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Impact of Decentralisaiton on Social Services in Albania

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Presentation in Vienna May 2016

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Impact of Decentralisaiton on Social Services in Albania

  1. 1. Current State and Drivers of Change for Decentralization in Albania Elira Jorgoni, ESA Consulting, Albania
  2. 2. General data Population 2,8 mil (Census 2011) a decline of 8% from Census 2001 (3,2 mil) 53,5 % - Urban 46,5% - Rural GDP growth 2,8 per cent (3,4 % in 2016 IMF) Poverty 25 % (2002), 12,4% (2008) and 14,3% (2012) - LSMS Unemployment 17,7 % (15-64 yo – Q4 2015), 33,2% (15-29 yo – Q42015)
  3. 3. Social Protection Data
  4. 4. FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017 Social Protection Budget (Incl. Soc Assistance, disability and social services) in mln EUR 149.291.000 149.456.000 158.063. 857 In % of GDP Social Assistance (poverty) 0,33% 0,31% 0,30% Disability benefits 1,08% 1,02% 1,01% Social care services 0,04% 1.02% 1,01% In % of Pub Exp Social Assistance (poverty) 1,0% 1,0% 1,0% Disability benefits 3,4% 3,4% 3,5% Social care services 0,1% 0,1% 0,1% In % of Budget programme Social Assistance (poverty) 22% 22% 21% Disability benefits 72% 72% 72% Social care services 2,9% 3,0% 2,7%
  5. 5. Governance of Social Services
  6. 6. Before 2015 From 2015 LGUs 383 61 ‘Messo’ level 12 regions 12 regions (staff reduced from approx. 30 to 10-13) Financing social welfare - Unconditional transfer (general purpose transfer + own revenues) - Specific transfers for the residential centers -  Block grants mainly dedicated to NE and PAK – limited resources allocated for social services - Procurement of services not implementable - Same as before 2015; - Block grants for NE and PAK with limited authority; - Financial mechanisms are being developed; -  Social Fund is part of the strategy for SP 2020; -  New law for procurement of NGOs (need to prepare clear procedures) Social care services Not all LGUs had SS Directorates typically residential services have mix dependency (central and local) Separate (draft) legal framework (cash&care) with clear mandates Social Protection Strategy (2016-2020)
  7. 7. Profiling SS in Albania ¡  Who are the service providers: -  266 services provided by NGOs (182 licensed) -  27 by public institutions (19 under LGUs and 9 national centers) ¡  Coverage -  mainly concentrated in urban areas (90%) and central and western areas ( about 75%) -  Typology of services: 60 % of services fall under child protection (more…) -  Main services provided are Xxxx
  8. 8. SCS - Governance Structure Central Level Local Level MSWY (lead agency) 2nd Tier: Regional Council (coordinating; harmonizing) SSS (monitoring, quality assurance of service provision & TA) SSS RO (monitoring, TA, assessment of cash beneAits, capacity building) NAfCP (monitoring, coordination, TA on child issues) 1st Tier: Municipalities (cash and care delivery; planning and budgeting) NLI (service inspection services)
  9. 9. Decentralisation Challenges ¡ Unclear division of mandates and responsibili3es ¡ Social agenda not a priority at local level ¡ Fragmenta3on and parallelism: central – local; state – non-state ¡ Limited social services; No ‘cash and care’ combina3ons - mainly passible cash ¡ Poor control mechanisms ¡ Lack of HR and skills (social workers, case managers ) ¡ Poor and unsustainable services (no client oriented; typology, coverage and adequacy and accessibility)
  10. 10. Lessons Learned ¡  Greater coordination is needed (vertically and horizontally) ¡  Establishment of better standards and criteria that respond accordingly to the groups ¡  Establishment of a minimum basket of basic social services ¡  Dedicated structures with professional staff at local level ¡  Establish sound control mechanisms; ¡  Financial resources following mandates; ¡  Forward planning
  11. 11. Thank you! elira.jorgoni@gmail.com elira.jorgoni@esaconsulting.com

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