Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Upcoming SlideShare
What to Upload to SlideShare
Next

How We Got the Bible - Session 4

Heritage Presbyterian Church
Adult Sunday School

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all
  • Be the first to like this

How We Got the Bible - Session 4

  1. 1. Last Week’s Application As a group, let’s commit to memorize 1 Corinthians 15:1-4 in order to communicate the gospel clearly when the opportunity arises. Write these verses on a card or slip of paper, then put it somewhere you will see it often. Pray as a group for God to provide opportunities for sharing the gospel. How did it go?
  2. 2. Adult Sunday School: Session 4 How the Books of the New Testament Were Chosen Theme: God created the NT canon by inspiring the written words of Christ- commissioned eyewitnesses and their close associates
  3. 3. Key Terms 1. Apostle—From Greek apostolos, “sent out,” “commissioned”; a witness of the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Acts 1:22) and recipient of his teachings (Ephesians 3:5), commissioned to safeguard the gospel and to apply the teachings of Jesus in the churches. Occasionally applied more broadly to individuals sent on a mission (Acts 14:4, 14) 2. Athanasius (c. 296-373)—A bishop in Alexandria who championed the doctrine of the Trinity against the heretic Arius. He wrote an Easter letter in the year AD 367 which listed the same 27 books that appear in the NT today.
  4. 4. Key Terms 3. Lost Gospels—The term usually refers to ancient writings that were excluded from the NT, even though they included supposed recollections of events and teachings from the life of Jesus. Complete manuscripts of a few of these lost Gospels have survived. Others survive only in tiny fragments of papyrus or in brief quotations found in the writings of early Christian scholars. Several lost Gospels were discovered anew in the past 100 years...
  5. 5. Key Terms 3. Lost Gospels—…Copies of some texts—such as Gospel of Philip, Gospel of Thomas, Gospel of Truth, and Coptic Gospel of the Egyptians—were unearthed in 1945 in Egypt, near a village known as Nag Hammadi. If a Gospel is defined as an ancient retelling of the events or teachings from Jesus’ life, there are fewer than 30 known Gospels. Unlike the NT Gospels, many lost Gospels record only isolated teachings or fragmentary incidents from the life of Jesus.
  6. 6. Key Terms 4. Muratorian Fragment—First known listing of Christian writings that were received as authoritative and be publicly read in the churches; so called because it’s recorded on a fragment discovered by a man named Ludovico Muratori around 1740. No one knows who recorded this list; the list seems to have been written in the vicinity of Rome in the second half of the second century and may have originated in a gathering of church leaders. The list includes all the books that appear in the NT today except Hebrews, James, 1 & 2 Peter, and 2 & 3 John.
  7. 7. Questions We’re Afraid to Ask 1. Can every book in the NT be connected to an eyewitness? What about the books disputed early on like Hebrews and James? 2. Who created the NT canon? I’ve heard a plausible story that the Roman Emperor Constantine is responsible for the formation of the NT canon as he called and presided over the First Council of Nicaea in AD 325. 3. How can we know that Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John were really the sources behind the Gospels? After all, none of these Gospels claim to be written by a particular author.
  8. 8. Consider and Discuss 1. Compared to other ancient historical writings, the NT books were written not long after the events they describe—during the lifetime of eyewitnesses, in fact! Why do you think these eyewitness accounts are criticized and mistrusted by secular historians, even though other ancient eyewitness testimonies are accepted without question? 2. The Gospel is historically trustworthy. How does this truth impact your everyday life? 3. Early Christians cared deeply about preserving and passing on the message of the eyewitnesses. Does your own life reflect that same passion? What are some things you can do to help more people hear or read this message?
  9. 9. Application for Daily Life The biblical authors often describe the power of God’s Word to combat all sorts of evil, including deceitful teachings. As a group, let’s dedicate ourselves to encourage and push each other to memorize and study Scripture. Start here: All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be competent, equipped for every good work. 2 Timothy 3:16-17

Heritage Presbyterian Church Adult Sunday School

Views

Total views

31

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

0

Actions

Downloads

0

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

0

×