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Resilient And Smart: The 2000-Watt Society
Zurich‘s path to sustainable use of energy and resources
Tina Billeter Weymann
...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 2
Contents
1.  On the way to the 2000-watt society
2.  The 2000-watt variety
3.  Are we t...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 3
Source: bfs.admin.ch / data.worldbank.org / oecdbetterlifeindex.com / statista.com
1. O...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 4
Source: City of Zürich Statistics Office; Umweltbericht 2015
1. On the way to the 2000-...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 5
1. On the way to the 2000-watt society
Political System
-  National, state and city lev...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 6
1. On the way to the 2000-watt society
Sustainable sustainable sustainable sustainable ...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 7
ETH-BibliothekZürich,Bildarchiv/Fotograf:Heim,Arnold/
Dia_004-006/CCBY-SA4.0
1. On the ...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 8
ETH-BibliothekZürich,Bildarchiv/Fotograf:Heim,Albert/
Dia_004-065/PublicDomainMark
1. O...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 9
Watt per person
Source:IEAand2000-Watt-Fachstelle
Africa India World World China Switze...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 10
§  2000 Watts / person (primary energy)
§  1 Ton CO2e / person / annum until 2050
§...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 11
à «If we completely switch over to clean energy, will it
still matter how much we con...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 12
Source: Fachstelle 2000-Watt-Gesellschaft
à 1 ton CO2eq/person
Primary energy [watt/p...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 13
20 workers 3 horses
1 vacuum
cleaner
1. On the way to the 2000-watt society
How much a...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 14
Contents
1.  On the way to the 2000-Watt society
2.  The 2000-Watt variety
3.  Are we ...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 15
2. The 2000-Watt variety
A vision becomes reality
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 16
Changing life style:
Cooperative Kalkbreite:
Living space 35m2 per person,
common area...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 17
Cycling: faster, safer, healthier
Highlighting critical spots in traffic
Tempo 30km/h-...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 18
School gardens:
Zurich‘s children learn
about the value,
impact and production
costs o...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 19
Repair coffeeshops Swaps: Second life...
Sharing networks: car sharing...Transportatio...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 20
Support: Cleantech start-ups Public recycling systems
Efficiency: subsidizationOwn cho...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 21
Contents
1.  On the way to the 2000-Watt society
2.  The 2000-Watt variety
3.  Are we ...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 22
Primary energy
Target Target 2050
Wattperperson
TonneCO2perpersonDomestic heat
Domesti...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 23
Contents
1.  On the way to the 2000-Watt society
2.  The 2000-Watt variety
3.  Are we ...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 24
4. So what’s the plan?
«Adjustment screws» for achieving «2000-Watt»
Energy source
CO2...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 25
The implementation of the energy policy is based on:
1.  The objectives of the 2000-wa...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 26
4. So what’s the plan?
Energy Master Plan
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 27
– Building regulations: Enacted by the canton & implemented by the city
– City scope: ...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 28
1.  Increase the share of public transport (PT), pedestrian and
bicycle traffic in the...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 29
– Strategy: extension of renewable energy
– Ecological quality: private clients get
10...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 30
7 Meilenschritte ** Ausführungsbestimmungen Personalrecht ** Beschaffungsleitbild und ...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 31
Energiestation, Energiewaage, ECOSPEED Private…
4. So what’s the plan?
Information, su...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 32
Contents
1.  On the way to the 2000-Watt society
2.  The 2000-Watt variety
3.  Are we ...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 33
2050
Szenario gemäss Konzept Energieversorgung 2050
Today
5. Prospects for the city of...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 34
5. Prospects for the city of Zurich
Better knowledge: EnerGIS
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 35
4. Prospects for the city of Zurich
Smart Living: Multifunctional housing complexes
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 36
4. Prospects for the city of Zurich
Resilient infrastructure: multimodality
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 37
«We‘re on our way – on target...»
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 38
On the way to the 2000-Watt society
Thank you for your attention!
www.stadt-zuerich.ch...
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 39
www.stadt-zuerich.ch/2000watt
May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter
slide 40
3. Are we there yet?
Primary energy consumption
solar and wind power
wood and waste po...
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Resilient and Smart: the 2000-WATT Society

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Presentation by Tina Billeter Weymann, Sustainability Consultant, Zurich (CH). Resilient Cities, Smart Citizen seminar in Rio de Janeiro, May 2016.

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Resilient and Smart: the 2000-WATT Society

  1. 1. Resilient And Smart: The 2000-Watt Society Zurich‘s path to sustainable use of energy and resources Tina Billeter Weymann Former Director Eco-Compass Environmental and Health Protection Service, City of Zurich Rio de Janeiro, May 16, 2016 Resilient Cities – Smart Citizens
  2. 2. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 2 Contents 1.  On the way to the 2000-watt society 2.  The 2000-watt variety 3.  Are we there yet? 4.  So what’s the plan? 5.  Prospects for the city of Zurich
  3. 3. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 3 Source: bfs.admin.ch / data.worldbank.org / oecdbetterlifeindex.com / statista.com 1. On the way to the 2000-watt society Switzerland: Facts & Figures -  42’000 km2 (8’514’000 km2 ) -  8.24 Mio. people (204.86 Mio.) -  Fertility rate: 1.5 / w (1.8) -  Life expectancy: 83 y (74) -  Life quality: 8 out of 10 BLI (4.5) -  Chocolate consumption: 9.5 kg /y/c (1.5) -  Top export product: pharmaceuticals (soy) -  Nobel prize winner: 26 (1) -  Official & original languages: 4 & 8 (1 & 210)
  4. 4. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 4 Source: City of Zürich Statistics Office; Umweltbericht 2015 1. On the way to the 2000-watt society Zürich: Facts & Figures Population and employment Resident population (2014) 405'000 Share Foreign nationals 32% Population growth 2001 – 2014 12% Unemployment rate (Jan 2015) 4.0% Noise, above the limit: 3% Air, NO2 : 30µg/m3 Temperature: 9.7oC Water, micro- pollution: 0.9µg/L
  5. 5. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 5 1. On the way to the 2000-watt society Political System -  National, state and city level: Subsidiarity Principle -  Zürich: Executive («Stadtrat») and Legislative («Gemeinderat») -  Popular votes (four times per year, several subjects) -  Public service: education – all levels
  6. 6. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 6 1. On the way to the 2000-watt society Sustainable sustainable sustainable sustainable sustainable resilient & smart & resilient & smart & resilient & smart & re
  7. 7. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 7 ETH-BibliothekZürich,Bildarchiv/Fotograf:Heim,Arnold/ Dia_004-006/CCBY-SA4.0 1. On the way to the 2000-watt society Upcoming question Nr. 1: Finite Nature
  8. 8. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 8 ETH-BibliothekZürich,Bildarchiv/Fotograf:Heim,Albert/ Dia_004-065/PublicDomainMark 1. On the way to the 2000-watt society Nr. 2: Pollution & Climate Change
  9. 9. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 9 Watt per person Source:IEAand2000-Watt-Fachstelle Africa India World World China Switzerland Netherlands USA 1. On the way to the 2000-watt society Nr. 3: Global Fairness
  10. 10. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 10 §  2000 Watts / person (primary energy) §  1 Ton CO2e / person / annum until 2050 §  Promotion of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources §  No new investments in nuclear power plants 1. On the way to the 2000-watt society Municipal Code City of Zurich
  11. 11. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 11 à «If we completely switch over to clean energy, will it still matter how much we consume?» 1. On the way to the 2000-watt society How much energy do we need? Source:Overallenergystatistics,SwissFederalOfficeofEnergy
  12. 12. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 12 Source: Fachstelle 2000-Watt-Gesellschaft à 1 ton CO2eq/person Primary energy [watt/person] renewable non-renewable total total total 1. On the way to the 2000-watt society The goals ✪ 2013: 4‘200
  13. 13. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 13 20 workers 3 horses 1 vacuum cleaner 1. On the way to the 2000-watt society How much are 2000 watts?
  14. 14. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 14 Contents 1.  On the way to the 2000-Watt society 2.  The 2000-Watt variety 3.  Are we there yet? 4.  So what’s the plan? 5.  Prospects for the city of Zurich
  15. 15. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 15 2. The 2000-Watt variety A vision becomes reality
  16. 16. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 16 Changing life style: Cooperative Kalkbreite: Living space 35m2 per person, common areas, mixed use etc. Increasing material demands: the living space per person in Switzerland has doubled in the last fifty years. 2. The 2000-Watt variety The right amount – sufficiency
  17. 17. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 17 Cycling: faster, safer, healthier Highlighting critical spots in traffic Tempo 30km/h-zones: Noise protection and safety à less greenhouse gas emissions. 2. The 2000-Watt variety Slow down – smart mobility
  18. 18. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 18 School gardens: Zurich‘s children learn about the value, impact and production costs of food MenuPlus: ecologically optimized menus Vegetarian days in retirement homes 2. The 2000-Watt variety Healthy and organic – e.g. seasonal & local food
  19. 19. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 19 Repair coffeeshops Swaps: Second life... Sharing networks: car sharing...Transportation multimodality 2. The 2000-Watt variety Economic: sharing, exchanging, repairing
  20. 20. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 20 Support: Cleantech start-ups Public recycling systems Efficiency: subsidizationOwn choice – e.g. electricity supply 2. The 2000-Watt variety Innovation: rethink, reduce, reuse, recycle
  21. 21. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 21 Contents 1.  On the way to the 2000-Watt society 2.  The 2000-Watt variety 3.  Are we there yet? 4.  So what’s the plan? 5.  Prospects for the city of Zurich
  22. 22. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 22 Primary energy Target Target 2050 Wattperperson TonneCO2perpersonDomestic heat Domestic power Traffic Business heat Business power Total 3. Are we there yet? Three times less energy, five times less CO2
  23. 23. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 23 Contents 1.  On the way to the 2000-Watt society 2.  The 2000-Watt variety 3.  Are we there yet? 4.  So what’s the plan? 5.  Prospects for the city of Zurich
  24. 24. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 24 4. So what’s the plan? «Adjustment screws» for achieving «2000-Watt» Energy source CO2 Emissions Primary energy consumption Efficiency technologies + building insulation + electric transportation + operation optimization - inefficient engines - inefficient use / process - waste of ressources etc. Sufficiency Life style: modern living & working spaces More quality than quantity + water + sun + wind + biomass + waste + thermal heat - mineral oil - natural gas - nuclear power
  25. 25. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 25 The implementation of the energy policy is based on: 1.  The objectives of the 2000-watt society 2.  The energy master plan 2012 3.  The European Energy Gold Award (EEA Gold) 4. So what’s the plan? The energy policy of the City of Zurich
  26. 26. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 26 4. So what’s the plan? Energy Master Plan
  27. 27. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 27 – Building regulations: Enacted by the canton & implemented by the city – City scope: Standards for own buildings, basic research, flagship projects, role model and information / consultation: ...MINERGIE, MINERGIE-P, MINERGIE-ECO, MINERGIE-P-ECO... 4. So what’s the plan? «Seven Milestones» for city owned buildings
  28. 28. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 28 1.  Increase the share of public transport (PT), pedestrian and bicycle traffic in the modal split of overall traffic 2.  Improvement of availability and appeal of PT, pedestrian and bicycle traffic 3.  Stagnancy of motorised personal transport (MPT) 4.  Implementation of the goals of the 2000-watt society 5.  Protection of residents from the negative impacts of traffic 6.  Improvement of public spaces 4. So what’s the plan? «Urban Traffic 2025»: Strategy
  29. 29. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 29 – Strategy: extension of renewable energy – Ecological quality: private clients get 100 % electricity from renewable sources – Photovoltaics: solarzüri & meinsolar – Stromsparfonds: promotion of renewable energy and efficiency – Consumption: no quantity discounts – Efficiency bonus for contractors 4. So what’s the plan? Electricity – ecological standards & efficiency
  30. 30. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 30 7 Meilenschritte ** Ausführungsbestimmungen Personalrecht ** Beschaffungsleitbild und - strategie ** Charta für eine nachhaltige städt. Mobilität ** CO2-Kompensation bei Flugreisen ** Effizienzbonus ** Eigentümerstrategie Erdgas Zürich AG ** Energetische Bedingungen und Beschränkungen der Stromabgabe ** Energie-Coaching ** Energieversorgung 2050 ** ewz- Effizienzbonus ** ewz-Energieberatungspolitik ** Gemeindeordnung Art. 2quater ** Grossverbraucher-Zielvereinbarungen ** Grünbuch Stadt Zürich ** Grundlagen für die Umsetzung der 2000-Watt-Gesellschaft ** Holzenergieposition der Stadt Zürich ** Immobilien Standards für Bauten ** Immobilien-Strategie ** IT-Strategie ** Klimaschutz, Angebot an Mitarbeitende ** Konzept Energiekommunikation ** Leistungsauftrag für ewz ** Marktbeobachtungsbericht Fernwärme ** Massnahmenplan Luftreinhaltung ** Mobilitätsstrategie ** Nachhaltiges Mobilitätsmanagement Stadtverwaltung ** Öko-Kompass ** Parkplatzverordnung ** Pilotprojekt Mobility ** Portfolio-Strategien LVZ und IMMO ** Positionen, Handlungsleitlinien zur städt. Wohnpolitik ** Rahmenkredite ** Rationelle Verwendung von Elektrizität ** Räumliche Entwicklungsstrategie RES ** Raumtemperatur- Richtlinie ** Richtlinie "Ökologische Nachhaltigkeit" ** Richtlinien Gebäudetechnik ** Richtlinien Verwaltungsparkplätze ** Richtplanung ** Richtplanung Verkehr ** Richtplanung, Bauordnung ** Städteinitiative ** Städtische Fahrzeugpolitik ** Stromqualität in der Stadtverwaltung ** Stadtverkehr 2025 ** Stromzukunft Stadt Zürich ** Wärmeversorgungskonzept ** Wirtschaftlichkeit energetischer Massnahmen ** Zürich baut – gut und günstig 4. So what’s the plan? Strategies & policies with 2000-watt reference Conflicts & contradictions: Multi-generation task Success and failure - hand in hand Targets all areas of life – today and in the future
  31. 31. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 31 Energiestation, Energiewaage, ECOSPEED Private… 4. So what’s the plan? Information, support, awareness raising
  32. 32. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 32 Contents 1.  On the way to the 2000-Watt society 2.  The 2000-Watt variety 3.  Are we there yet? 4.  So what’s the plan? 5.  Prospects for the city of Zurich
  33. 33. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 33 2050 Szenario gemäss Konzept Energieversorgung 2050 Today 5. Prospects for the city of Zurich Independent: Vision energy supply 2050
  34. 34. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 34 5. Prospects for the city of Zurich Better knowledge: EnerGIS
  35. 35. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 35 4. Prospects for the city of Zurich Smart Living: Multifunctional housing complexes
  36. 36. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 36 4. Prospects for the city of Zurich Resilient infrastructure: multimodality
  37. 37. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 37 «We‘re on our way – on target...»
  38. 38. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 38 On the way to the 2000-Watt society Thank you for your attention! www.stadt-zuerich.ch/2000watt tinabilleter@yahoo.com www.stadt-zuerich.ch/energie www.stadt-zuerich.ch/umweltbericht Photos:ThankstoPIXXPOWERPhotography,swisspix.ch
  39. 39. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 39 www.stadt-zuerich.ch/2000watt
  40. 40. May 16, 2016 / T. Billeter slide 40 3. Are we there yet? Primary energy consumption solar and wind power wood and waste power hydropower nuclear power European power mix kerosine diesel gasoline wood, biogas, solar thermal etc. district heating natural gas fuel oil energy master plan goals solar and wind power wood and waste power hydropower nuclear power European power mix kerosine diesel gasoline wood, biogas, solar thermal etc. district heating natural gas fuel oil energy master plan goals Primary energy balance, city of Zurich Primaryenergyconsumption(watt/person)

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