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CRVS – Gender & emergencies in Africa

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Presentation by Oliver Chinganya (UNECA) at the international conference on innovations in Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) systems - Ottawa on 27-28 February 2018. See more at http://crvsinnovations.net

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CRVS – Gender & emergencies in Africa

  1. 1. Harnessing The Power: CRVS Systems For 2030 Global Agendas Ottawa 2018, February 27-28 CRVS – Gender & Emergencies in Africa Oliver Chinganya African Centre for Statistics, UNECA February 2018
  2. 2. Gender in the development process  Development policies & measures that overlook gender-based differences lead to inefficient & ineffective policies that perpetuate & exacerbate gender inequality & undermine efforts aiming to create wealth and reduce poverty.  A basic right - gender equality in development areas brings economic benefits that can boost economic growth & development.  In Africa, women and men have unequal access to basic human, social and economic needs. These inequalities generally work to the disadvantage of women compared to men; 2
  3. 3. Importance of Gender in the development process The achievement of sustainable and inclusive growth requires the active involvement of women & girls in economic, social & political life. For instance:  Education: Gender equality in education is a key driver for the development of human capital and increases the participation of women in the labor market - they lead to decline in fertility and dependency ratio.  Agriculture: Gender equality in agriculture enhances productivity, food security & poverty reduction, particularly in Africa where women constitute the main agricultural food producers - given the great contribution to GDP & its great potential for poverty reduction & job creation , equal distribution of agricultural resources can lead to significant improvement of economic growth.  Employment: Gender inequalities contribute to inaccurate, biased, and inefficient composition of the labor force - such gender bias can hinder economic development. Women participation in the labor market has a long term positive impact on national economic growth, given its effect on intergenerational transfer through child education. 3
  4. 4. CRVS – Gender issues & Emergency situations In emergencies, women & children make up the majority of refugees & internally displaced persons & face more challenges. Vulnerable groups (children/women) become invisible and exposed to human rights violation, excluded from accessing legal and social protections, and from entitlements such as health, food security and education.  The last three decades, Africa has experienced multiple forms of emergency situation resulting from armed conflicts, natural disaster & health crises.  Under emergency situation, provision of civil registration services can be dysfunctional & in some cases they may be destroyed completely.  A well-functioning CRVS systems is therefore essential for creating inclusive society, protecting human rights, ensuring proper delivery of public services and tackling gender inequalities, particularly in Emergencies.  Issuance of certificate of vital events such as birth, death, marriage and divorce allows women and girls to have legal and administrative documents enabling them to exercise their right to access to basics services and human rights. 4
  5. 5. Innovation – CRVS & Gender in Emergency situations The ask!!  Establish an innovative & integrated CRVS monitoring mechanism at national and regional levels for tracking progress of inclusive development agenda including gender in emergencies.  Enact appropriate national legal framework for mainstreaming gender and CRVS in emergency situations.  Investment on innovative, affordable and sustainable IT infrastructure, such as OpenCRVS - great potential for registration using mobile devices and fully-interoperable CRVS systems to help tackle the challenge in emergency situations. . 5
  6. 6. Innovation – CRVS & Gender in Emergency situations The ask?  Develop innovative business process transformation to make the CRVS systems responsive to gender and emergency situations by improving accessibility and quality of civil registration and related services.  National CRVS systems should collaborate with international organizations working in emergencies such as UNHCR to address the challenges for CRVS in emergency situations. Conclusion – CRVS systems are indispensable for effective implementation of universal & inclusive development including gender equality under all situations driven by key principles of • A2030 – “leaving no one behind” • A2063 – the Africa we want 6
  7. 7. Thank you 7

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