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“The Truth about Fibre
Cement Panels”
(history only)
Three Eras of Fibre Cement Panels
§  Invention
§  Application by Grand Architects
§  Product diversification
Fibre Ceme...
Invention; European History
§  Invention in
Austria at turn of
last century
Invention of Fibre Cement
Austria 1900
Ludwig Hatscheck, 1900
§  Austrian Invention
–  In 1893 Ludwig Hatscheck,
making materials in paper
machine factory
–  In...
1903
Fibre Cement; European History
§  Austrian Invention
–  Hatscheck sold the patented product to brand
Eternit with differe...
Alphonse Emsens, 1905
The Second
Era – Grand
Architects
Eternit pavilion, 1958 expo
in Brussels
Willy Guhl, rocking chair loop fiber
cement 1954
Walter Gropius,
gropiusstadt, Berlin,
b1960-1975
Eternit panels in high
rise ventilated facade
application
The Architect….creativity
Le Corbusier – 1952 – Marseille France, La cité radieu
Architect: Herzog & de Meuron – 1987 - Switzerland, Mulhouse – Ricola factory
- 1987
- Switzerland, Mulhouse
- Ricola factory Entrepôt
Design approach
The concept was an open cardboard box.
The fibre ...
New through coloured facade materials since 2000
Turning point
The Ricola warehouse building is a turning point, moving aw...
Result of work of Grand Architects
§  High Density fibre cement panels were created by
firms including Etex that are:
–  ...
Fibre Cement – Façade Material for Architects
production
Fibre Cement
Colour in the mass
Innovative
Authentic
Durable and
Sustainable
Source :
Durability of Autoclaved Cellulose Fibre Cement Composites
7th Inorganic-Bonded Wood and Fibre Conference, 2000
Performance with Ventilated Facades
Domes&c	
  use	
  of	
  ven&lated	
  facade	
  
Alcoa building pittsburgh
Ca 1950 1st modern use
Ventilated façade – performance for
building envelope
3rd Era - innovation
Expressive impressions
Nuance in the colours
Choice in textures
EQUITONE
Fibre cement,
a material for
complete
design
freedom
Delugan Meissl, Erl opera house, 2012
§  Liberty in form
and function.
Fibre Cement – for architectural facades
§  Creative
freedom is to
create
translucent
facades and
play with the
construction
details
Gortemaker, Ar-Te, Gasthuisbe...
Regina Schineis Architecten, Augsburg, Germany
§  Liberty to create
movement
Fibre Cement – for architectural facades
Bussman+ Haberer, Berlin, Germany (2006)
Fibre Cement – for architectural facades
§  Liberty in 3D
Astrid Bornheim, Berlin (2010)
§  Liberty to
integrate with
interior
Fibre Cement – for architectural facades
§  No limits in height
or construction
innovation
Jo Coenen, Exhibition centre, Venlo (NL), 2011
§  Prefab construction
with structural
elements
Jo Coenen, Exhibition centre, Venlo (The Netherlands), 2011
Fibre Cement ...
Boguslaw Wowrzeczka i zespol, Wroclaw, Poland (2008)
§  Liberty with
concepts
Fibre Cement – for architectural facades
Industry Standard: EN 12467
§  Fabrication tolerances
§  All measures of strength
–  bending
–  Tension
–  compression
§...
Industry Standard EN 12467
Medium and High Density Fibre Cement
High Density
• Density = 1.650 kg/m3
• Strength = 17-24Mpa
• Manufacturing tolerances...
HD
MD
Engineered Assemblies applications
A complete system!
Canada – 7-80,000 sq ft per year
HouseCondo HotelUniversity SchoolHospital
Thank you to the Architects and
Builders in Canada
§  Ecole
–  Terrabonne
–  St Jacques Esther Blondin – Tremblay L'Ecuye...
Creative Fibre Cement in Canada
Complete design for Rear Ventilated
Rain Screen Facade
•  Ventilation
•  Movement
•  Vertical girts
spaced based on
wind l...
Conclusion
§  Three eras of Fibre Cement
–  Invention
–  Grand Architects drive for raw, simple aesthetic; Etex
answers.
...
“The Truth about Fibre
Cement Panels”
(history only)
April 2014 fibre cement architectural facades by engineered assemblies history only
April 2014 fibre cement architectural facades by engineered assemblies history only
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History of Fibre Cement by Engineered Assemblies for Equitone

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April 2014 fibre cement architectural facades by engineered assemblies history only

  1. 1. “The Truth about Fibre Cement Panels” (history only)
  2. 2. Three Eras of Fibre Cement Panels §  Invention §  Application by Grand Architects §  Product diversification Fibre Cement Panels with 100+ history
  3. 3. Invention; European History §  Invention in Austria at turn of last century
  4. 4. Invention of Fibre Cement Austria 1900
  5. 5. Ludwig Hatscheck, 1900 §  Austrian Invention –  In 1893 Ludwig Hatscheck, making materials in paper machine factory –  Inspired by production of cardboard, Ludwig Hatscheck began to blend cement and mineral fibres and created the premier fibre cement. –  In 1900 he took a patent, very light and very durable
  6. 6. 1903
  7. 7. Fibre Cement; European History §  Austrian Invention –  Hatscheck sold the patented product to brand Eternit with different industrial families in different European countries.
  8. 8. Alphonse Emsens, 1905
  9. 9. The Second Era – Grand Architects Eternit pavilion, 1958 expo in Brussels
  10. 10. Willy Guhl, rocking chair loop fiber cement 1954
  11. 11. Walter Gropius, gropiusstadt, Berlin, b1960-1975 Eternit panels in high rise ventilated facade application
  12. 12. The Architect….creativity
  13. 13. Le Corbusier – 1952 – Marseille France, La cité radieu
  14. 14. Architect: Herzog & de Meuron – 1987 - Switzerland, Mulhouse – Ricola factory
  15. 15. - 1987 - Switzerland, Mulhouse - Ricola factory Entrepôt Design approach The concept was an open cardboard box. The fibre cement panels are used as giant shutters in varying inclininations and sizes, displaying a striking rythm in the facade as well as a translucence in the inside. Authentic fibre cement Now people look differently at fibre cement. This combination of lightness versatility and authenticity could only be achieved with fibre cement. architect: Herzog & De Meuron photographer: Till Niermann Fibre Cement – light, versatile, durable
  16. 16. New through coloured facade materials since 2000 Turning point The Ricola warehouse building is a turning point, moving away from large uniform and coated panels to raw untreated ones. Worldwide recognition The Ricola warehouse established the architectural firm’s reputation on the international stage. Innovation It also started a creative process with fibre cement manufacturers resulting in new through coloured facade materials. architect: Herzog & De Meuron photographer: Till Niermann - 1987 - Switzerland, Mulhouse - Ricola factory warehouse Fibre Cement – Natural Aesthetic
  17. 17. Result of work of Grand Architects §  High Density fibre cement panels were created by firms including Etex that are: –  Light, durable, sustainable –  Raw, natural aesthetic – cementious finish –  Coatings and sealants not required –  Design freedom: configurable in unlimited manner
  18. 18. Fibre Cement – Façade Material for Architects
  19. 19. production Fibre Cement
  20. 20. Colour in the mass
  21. 21. Innovative
  22. 22. Authentic
  23. 23. Durable and Sustainable
  24. 24. Source : Durability of Autoclaved Cellulose Fibre Cement Composites 7th Inorganic-Bonded Wood and Fibre Conference, 2000
  25. 25. Performance with Ventilated Facades
  26. 26. Domes&c  use  of  ven&lated  facade  
  27. 27. Alcoa building pittsburgh Ca 1950 1st modern use
  28. 28. Ventilated façade – performance for building envelope
  29. 29. 3rd Era - innovation Expressive impressions Nuance in the colours Choice in textures
  30. 30. EQUITONE Fibre cement, a material for complete design freedom
  31. 31. Delugan Meissl, Erl opera house, 2012 §  Liberty in form and function. Fibre Cement – for architectural facades
  32. 32. §  Creative freedom is to create translucent facades and play with the construction details Gortemaker, Ar-Te, Gasthuisberg hospital IT facility, Belgium 2011 Fibre Cement – for architectural facades
  33. 33. Regina Schineis Architecten, Augsburg, Germany §  Liberty to create movement Fibre Cement – for architectural facades
  34. 34. Bussman+ Haberer, Berlin, Germany (2006) Fibre Cement – for architectural facades §  Liberty in 3D
  35. 35. Astrid Bornheim, Berlin (2010) §  Liberty to integrate with interior Fibre Cement – for architectural facades
  36. 36. §  No limits in height or construction innovation Jo Coenen, Exhibition centre, Venlo (NL), 2011
  37. 37. §  Prefab construction with structural elements Jo Coenen, Exhibition centre, Venlo (The Netherlands), 2011 Fibre Cement – for architectural facades
  38. 38. Boguslaw Wowrzeczka i zespol, Wroclaw, Poland (2008) §  Liberty with concepts Fibre Cement – for architectural facades
  39. 39. Industry Standard: EN 12467 §  Fabrication tolerances §  All measures of strength –  bending –  Tension –  compression §  Cycling testing –  cold –  wet and dry –  heat §  Impact §  The uses in the building –  Exterior = A –  Backer board = C
  40. 40. Industry Standard EN 12467
  41. 41. Medium and High Density Fibre Cement High Density • Density = 1.650 kg/m3 • Strength = 17-24Mpa • Manufacturing tolerances eg ± 0.5mm • Coatings ONLY for aesthetics • Standard for ICI buildings Medium Density • Density = 1.300 kg/m3 • Strength = 7-10Mpa • Manufacturing tolerances eg ± 1.6mm • Coatings protect panel so depends on durability of coating • Standard for residential
  42. 42. HD MD
  43. 43. Engineered Assemblies applications A complete system!
  44. 44. Canada – 7-80,000 sq ft per year HouseCondo HotelUniversity SchoolHospital
  45. 45. Thank you to the Architects and Builders in Canada §  Ecole –  Terrabonne –  St Jacques Esther Blondin – Tremblay L'Ecuyer –  Exupery – Un Architecture §  Les Sports –  Arena Trois Pistoles – Carl Charon –  Centre Sportif Bois de Fillion - L'Écuyer Lefaivre architectes §  Hotel –  Alt Hotel (Toronto) – Lemay Michaud –  La Ferme Baie St Paul - Consortium Hudon & Julien / Coarchitecture, Lemay &   Michaud, St-Gelais Montminy Architectes §  Retail –  Provigo (3) – Stendel + Reich –  Bank Iberville –  Adonis épicerie - Boutros –  Magasin Denis –  Via Capitale §  Condo –  1200 Alexandre – Groupe Marchand –  Cité des Batisseurs – Atelier Raouf Boutros et Casa Architects –  Via Dante §  Bureau –  Edifice Tanguay - Coarchitecture –  Edifice Charles Gagnon – CGBW Studio §  Maison –  Le mers –  Tremblant
  46. 46. Creative Fibre Cement in Canada
  47. 47. Complete design for Rear Ventilated Rain Screen Facade •  Ventilation •  Movement •  Vertical girts spaced based on wind loads
  48. 48. Conclusion §  Three eras of Fibre Cement –  Invention –  Grand Architects drive for raw, simple aesthetic; Etex answers. –  Innovation and Diversification §  High Density Fibre Cement is result –  Light, durable, sustainable –  Raw, natural aesthetic – cementious finish –  Coatings and sealants not required –  Design freedom: configurable in unlimited manner
  49. 49. “The Truth about Fibre Cement Panels” (history only)

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