Determinates of pulse production a case study of madhya pradesh
In the world, pulses are grown by 171 countries. At triennium ending 2010-
11, the area under pulses was 723 lakh ha. This area provided about 644.08
lakh tones of pulses with a productivity of 890 kg / ha.
The highest area was contributed by India (32.24 %) followed by Niger (7)
and Myanmar (5.33)
The contribution to total production by India was 23.46%, Canada 7.93,
The highest productivity was of France (4219 kg / ha) followed by Canada
(1936), USA (1882)
India is the largest producer (25% of global production), consumer (27% of
world consumption) and importer (14%) of pulses in the world.
The major pulses producing states are Madhya Pradesh (25%), UP
(13%) Maharashtra (12%), Rajasthan (11%), Andhra Pradesh
(9%) and other states together (30%) during 2012-13.
Area under pulse crop in MP =52.21 lakh hectare.
Production 5.6 mt
Pulses are important source of protein, high in fiber content and provide
higher quantity of vitamins and minerals. Keeping in view large benefits of
pulses for human health, the United Nations has proclaimed 2016 as the
International Year of Pulses. pulses are not only benefited to human but it
is also very important for soil also.
Among the pulses, chickpea contributed 48%, Pigeon pea 17%,
black gram 10%, green gram 7% and other pulses 18% towards total
The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is a legume of the
Family . it is also known as gram, Bengal gram, garbanzo or
India got rank 1st with 88,32,500 matric tone same as 2nd
rank Australia with 8,13,300 matric tonne production.
Average Production 806 kg/ha
Fallow land: 0.87 m ha in MP, Rice fallow: 4.38 m ha in MP is the
major potential district
47 KVK out of
which 25 KVK
4 farmer of
each KVK total
land holding (X1)
Distance from market (X3)
Method of sowing (X4)
Doses of N (X7)
Doses of P (X8)
Doses of K (X9)
Districts selected based on
Practices Correlation values
Land Holding 0.346871
Distance from market -0.03876
Method of sowing 0.242559
Seed Rate 0.019785
Source of Seed 0.285677
Seed Treatment 0.171215
Doses of Nutrient N -0.05623
No. of Irrigation 0.235009
IPM practices 0.164717
Practices Coefficients P-value
Land Holding 1.803*** 0.0007
Education of Farmer 1.127** 0.024
Distance from market -0.107* 0.067
Method of sowing 2.529** 0.025
Seed Rate 0.123 0.841
Source of Seed 2.872*** 0.006
Seed Treatment 1.411 0.230
Doses of Nutrient N -1.801 0.045
P 4.789 0.309
K 0.421 0.9286
No. of Irrigation 1.236* 0.105
IPM practices 0.662* 0.153
The result of study highlighted the preventive measure.
(captured through seed treatment, pest and disease control measures)
quality seed (captured through source of seed)
method of sowing and land holding is most important determinant of
pulse production in the state.
The other determents found were distance from market (negatively
Balance does of fertilizer was negatively related with dose nitrogen
application it mean if we use less amount of N2 it is give no yield loss
Method of sowing (improved method of sowing increased the yield).
The study suggests promoting preventive measure of pest and
disease control such as seed treatment should be
promoted for pulses in the state.
The paper also emphasis on increase in area under rabi pulse
crops to increase pulses production.
It emphasizes the expansion of area under short duration ,
Drought resistant varieties.
Study also emphasis to provide improved quality of seed and
The study also suggested to increases the use of ICT application
for enrich source of information use of market strategies for
providing input as well as selling of output.