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Determinates of pulse production a case study of madhya pradesh

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Determinates of pulse production a case study of madhya pradesh

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION In the world, pulses are grown by 171 countries. At triennium ending 2010- 11, the area under pulses was 723 lakh ha. This area provided about 644.08 lakh tones of pulses with a productivity of 890 kg / ha. The highest area was contributed by India (32.24 %) followed by Niger (7) and Myanmar (5.33) The contribution to total production by India was 23.46%, Canada 7.93, China 7.09 The highest productivity was of France (4219 kg / ha) followed by Canada (1936), USA (1882) India is the largest producer (25% of global production), consumer (27% of world consumption) and importer (14%) of pulses in the world.
  2. 2. The major pulses producing states are Madhya Pradesh (25%), UP (13%) Maharashtra (12%), Rajasthan (11%), Andhra Pradesh (9%) and other states together (30%) during 2012-13. Area under pulse crop in MP =52.21 lakh hectare. Production 5.6 mt Pulses are important source of protein, high in fiber content and provide higher quantity of vitamins and minerals. Keeping in view large benefits of pulses for human health, the United Nations has proclaimed 2016 as the International Year of Pulses. pulses are not only benefited to human but it is also very important for soil also. Among the pulses, chickpea contributed 48%, Pigeon pea 17%, black gram 10%, green gram 7% and other pulses 18% towards total pulses (Singh R.P.)
  3. 3. The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is a legume of the Family . it is also known as gram, Bengal gram, garbanzo or garbanzo bean. India got rank 1st with 88,32,500 matric tone same as 2nd rank Australia with 8,13,300 matric tonne production. Average Production 806 kg/ha Fallow land: 0.87 m ha in MP, Rice fallow: 4.38 m ha in MP is the major potential district
  4. 4. SAMPLING TECHNIQUE Madhya Pradesh 47 KVK out of which 25 KVK selected 4 farmer of each KVK total 100 farmers STATISTICAL TOOLS tools correlation regression
  5. 5. VARIABLES Yield (Y) land holding (X1) Education (X2) Distance from market (X3) Method of sowing (X4) Seed rate(X5) Seed treatment(X6) Doses of N (X7) Doses of P (X8) Doses of K (X9) Irrigation (X10) IPM (X11)
  6. 6. Name of crop Negative growth Low (0-2%) Moderate (2-4%/annum) High (>4%/annum) Chickpea Hoshangabad, Shahdol, Narsinghpur, Bhind, Morena, Neemuch (6) Chhattarpur, Panna, Sagar, Jabalpur, Raisen, Satna, Jhabua( (7) Balaghat, Betul, Seoni, Umaria, Burhanpur, Badwani, Sehore (7) Dwas, Dhar, Ujain, Indore, Ratlam (5) RESULTS Districts selected based on potential pulses
  7. 7. CORRELATION TABLE Practices Correlation values Land Holding 0.346871 Education 0.203873 Distance from market -0.03876 Method of sowing 0.242559 Seed Rate 0.019785 Source of Seed 0.285677 Seed Treatment 0.171215 Doses of Nutrient N -0.05623 P 0.49872 K 0.490941 No. of Irrigation 0.235009 IPM practices 0.164717
  8. 8. Regression analysis Practices Coefficients P-value Land Holding 1.803*** 0.0007 Education of Farmer 1.127** 0.024 Distance from market -0.107* 0.067 Method of sowing 2.529** 0.025 Seed Rate 0.123 0.841 Source of Seed 2.872*** 0.006 Seed Treatment 1.411 0.230 Doses of Nutrient N -1.801 0.045 P 4.789 0.309 K 0.421 0.9286 No. of Irrigation 1.236* 0.105 IPM practices 0.662* 0.153
  9. 9. Preventive measures
  10. 10. CONCLUTION The result of study highlighted the preventive measure. (captured through seed treatment, pest and disease control measures) quality seed (captured through source of seed) method of sowing and land holding is most important determinant of pulse production in the state. The other determents found were distance from market (negatively associated) Balance does of fertilizer was negatively related with dose nitrogen application it mean if we use less amount of N2 it is give no yield loss Method of sowing (improved method of sowing increased the yield).
  11. 11. SUGGESTION The study suggests promoting preventive measure of pest and disease control such as seed treatment should be promoted for pulses in the state. The paper also emphasis on increase in area under rabi pulse crops to increase pulses production. It emphasizes the expansion of area under short duration , Drought resistant varieties. Study also emphasis to provide improved quality of seed and timely. The study also suggested to increases the use of ICT application for enrich source of information use of market strategies for providing input as well as selling of output.
  12. 12. THANK YOU

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