting of subsidies • Resources can fund public goods and support nutritious food production Increase private sector participation • Create enabling environment e.g. transportation, communications, energy infrastructure; financial capital
  13. 13. The global food system is unsustainable... …it must be reshaped to achieve multiple SDGs Photo credit: IFAD/Susan Beccio