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Sexual identity slides

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Slides from 2017 Census Roadshow

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Sexual identity slides

  1. 1. Sexual identity: update on research and testing 4th -10th July 2017
  2. 2. Outline • Definition of sexual identity • User requirement from topic consultation • Research and testing  In-depth interviews and focus groups  2017 Census Test in England and Wales  Public acceptability research on sexual identity and gender identity in England and Wales  Administrative and alternative data • Current assessment of sexual identity 2
  3. 3. What is sexual identity? Sexual orientation Identity Attraction Behaviour • Sexual identity is a subjective view of oneself which may change over time, in different contexts and may differ from sexual attraction and behaviour (Office for National Statistics 2016). 3 Figure 1: Classification of sexual orientation
  4. 4. Summary of topic consultation • User need for a sexual identity question (May 2016) • Three strands of research developed • External stakeholder workshop confirmed research and testing plan • Review of harmonised standard question in a census context 2017 Test and Evaluation Survey Public Acceptability Survey Development of statistics from ONS social surveys Figure 2: Strands of research 4
  5. 5. National harmonised standard question on sexual identity in UK • Developed from ONS Sexual Identity Project (2009) • Used to estimate lesbian, gay and bisexual population • Asked on social surveys to individuals aged 16+ • Spontaneous refusal to question allowed • Asked face to face and over the phone • Not answered for other household members 5
  6. 6. From harmonised question to Census Test: Qualitative testing results • Modification of national harmonised standard question for 2017 Test: Voluntary question Private completion: Individual form request Other write in option Answering on behalf of other household members aged 16+ Guidance with definitions of terms 6
  7. 7. 2017 Test: England and Wales • Aim: Investigate if including a question on sexual identity in one half of the sample has an effect on overall response • 100,000 households across seven local authorities in England and Wales 7
  8. 8. Areas for evaluation – 2017 Test 1. Overall response 2. Population groups response 3. Drop-off 4. Item non-response 5. Quality of response 6. Quality of other questions 7. Adverse public reaction 8. Individual form requests 9. Proxy response quality 10.Mode effects Decision points Analysis will have 10 stages: 8
  9. 9. Figure 3: Sexual identity estimates in 2017 Census Test and Annual Population Survey (APS) 2013-15 Note: Results based on person level counts on 9 May 2017 for respondents sent the sexual identity question. The preliminary figures from the census test data are unweighted. Final analysis will use weighted data. 9 88.6 1.8 0.6 0.4 8.5 93.6 2.1 0.6 0.4 3.4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Heterosexual or straight Gay or lesbian Bisexual Other Don’t know or refuse (APS)/ Missing (Census) Percentage Sexual identity PROVISIONAL RESULTS Census Test Annual Population Survey (APS)
  10. 10. Summary of 2017 Census Test • Early and provisional findings from the 2017 Census Test The overall response from the sample with a sexual identity question was about 1 percentage point lower to the sample without the question - within our 2 percentage point difference From the analysis so far, there is no evidence of a drop off in response after the sexual identity question Item non-response to the sex identity question (9%) is broadly acceptable and similar to the non- response rate for the religion question in 2011 (8%). 10
  11. 11. Public acceptability in England and Wales: Purpose and scope • Attitudes on sexual identity  Explore whether the public find it acceptable to answer a question on sexual identity  Whether public would be willing to answer on behalf of other household members aged 16 or over  Whether public would be willing for any other household members aged 16 or over to answer a sexual identity question on their behalf  If public would request an individual form or stop completing the census form completely • ‘Prefer not to say’ response option  Whether ‘prefer not to say’ option would make the question more acceptable 11
  12. 12. Public acceptability in England and Wales: Attitudes on sexual identity 12Base data: England = 3,374; Wales = 202. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 I would answer accurately and continue to complete the household form I would answer inaccurately and continue completing the household form I would skip the question and continue completing the household form I would stop completing the household form and request an individual form to complete I would stop completing the household form and not submit the Census form altogether Other Don't Know Not stated Percentage Response Figure 4: If this sexual identity question was included in the 2021 Census as a voluntary question, how would you answer the sexual identity question for yourself? Wales England
  13. 13. Acceptability of asking a sexual identity question on the census, England and Wales Figure 5: England Figure 6 : Wales 13 70.0 14.0 14.0 1.0 63.0 20.0 15.0 1.0 67.0 18.0 10.0 4.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 Percentage Acceptability of a sexual identity question Acceptability of asking a sexual identity question on the census Acceptability of answering on behalf of other household members age 16+ Acceptability of other household members answering on your behalf 68.0 16.0 10.0 5.0 71.0 15.0 15.0 0.0 73.0 11.0 12.0 3.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 Percentage Acceptability of a sexual identity question Acceptability of asking a sexual identity question on the census Acceptability of answering on behalf of other household members age 16+ Acceptability of other household members answering on your behalf Acceptability of asking a sexual identity question on the census: England = 3,734; Wales = 202. Acceptability of answering on behalf of other household members age 16+: England = 2,136; Wales = 103. Acceptability of other household members answering on your behalf : England = 2,136; Wales = 103.
  14. 14. Summary of public acceptability • There is limited effect of including a sexual identity question on the 2021 Census questionnaire  1% of members of public would stop completing household form and not submit the census questionnaire  1% would stop completing household form and request an individual form  Some issues with individuals answering the question on behalf of household members aged 16+ • But survey was about attitude not behaviour  More work to be done on private response from 2017 Census test 14
  15. 15. Administrative and alternative data • Limited administrative data to meet user needs at small geographies • Estimates produced using ONS Annual Population Survey three- year pooled dataset, January 2013 – December 2015 • Conclusion: i. Method isn’t suitable, particularly for English counties and local authorities of Great Britain ii. Increasing sample size from 3 years of data will affect timeliness of estimates of LGB population for data users Source: ONS (2017). Figure 6: Top 10 Local Authorities by gay or lesbian population 15
  16. 16. Current assessment of sexual identity • Evidence suggests that the question is broadly acceptable and will not have a significant impact on overall response – quality of response is also acceptable. • Further work: 1. Need for legislation and timetable 2. Space considerations on the census form 3. Detailed evaluation of Census Test data 4. Harmonisation in the United Kingdom 16
  17. 17. Thanks. Do you have any questions? Office for National Statistics Census customer services Titchfield, Fareham, Hants, PO15 5RR Email: census.customerservices@ons.gsi.gov.uk Tel: +44 (0)1329 444972 17

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